منتديات إنما المؤمنون إخوة (2020 - 2010) The Believers Are Brothers
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منتديات إنما المؤمنون إخوة (2020 - 2010) The Believers Are Brothers

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معجزة الإسراء والمعراج :الإسراء بالنبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- من المسجد الحرام في مكة المكرمة إلي المسجد الأقصى في فلسطين وبجسده الشريف في ليلة واحدة، كان حدثاً فريداً ومعجزة ربانية خَصَّ الله تعالي بها نبيه -صلى الله عليه وسلم-، حتي أن الله تعالي كَلّمَهُ من وراء حجاب دون واسطة بينهما... قال الله تعالي: (سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلًا مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الْأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ لِنُرِيَهُ مِنْ آَيَاتِنَا إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ) ولندع سيدنا أنس ابن مالك -رضي الله عنه- يروي لنا المعجزة كما سمعها من النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- على هذا العنوان: معجزة الإسراء والمعراج.

فضَّلَ اللهُ مِصْرَ على سائر البلدان، كما فَضَّلَ بعض الناس على بعض والأيام والليالي بعضها على بعض، والفضلُ على ضربين: في دِينٍ أو دُنْيَا، أو فيهما جميعاً، وقد فَضَّلَ اللهُ مِصْرَ وشَهِدَ لها في كتابه بالكَرَمِ وعِظَم المَنزلة وذكرها باسمها وخَصَّهَا دُونَ غيرها، وكَرَّرَ ذِكْرَهَا، وأبَانَ فضلها في آياتٍ تُتْلَى من القرآن العظيم، تُنْبِئُ عن مِصرْ َوأحوالها، وأحوال الأنبياء بها، والأمم الخالية والمُلوك الماضية، والآيات البيِّنات، يشهد لها بذلك القرآنُ، وكفى به شهيداً، ومع ذلك رُوِيَ عن النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- في مِصْرَ وفي عَجَمِهَا خاصَّة وذِكْرِهِ لقرابتهِ ورحمهم ومباركته عليهم وعلى بلدهم وحَثِّهِ على بِرِّهِمْ ما لم يُرْو عنه في قوم من العَجَمِ غيرهم، وسنذكرُ ذلك إنٍ شاءَ اللهُ في موضعه مع ما خصَّها اللهُ به من الخِصْبِ والفضلِ وما أنزل فيها من البركات وأخرج منها من الأنبياء والعُلماء والحُكَمَاءِ والخواص والمُلوك والعجائب بما لم يخصص اللهُ به بلداً غيرها، ولا أرضاً سواها... للمزيد اقرأ: فضائل مصر المحروسة

"حسن فتحي: فيلسوف العمارة ومهندس الفقراء" (23 مارس 1900 - 30 نوفمبر 1989) هو معماري مصري بارز، من مواليد مدينة الأسكندرية، وتخرَّج من المهندس خانة (كلية الهندسة حاليًا) بجامعة فؤاد الأول (جامعة القاهرة حاليًا)، اشتهر بطرازه المعماري الفريد الذي استمَدَّ مصادرهُ من العِمَارَة الريفية النوبية المبنية بالطوب اللبن، ومن البيوت والقصور بالقاهرة القديمة في العصرين المملوكي والعثماني، وتُعَدُّ قرية القرنة التي بناها لتقطنها 3200 أسرة جزءاً من تاريخ البناء الشعبي الذي أسَّسَهُ بما يُعرَفُ ب "عمارة الفقراء"...


 

 Umm Kulthoom

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

عدد المساهمات : 27239
العمر : 67

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مُساهمةموضوع: Umm Kulthoom   Umm Kulthoom Emptyالخميس 29 ديسمبر 2016, 7:53 am

Umm Kulthoom Index.php?action=dlattach;topic=412919
Umm Kulthoom,
The Confined of the Valley
May Allaah be please with her!
==========================
Allaah Says (what means):
{Verily, the Muslims [those who submit to Allaah in Islam] men and women, the believers men and women [who believe in Islamic Monotheism], the men and the women who are obedient [to Allaah], the men and women who are truthful [in their speech and deeds], the men and the women who are patient [in performing all the duties which Allaah has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allaah has forbidden], the men and the women who are humble [before their Lord — Allaah], the men and the women who give Sadaqaat [i.e. Zakaah, and alms], the men and the women who observe Sawm [fast — the obligatory fasting during the month of Ramadhaan, and the optional Nawaafil fasting], the men and the women who guard their chastity [from illegal sexual acts] and the men and the women who remember Allaah much with their hearts and tongues Allaah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward [i.e. Paradise].} [Quran 33: 35]
   
Umm Kulthoom, may Allaah be pleased with her, possessed all the excellent and commendable qualities mentioned in the above verse. And she had one other quality in addition: she was Muhammad's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, daughter! She had a piece of his light. We shall see what will confirm that as travel along the events of her life.
   
It is also a gainsaying to talk about her being around the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam.
   
The two following events will confirm that this excellence is deep-rooted in the personality of Umm Kulthoom.
   
When Hafsah, may Allaah be pleased with her, the daughter of `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab, may Allaah be pleased with him, was widowed, her father offered her in marriage to `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, whose wife, Ruqayyah, may Allaah be pleased with her, had just died. He rejected the offer, for he was still grieving over the death of his wife.
   
Then `Umar went to Abu Bakr, may Allaah be pleased with them, and made him the same offer, but Abu Bakr did not say a word.
   
`Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him, was enraged and greatly distressed. The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, met him and asked him of what had happened. He tearfully told him the story. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, then told him: "Hafsah, may Allaah be pleased with her, will be married to someone better than `Uthmaan and `Uthmaan will marry someone who is better than Hafsah."
   
Pillars of consolation were completed for all sides, and all revolved around the great Messenger, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam.

This was how it was done: The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, married Hafsah; and he was definitely better than `Uthmaan. He gave Umm Kulthoom in marriage to `Uthmaan; and she was better than Hafsah, may Allaah be pleased with them!
   
He consoled `Umar by marrying his daughter, Hafsah as he consoled `Uthmaan by marrying Umm Kulthoom to him. And he said: "If I had had ten daughters, I would have married them all to him (in succession)."

Allaah Says the truth in His word (what means): {Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger [Muhammad] from amongst yourselves [i.e. whom you know well]. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He [Muhammad] is anxious over you [to be rightly guided, to repent to Allaah, and beg Him to pardon and forgive your sins, in order that you may enter Paradise and be saved from the punishment of the Hell-fire]; for the believers [he is] full of pity, kind, and merciful.} [Quran 9: 128]
   
Now, dear readers, come along and let us study the detailed life of Umm Kulthoom through the coming pages. For, she was an excellent example that deserves emulation.

Preamble
========
Though Umm Kulthoom did not migrate to Abyssinia and face the pain of being away from homeland and family, she had suffered what was greater than that migration and exile. For, she and her fellow Muslims, and the members of Banu Haashim clan were confined to the valley of Abu Taalib where they suffered indescribable hunger, starvation and isolation for three years. During this period, they suffered the cruelest treatment that any human can imagine.
   
The sinful and oppressive men of Quraysh had made a pact to isolate the Muslims and members of Banu Haashim clan. To affirm this malicious pact, they hanged its copy on the interior wall of the Ka`bah. And it remained so until Allaah provided the besieged people with relief and a way out.

The third of the daughters
=======================
In the Quraysh assembly, they used to say, "Muhammad has only daughters."
   
They said that in total oblivion of Allaah's Great Divine Wisdom that has many aspects and goals and full of immense meanings.
   
They forgot that they were people of ignorance and that they are, as Allaah The Almighty describes them (what means): {And when the news of [the birth of] a female [child] is brought to any of them, his face becomes dark, and he is filled with inward grief. He hides himself from the people because of the evil of that whereof he has been informed. Shall he keep her with dishonour or bury her in the earth? ...} [Quran 16: 58-59]
   
They forgot that they were an unjust and barbaric people who buried female babies alive because of fear of poverty and shame, and out of stupidity. Allaah, The Almighty, All-High Says (what means): {And when the female [infant] buried alive [as the pagan Arabs used to do] is questioned: For what sin, was she killed?} [Quran 81: 8-9]
   
They forgot that they were idol worshippers and were oblivious of the fact that there is only One Lord Who decrees and creates whatever He wishes.

{To Allaah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female [offspring] upon whom He wills, and bestows male [offspring] upon whom He wills. Or He bestows both males and females, and He renders barren whom He wills. Verily, He is the All-Knower and is Able to do all things.} [Quran 42: 49-50]

And finally, they are also oblivious of Allaah's Saying (what means): {Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allaah and the last [end] of the Prophets. And Allaah is Ever All-Aware of everything.} [Quran 33: 40]

And the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, had a new bouncing, beautiful and smooth-cheeked baby girl. She was named Umm Kulthoom.
   
She had a gradual but steady grow and she became an excellent companion for her sister Ruqayyah, may Allaah be pleased with them.
As we have mentioned earlier, they were like a set of twins. They were married to Abu Lahab's sons; they were then returned to their father after he had been commissioned a Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam. And that was better for them. For, both of them escaped from a horrible life with the bearer of thorns.
   
As for Ruqayyah, she was soon married to the noble and virtuous `Uthmaan ibn `Affaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, with whom she migrated to Abyssinia.

Mistress of the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, household
   
Umm Kulthoom remained with her younger sister, Faatimah in their father's house in Makkah. She was assisting her mother, Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her, in shouldering the household responsibilities and easing the impacts of the Quraysh's persecution on her father with her love and compassion.
   
Therefore, Umm Kulthoom lived, with her father, the severest periods of persecution, the hardest conditions in the cause of calling people to Islam and the cruelest days of Jihaad.
   
Stupidity became so endemic among the Quraysh that gathered together and decided to sever all ties with the Muslims and members of Banu Haashim clan — the Prophet's immediate clan. This boycott — in that time — was of the most vindictive forms of deprivation and economic and social war. To show how serious they were on this decision, the Quraysh wrote a document in this regard and hanged it on the interior wall of the Ka`bah.


Umm Kulthoom 2013_110
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
https://almomenoon1.0wn0.com/
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

عدد المساهمات : 27239
العمر : 67

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Umm Kulthoom   Umm Kulthoom Emptyالخميس 29 ديسمبر 2016, 7:56 am

The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, was then forced out, along with his family and followers and the Banu Haashim to the valley of Abu Taalib in one of the outskirts of Makkah.
   
There, they lived in the most difficult form of embargo. They suffered the pangs of hunger so much so that some of them eat tree lives. They remained in this pathetic situation for about three years. Sometimes, food was smuggled to them, especially by some Makkans who had relatives among them.
   
One day, Abu Jahl noticed that Hakeem ibn Hizaam ibn Khuwaylid was walking secretly, carrying wheat to his aunt, Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her, while a boy was accompanying him. Abu Jahl caught him and shouted, "Are you carrying food to Banu Haashim?! By Allaah! I will not allow you and your food to leave here until I expose you in Makkah!"
   
Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqaas said: "I had suffered hunger so much so that one night, I trampled upon something that was succulent and I put it in my mouth and swallowed it though I did not know what that thing was!!"
   
According to some narrations, that succulent thing was animal droppings!!

Hishaam ibn `Amr ibn Rabee`ah Al-`Aamiri was one of the Makkans, pained by the injustice and torment from which the Muslims were suffering. He would come with a camel loaded with food every night and release him at the entrance of the valley and strike him in the side. The camel would then enter into the valley and the Banu Haashim would receive him as if it was a blessing that Allaah sent to them from the heaven.

Mutual boycott or rupture of relations
=================================
Mutual boycott occurs between two dissenting sides; and this did not happen between the Muslims and Banu Haashim on one hand and the Quraysh on the other. This is because the Muslims did never boycott the Quraysh. 


Rather, they lived the Qurayshi life and all their relationships were with the Quraysh. The only difference was that the Muslims were unique with their belief and manners without creating any negative or rigid estrangement.
   
It was this uniqueness that caused the obstinate tribalism and misleading ignorance on the part of the Quraysh that prevented them from accepting Islam. It was also the same factor that led them to make all efforts to prevent the spread of this religion, using different means like threats, torture, killing, imprisonment, slandering and other vicious means they could think of.
   
Despite all that, Islam found its way and progress though the disbelievers hated that.
   
One day, the Quraysh found themselves besieged from all sides. Nothing of the methods adopted to prevent the spread of the threat of Islam worked.

What is the threat that Islam posed to them?!
=======================================
Yes, Islam threatened their deviated ideology, their social waywardness and their moral decadence!

It threatened human relapse and fall into the abyss of lusts!
   
Therefore, the Quraysh wanted to turn the tide of this siege against the Muslims and decided to impose economic and social sanction on the Muslims.
   
That was the mindset of the imprudent and short-sighted people of the age of ignorance. They did not understand that Allaah has control over His affairs.
   
The Quraysh conspired in their assembly house and decided to boycott the Muslims and Banu Haashim. This decision was documented, and to buttress its importance, it was hanged in the interior wall of the Ka`bah.
   
It should be noted that, while the Quraysh did what they did, they did not force the Muslim and Banu Haashim out of Makkah. It was Allaah's Messenger, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, who felt that it was better for them to move out of Makkah to a separated place where they could avoid harassment, enjoy their unity and practice their worship freely. So the valley of Abu Taalib was chosen.
   
Here, dear reader, there is one important thing that should be observed: The writers of Seerah mentioned the name of this valley and attributed it to someone with explaining the reason. Was the valley really attributed to Abu Taalib, the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, uncle? The matter remains unclear.
   
What is historically popular is that the valley of Abu Taalib was situated at one of the outskirts of Makkah. Most of the city's outskirts were and deserts in which there was no plant or water.
   
The Muslims and Banu Haashim, therefore, lived in a place whose surface was harsh, suffering from scorching sun during the day and biting cold of the night. They lived in tents they erected for themselves.
   
How did they bring water to that and place, how did they get their meals and what did they eat?

Had the boycott lasted for only few days, the answer to the above questions would have been easy, but they lived there for three years!
   
It is from here that we know how cruel and how inhuman the boycott was!!
   
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and the Muslims and Banu Haashim has built for themselves a residential village in which only very minimal of the necessities of life was provided.
   
This choking atmosphere had an adverse effect on many Muslims physically, psychologically and socially.

A prominent manifestation of this evil effect was Khadeejah's, may Allaah be pleased with her, illness.

Umm Kulthoom's, may Allaah be pleased with her, role became manifest here, for she took care of her mother with all the experience, love and compassion that she possessed. In addition to this onerous and time-consuming task, she was also responsible for taking care of her younger sister, Faatimah.
   
Umm Kulthoom spent three years of her youthful life in struggle, patience and perseverance. Therefore, she suitably deserved the title: `The Confined of the Valley'.
   
Moreover, had Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her, recovered from her illness, the matter would have been easier for Umm Kulthoom and her patience would have been adequately compensated for. But the loving and affectionate mother could no longer bear the illness. She died soon after the end of the boycott.
   
The sorrow of Umm Kulthoom increased and she was weakened by distress.
   
Also, she was burdened with the responsibilities of the great household of the noble Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam. Then, it is not a surprise that she died in the prime of her youth.
   
A careful review of the life of Umm Kulthoom would show us that she had had the bitterest experience and trial: Her parents were living in sadness and pain; her sister, Zaynab, may Allaah be pleased with her, and her husband were in Makkah and she could do nothing to help them; her childhood and life companion, Ruqayyah was away in a foreign land; her mother, Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her — mother of the faithful — was in a struggle with death in a severe illness; and the little Faatimah needed care and support!
   
Throughout these periods, Umm Kulthoom shouldered some of the greatest responsibilities. Yet, she was patient hoping to get her reward from Allaah. She alleviated the sufferings, pains and sorrows of her father and she consoled her mother with these soothing words: "You won't be any harm, mother!"


Umm Kulthoom 2013_110
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
https://almomenoon1.0wn0.com/
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

عدد المساهمات : 27239
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Umm Kulthoom   Umm Kulthoom Emptyالخميس 29 ديسمبر 2016, 8:00 am

End of boycott and death of Khadeejah
==================================
Abu Taalib came to the valley and gave his nephew a good tiding that the boycott had been ended and the document torn down. He also informed him that Quraysh elders like Hishaam ibn `Amr, Zuhayr ibn Umayyah, Mut`im ibn `Ady, Zam`ah ibn Aswad and Abu Al-Buhtari ibn Hishaam had decided to stand on the side of Banu Hishaam.
   
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, was very happy to hear this and he conveyed the good news to members of his household and the Muslims. And they all returned to Makkah, with their faith and certainty in Allaah greatly reinforced. Their trail had increased them in closeness to Allaah, and their bitter tribulation refined them and strengthened their resolve.
   
She lay down on her bed in Makkah expecting the day that she would meet Allaah. It did not take long before breathed her last and died. The blockade had weakened the gallant lady, Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her.

Her daughters, Zaynab, Umm Kulthoom and Faatimah, may Allaah be pleased with them, stood round her having a final looking at their mother's bright and beautiful face. That was on the l0th day of Ramadhaan, in the tenth year of her husband's commission as a Prophet.
   
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, buried her with own noble hands at her grave at a place in Makkah called Al-Hujoon.

He then returned home sad.
=========================
He hugged his daughters, Umm Kulthoom and Faatimah, may Allaah be pleased with them, consoled them and tried to alleviate their pains and agony.
   
The responsibility of Umm Kulthoom increased. She was now the main mistress of the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, noble household. And she played the role excellently. She had to. For, she is the daughter of the leader of all the women of mankind, Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid, may Allaah be pleased with her.

Migration
=========
The Muslims migrated to Yathrib and the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, migrated after them. His journey was the greatest gamble known in the history of mankind and made in the cause of Allaah and in supporting the truth.

Umm Kulthoom and Faatimah, may Allaah be pleased with them, remained in Makkah for their safety.
   
When the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, arrived at Madeenah, he sent his boy, Zayd ibn Haarithah to Makkah to bring his daughters. They moved to Al-Hujoon, bade farewell to their mother's grave and headed for Madeenah.

Marriage
========
Two years that were full of great events passed after the migration. During these two years, Umm Kulthoom witnessed the return of her father victorious from the battle of Badr.
She also witness the death of her sister and companion Ruqayyah.
   
At the onset of the third year, her heart was still clouded with sorrow. But she would notice `Uthmaan come to her father to receive condolence, advice and support over the death of his precious wife, Ruqayyah. She would also notice how the tears that rolled down his cheeks expressed his distress and grief.
   
One day, `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab, may Allaah be pleased with him, came to the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, enraged and complaining. When the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, asked him of the matter, he informed him that he offered his daughter, Hafsah who had just been widowed in marriage to Abu Bakr and `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with them, and that both of them rejected.

The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, soothed him and said: "Hafsah will marry someone who is better than `Uthmaan and `Uthmaan will marry someone who is better than Hafsah."
   
And the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, married Hafsah, may Allaah be pleased with him, and he is definitely better than `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him.
   
The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, then addressed `Uthmaan, "I am giving you Umm Kulthoom — Ruqayyah's sister — in marriage. If they had been ten girls, I would have married them to you." And Umm Kulthoom was also better than Hafsah.
   
The marriage of Umm Kulthoom to `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with them, was contracted on the same bridal gift as that of her sister, Ruqayyah and other women of her status.
   
She lived with `Uthmaan for six years and saw how the glory of Islam reached the peak of power. She witnessed her father moving from one battle to another victorious, and her husband as favoured companion and a selfless warrior who fought with his life and wealth.

The trial
=======
In the month of Dhul-Qa`dah, 6 A.H., the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, set out on his camel, the Qaswaa' and led a group of about one thousand five hundred men travelling to Makkah to perform `Umrah. They bore no arms except only swords in their scabbards.
   
The Quraysh accosted them and violently prevented them from entering Makkah though the Muslims had reached Hudaybiyah — the place of a dried well that is between Makkah and Madeenah but closer to Makkah.
   
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, told his in-law, `Uthmaan: "Go to the Quraysh and tell them that we have not come to fight anyone. We only came to visit the House, honouring its sacredness and bringing with us the sacrifice. And we shall leave."
   
The heart of Umm Kulthoom, may Allaah be pleased with her, trembled in sympathy with her beloved husband. She did not want the Quraysh to harm or betray him. She was also worried when he was delayed beyond the expected time.
   
When `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, did not return after a long waiting, a rumour was spreading among the people that he had been killed. This frightened Umm Kulthoom, and she cried and moaned.
   
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, quickly called the Muslims to give the Pledge of Acceptance (Bay`ah Ar-Ridwaan). He took the pledge on behalf of `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, striking his left hand on the right and saying: "This is on behalf of `Uthmaan. For, he is out for an assignment in the way of Allaah and His Messenger."
   
Before we proceed, we need to have a look at some aspects of the personalities of `Uthmaan and Umm Kulthoom, may Allaah be pleased with them.
   
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, wanted to send an envoy to the Quraysh in Makkah, who could negotiate with them on his behalf and inform them that he had not come to fight and that he had only come with the Muslims to honour the House of Allaah and slaughter the sacrifice. Is there anything wrong then if they could give him access to the House and allow him to fulfil his intention?


Umm Kulthoom 2013_110
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أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Umm Kulthoom   Umm Kulthoom Emptyالخميس 29 ديسمبر 2016, 8:03 am

The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, called `Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him, and asked him to be his envoy to the Quraysh.

But `Umar explained that he could not because of the misgiving that the Quraysh had against him. He added that he could not trust them that they would spare his life and that if he agreed to go; they would have regarded that as an opportunity to torment him.
   
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, was convinced of `Umar's point and excused him.
   
`Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him, then suggested that `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, be appointed for the task, for he was free of enmity, and he was amiable and soft-spoken. He was also loved by his people who were still polytheists.
   
It was in the light of this that the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, chose `Uthmaan and assigned him this task. And `Uthmaan willingly accepted it.
   
`Uthmaan left the Muslims' camp at Hudaybiyah, equipping himself with the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, advice, invocations and directives.

When he arrived at Makkah, he was a warm and rousing welcome.
   
They were deceived by their false assumption that, with their friendly and amiable treatment of `Uthmaan, they would be able to shake his belief in Allaah and His Messenger and make him renounce Islam.
   
`Uthmaan calmly addressed them and told them what he had come for without any incitement or provocation. On their side, they attempted to be harsh with him so that he could back down under pressure. But he remained calm and composed, and unyielding in his stand.
   
In their attempt to erode the Muslims' unity, they told him enticingly: "If you want to circumambulate the House, you can do so. We shall not prevent you from doing so."

`Uthmaan's response was however admirable.

He said: "I cannot circumambulate the House without the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam!”

They were met with failure
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`Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, stayed in Makkah later than the expected time. The reason, according to historical narrations, was that he had many relatives who wanted to have a share of his audience one by one, for they had seen him for a long time and they had been yearning to see him.
   
We knew that Umm Kulthoom, may Allaah be pleased with her, was deeply worried when a rumour was making rounds among the people that `Uthmaan had been killed because of his long and unexpected absence.
   
She deserved to worry. `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, was, to the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, daughters, an ideal husband. He was compassionate with his wife and he was very modest. He was so shy that the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, described him as bashful and that the Angels feel shy in his presence.
   
`Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, was also very wealthy. And he was generous towards members of his family. He was not at all stingy.
   
A husband whose qualities are these deserves the utmost attention and care of his wife. He deserves to be provided all means of comfort and peace.
   
Umm Kulthoom, may Allaah be pleased with her, who was the daughter of the noblest of mankind was given the best refinement by the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, and Khadeejah. She was taught how to be a responsible lady of the house since her childhood. And her experience with her mother during her illness and her death and how the responsibility of the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, household fell on her afterwards also increased her in refinement.
   
As we have earlier mentioned, she was a mate to her sister, Ruqayyah, because of the closeness of their ages. She knew through her sister how excellent a husband `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, was. And after her marriage to him, she had a first hand experience in that so her love for him increased.
   
Umm Kulthoom, may Allaah be pleased with him, experienced difficult and bitter days, firstly, on account of `Uthmaan's departure to Makkah as the Prophet's envoy to the Quraysh; and secondly and most importantly; the rumour that was being spread of `Uthmaan's murder.
   
And how happy she was when he returned! He had told her —as a husband would tell his wife— of all that he faced while he was away.

While the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, greatly appreciated `Uthmaan's pride in Islam, his pure Eemaan and his unyielding stand regarding the Quraysh's enticement, his wife, Umm Kulthoom, may Allaah be pleased with her, also increased in her respect and love for her husband.

Truce of Hudaybiyah
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The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, signed the truce of Hudaybiyah with the Quraysh.
   
`Umar and `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with them, were among those who were displeased with the provisos of the truce.

When the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, slaughtered the sacrifice and shaved his head, the majority of the companions also shaved their heads while some, among whom was `Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, cut their hair.

When Umm Kulthoom heard her father, the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, said: "May Allaah bless the shavers!" it was hard on her. And signs of sadness showed on her face. She was only pleased when he heard him saying: "And those who, cut their hair."

For every term is a Decree!
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When the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, had accomplished the conquest of Makkah in the year 8 A.H., Umm Kulthoom, may Allaah be pleased with her, yearned to visit the grave of her compassionate mother, Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her. She discussed the matter with her husband and father, and both agreed.

But she could not fulfil that desire, for she died in the month of Sha`ban 9 A.H.
   
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, buried her beside the remains of her beloved sister, Ruqayyah. Both of them were brought together, by Allaah's decree, in the house of `Uthmaan; and both of them were sheltered by one grave!!
   
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, stood beside the grave of his two daughters, with his eyes filled with tears and his heart burdened with successive sorrows.

"Say Exalted is my Lord! Was I ever but a human messenger?!"
   
May Allaah be pleased with Umm Kulthoom the Prophet's daughter and the Confined Lady of the Valley! May He let her reside in the abode of His righteous and pious servants!


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