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 Imam Muslim

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
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أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

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Imam Muslim Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: Imam Muslim   Imam Muslim Emptyالثلاثاء 13 مارس 2018, 8:46 am

Imam Muslim Wp-14910
Imam Muslim
His name is Abu Al-Husayn Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaj ibn Muslim ibn Ward ibn Kushadh Al-Qushairy An-Naysabur, the outstanding and eminent authority of Hadith. He is one the leading scholars and memorizers of the Prophet’s narrations and hadiths. His Hadith collection “Sahih Muslim” is regarded as one of the two most authentic books of Hadith, alongside Sahih Al-Bukhari.

Imam Muslim’s Birth and Early Life
Imam Muslim was born in Nishapur in 206 AH (821) from a noble Arab tribe called Qushair. In a family of knowledge and good conduct, for his father was a regular at¬tendant of the circles of knowledge and upright man, and in a town replete with Islamic knowledge, Abu Al-Husayn Muslim grew up stuck on knowledge.

He began his knowledge journey in his tender age, as Imam Adh-Dhahaby said, “The beginning of his Hadith learning was in 218 AH under Yahya ibn Yahya At-Tamimi and he offered Hajj in 220 AH while he was still beardless.” It means that he was then about 12 years old or less when he attended the circles of Hadith.

Imam Muslim’s Pursuit of Knowledge
Abu Al-Husayn started learning hadith under the scholars in his town Nishapur, then he began his long scientific journeys at an early age. As-Siyuti said, “He (Muslim) travelled to Basra when he was 14, then he went to Hejaz to perform Hajj and study Hadith under the Imams of Hadith in Makkah and Al-Madinah.

After that, he travelled to Egypt, the Levant, Iraq and returned to Ar-Rayy and then Khurasan. He remained about 15 years pursuing knowledge of Hadith during which he met many sheikhs and collected more than 300000 hadiths.”

He travelled to these places more than once with-out any tiredness or wearisome. In these tours, he bent on knowledge seeking, scrutinizing the narra¬tors of hadith and gaining the fruits of knowledge.

Imam Muslim’s Sheikhs and Students
Imam Muslim studied under a great deal of scholars of hadith and narrated hadiths from numberless people. Among the prominent scholars from which he narrated hadiths were `Abdullah ibn Maslamah Al-Qan`aby, Yahya ibn Yahya An-Naysabury, Qutaybah ibn Sa`id, Sa`id ibn Mansur, Ahmed ibn Hanbal, Is-haq ibn Rahuwayh, Abu Khaithamah Zuhair ibn Harb, Abu Kurayb Muhammad ibn Al-`Alaa’, Abu Musa Mu-hammad ibn Al-Muthanna, Muhammad ibn Yahya Adh-Dhuhaly, Abu Muhammad ibn Isma`il Al-Bukhari, `Abdullah Ad-Darimi and others. It is related that his sheikhs were about 220 of the narrators of hadith.

He accompanied Imam Al-Bukhari and was affected by his method in compiling hadiths. It is reported that he would say to Imam Al-Bukhari, “Let me kiss your legs, O master of teachers, leader of Muhaddithin (scholars of hadith) and doctor of Hadith knowledge and its deficiencies.”

An-Nawawi said,
“He (Muslim) took hadith from Yahya ibn Yahya, Is-haq ibn Rahuwaih and others in Khurasan, and from Muhammad ibn Mahran Al-Jammal, Abu Ghassan and others in Ar-Rayy, from Ahmad ibn Hanbal, `Abdullah ibn Muslim Al-Qa`nabi and others in Iraq, from Sa`id ibn Mansur, Abu Mus`ab and other in Hejaz, from `Amr ibn Suwad, Harmalah ibn Yahya and others in Egypt, and from many others.

As for his students, they were plentiful. Among them were `Ali ibn Al-Hasan ibn `Eisa Al-Hilali, Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhab Al-Farra’, Al-Husain ibn Muhammad Al-Qabbani, Abu `Eisa At-Tirmidhi, `Abdullah ibn Yahya As-Sarkhasi Al-Qady, `Ali ibn Al-Husain Ar-Razi, Salih ibn Muhammad Jazarah, Nasr ibn Ahmed Al-Hafiz, Ibn Khu-zaimah, Abu `Uwanah, `Abdur-Rahmadn ibn Abu Hatim Ar-Razi, and many others15
 
Imam Muslim’s Writings
Imam Muslim compiled a lot of books, the most important of which are
- Al-Musnad As-Sahih (Sahih Muslim)
- At-Tamiyiz
- Kitab Al-`Ilal
- Kitab Al-Wuhdan
- Kitab Al-Afrad
- Kitab Al-Aqran
- Kitab Al-Mukhadramin
- Kitab Awham Al-Muhaddithin
- Kitab At-Tabaqat


Scholars’ Praise of Imam Muslim
- Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhab Al-Farra’ said,
“Muslim was one of the prominent scholars and vessels of knowledge.”

- Muhammad ibn Bashshar said,
“The memorizers of hadiths are four: Abu Zu-r`ah, Muhammad ibn Isma`il Al-Bukhari, Ad-Darimi, and Muslim.”

- Al-Husain ibn `Ali An-Naysaburi said,
“There is no book under the canopy of the sky more authentic than the book of Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaj in the knowl¬edge of Hadith.”

- Ahmed ibn Salamah said,
“I saw Abu Zur`ah and Abu Hatim advancing Mus-lim ibn Al-Hajjaj in knowing the authentic hadiths upon the sheikhs of their age.”

- Ibn Khalkan said,
“He is the compiler of the Sahih, one of the greatest memo-rizers and leading scholars of hadith.”

- Ibn Al-Jawzi said,
“He is a prominent scholar of Hadith and one of the vessels of knowledge.”

- Sadi` ibn Hasan Al-Qanuji said,
“Imam Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaj Al-Qushairy Al-Baghdadi is one of the outstanding memorizers and knowledgeable schol¬ars of hadith, he is the leader of Khurasan in the knowledge of hadith follow-ing Al-Bukhari.”16

Imam Muslim’s Words
Muslim used to say to Imam Al-Bukhari, “Let me kiss your legs, O master of teachers, leader of Muhaddithin (scholars of hadith) and doctor of Hadith knowledge and its deficiencies.”

Imam Muslim’s Death
Imam Muslim lived for 55 years and died in Ra¬jab, 261 AH. Regarding the cause of his death, Adh-Dhahabi mentioned on the authority of Ahmad ibn Salamah, “A gathering of knowl¬edge and revision was held for Abu Al-Husayn Muslim ibn Al-Hajjaj where a hadith that he did not know was mentioned. He went home and lit his lamp and said to those at home, “No one should enter the house (i.e. disturb me).” He was told, “We have been gifted a basket of dates.” He said, “Put it out for me,” so they served it to him.

He started searching for the hadith and taking a date at a time until the morning, by which time the dates where finished and he had final¬ly found the hadith. Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah (one of the reporters of this narration) added, “A reliable companion of ours added that dates were the cause of his death.”


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Imam Muslim
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