|أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn|
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
عدد المساهمات : 27239
العمر : 67
|موضوع: Umm Al-Fadl الثلاثاء 27 ديسمبر 2016, 5:39 pm|| |
May Allaah be pleased with her
Her name is Lubaabah bint Al-Haarith Al-Hilaaliyah.
She is the wife of `Abbaas ibn `Abdul-Muttalib, the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, uncle. She is also the sister of Maymoonah, the mother of the faithful. May Allaah be pleased with all of them!
According to Ibn Sa`d, she was one of the first women who embraced Islam after Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her.
She and Maymoonah had two other half sisters: Asmaa' and Salama daughters of `Umays.
It was these four sisters that the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, described as, "The believing sisters!"
That was a commendation, and what a great one!
As for Umm Al-Fadl, may Allaah be pleased with her, she had roles and instances regarding the noble household of the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, hence roles and stances relating to the call unto the way of Allaah.
Umm Al-Fadl, may Allaah be pleased with her, was a regular visitor of Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her; and she would often meet with the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, and acquire the knowledge of religion from him.
This is in addition to her ability to keep secrets, her fulfillment of covenant and her sincerity for this pure religion, in spite of her husband's farness from Islam, Eemaan and his failure to join the cause of Da’wah.
She dealt with her husband as a mistress of the household and a dutiful wife would and she saw a wonder in him!
`Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him, sympathized with his nephew [Muhammad, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam] and defended him though he was not yet a Muslim; perhaps it was tribalism of the time of ignorance that spurred him to do so. On one hand, he would like to preserve his status that he inherited from Abu Taalib among the Quraysh, and on the other hand, he would stand in support of his nephew defending the kinship.
Amid all this, Umm Al-Fadl, may Allaah be pleased with her, was expecting the decision of Allaah concerning. `Abbaas's acceptance of Islam, eagerly wishing that that would take place soonest. She was also hoping that he would stop eating up people's wealth unlawfully, for he used to be among those who dealt in usury. He was well-known for that as he was well-known for his love for money.
Umm Al-Fadl, may Allaah be pleased with her, was very astonished the day she saw `Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him, witnessing the allegiance of `Aqabah and having a say in the whole thing as he was the guardian of his nephew!
But she had the greatest surprise in her husband the day she saw him going out with the Quraysh to fight the Muslims during the battle of Badr!!!
She took a little rest when `Abbaas came back to Makkah after he was taken a captive by the Muslims and then released through the Prophet's favour. It was then that he felt the faith and Islam and the light started creeping into his heart to remove the darkness that had been residing there. Then the household of `Abbaas stabilized and became perfectly harmonized; (this is because every member of his household was now a Muslim).
Umm Al-Fadl had always been pursuant of `Abbaas' acceptance of Islam, though it was Allaah Who encompassed all of them from their behind. It was He Who united them upon righteousness and honour.
Umm Al-Fadl was pleased to remain in Makkah and make herself and her house a place of refuge for the weak and the poor who could not afford to migrate and join the Muslims.
It was as if these poor people were in a war with the enemies of Allaah. Though they were denied the opportunity of meeting the enemy in the fields of physical war, they had been fighting a war of challenge and perseverance.
Among the greatest days of Umm Al-Fadl and `Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with them, in their confrontation with the Quraysh was the day of the battle of Khaybar. Since Allaah has given victory to His Messenger, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, over the Jews and Khaybar was entirely conquered and the Muslims won its booties and treasures, Hajjaj ibn `Allaat As-Sullami sought the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, permission to go to Makkah and recover his money and debts owed to him.
The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, permitted him to go and he also permitted him to say whatever he wanted, as a strategic way of making people allow him get his rights.
Hajjaj came to Makkah and spread news among the people that the Jews had killed Muhammad, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and that the Muslims were roundly defeated. He also told them that many Muslims were killed and that many of their women and children were taken as captives. The Quraysh believed him.
He then retrieved all his wealth and debts that people owed him and headed back to the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, in Madeenah.
`Abbaas ibn `Abdul-Muttalib accosted him on his way and asked him about the actual situation, for he was very concerned and sad about what he had said. Hajjaj told him the truth and requested him to keep the matter secret for three days, and `Abbaas promised to do so.
`Abbaas was extremely happy about the truth: that the Muslims won and that the Jews were defeated! He came back home and informed his wife Umm Al-Fadl about the matter and asked her to keep it a secret.
After three days, `Abbaas came out in his best attire, and with the help of his wife, wore the best perfume. She was also in an exceptionally high spirit.
`Abbaas went to the courtyard of Ka`bah where the people and the Quraysh leaders used to gather.
When they saw him in his adornment and exuding perfume they wanted to mock him.
They said: "Is that how to show patience in face of calamity, O' Abu Al-Fadl?!"
He did not give a hoot to their scorning. He let them know the facts in full and how Hajjaj had fooled them so that he could collect all his money and the debts people owed him and that he had succeeded in doing so and escaped.
`Abbaas then added, "What more! Muhammad, my nephew is now the groom to the daughter of the Jewish king, Huyay ibn Akhtab!"
The news was like a storm to them and they were stupefied! The news then keeps trickling to them to confirm what `Abbaas had told them, and this increased them in grief and sorrow.
Umm Al-Fadl remained in Makkah with her husband `Abbaas until after the treaty of Hudaybiyah. When the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, came to Makkah in the company of his companions to perform the `Umrah of Qada for which they stayed for three days in Makkah. He proposed marriage to Maymoonah, Umm Al-Fadl's sister, and a widow whose husband (Abu Rahm ibn `Abdul-`Uzza) died in the state of polytheism. She used to live in the house of her sister Umm Al-Fadl and under the protection of `Abbaas.
All of them then left Makkah, and `Abbaas and Umm Al-Fadl migrated to Madeenah with their entire household.
In Madeenah, Umm Al-Fadl was a frequent visitor to the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, house. She would either came to visit her sister Maymoonah or any of the Prophet's wives. All knew her and acknowledged her excellence.
One night, Umm Al-Fadl had a dream and came to the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, seeking his opinion concerning the dream. She said: "Messenger of Allaah, I saw it in my dream that a part of your body is in my house." The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, then answered her, "Faatimah (my daughter) will give birth to a boy whom you will nurse with the milk of Quthm (meaning her son)."
Dear reader, most of us would just make a passing reading of the event. If anything attracts one's attention it would not be more than the interpretation of this dream, popularly reported from the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam.
As regards the Prophet's saying `a boy' and with specification, this needs some introspection and reflection. This is in fact a manifestation of revelations and prophesies with which Allaah endowed His trustworthy Messenger and the seal of His Prophets, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam.
Faatimah, may Allaah be pleased with her, gave birth to Husayn and Umm Al-Fadl nursed him along with her son Quthm. When he was a few months' old, she brought the boy to his grandfather, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and sat him down in his lap. The boy urinated on the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and Umm Al-Fadl smacked him between his shoulders. The Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, then rebuked her, "You have hurt my son; may Allaah have mercy upon you!"
Umm Al-Fadl entered the household of the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, from its widest doors. She was a woman to keep an eye on in the Prophet's, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, household and she played an important role there.
There are authentic narrations indicating her understanding of the religion of Allaah. She performed the farewell pilgrimage with the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and in the company of her husband `Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him, and her children. What a great company and an honourable occasion!
The honour was greater in that the occasion was the day of `Arafaat when people where conjecturing on a matter they were unsure of.
They were asking one another: "Is the Prophet, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, fasting or not?"
Umm Al-Fadl performed an outstanding deed to dispel this rumour when she took a vessel of milk and brought it to the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, who received it from her and drank it. The people then knew that he was not fasting. So those among his companions who were fasting broke it.
There is no doubt that she had heard it before from the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam, that it is not permissible for the pilgrim to fast on the day of `Arafah. Thus, she dispelled the doubt of those who were doubtful, through her knowledge and deed.
It is enough a pride for Umm Al-Fadl, may Allaah be pleased with her, and a memory throughout generations, that she was the mother of `Abdullaah ibn `Abbaas, the learned of the Ummah, the interpreter of the Quran and the scholar among the companions! May Allaah be pleased with her and please her! May He also be pleased with all the companions!