منتديات إنما المؤمنون إخوة (2021 - 2010) The Believers Are Brothers
هل تريد التفاعل مع هذه المساهمة؟ كل ما عليك هو إنشاء حساب جديد ببضع خطوات أو تسجيل الدخول للمتابعة.

منتديات إنما المؤمنون إخوة (2021 - 2010) The Believers Are Brothers

(إسلامي.. دعوي.. تربوي.. ثقافي.. اجتماعي.. إعلامي.. طبي.. رياضي.. أدبي.. علمي.. تاريخي)
 
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السادة أعضاء وزوار المنتدى الأفاضل... أحيطكم علماً أنني قد بدأت تنسيق خطوط جميع مواضيع المنتدى والبالغ عددها أكثر من 32000 موضوع منذ مدة.. وقد وصلتُ بتوفيق الله تعالى في التنسيق حتى منتدى ( علوم الحديث الشريف) وإن شاء الله مستمر في التنسيق حتى آخر موضوع بالمنتدى... لذا أرجو المعذرة إذا وجدتَ موضوعاً خَطُّهُ غَيْرُ مُنَسَّقٌ.

قال الفيلسوف توماس كارليل في كتابه الأبطال عن رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم-: "لقد أصبح من أكبر العار على أي فرد مُتمدين من أبناء هذا العصر؛ أن يُصْغِي إلى ما يظن من أنَّ دِينَ الإسلام كَذِبٌ، وأنَّ مُحَمَّداً -صلى الله عليه وسلم- خَدَّاعٌ مُزُوِّرٌ، وآنَ لنا أنْ نُحارب ما يُشَاعُ من مثل هذه الأقوال السَّخيفة المُخْجِلَةِ؛ فإنَّ الرِّسَالة التي أدَّاهَا ذلك الرَّسُولُ ما زالت السِّراج المُنير مُدَّةَ اثني عشر قرناً، لنحو مائتي مليون من الناس أمثالنا، خلقهم اللهُ الذي خلقنا، (وقت كتابة الفيلسوف توماس كارليل لهذا الكتاب)، إقرأ بقية كتاب الفيلسوف توماس كارليل عن سيدنا محمد -صلى الله عليه وسلم-، على هذا الرابط: محمد بن عبد الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم-.

يقول المستشرق الإسباني جان ليك في كتاب (العرب): "لا يمكن أن توصف حياة محمد بأحسن مما وصفها الله بقوله: (وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِين) فكان محمدٌ رحمة حقيقية، وإني أصلي عليه بلهفة وشوق".
فَضَّلَ اللهُ مِصْرَ على سائر البُلدان، كما فَضَّلَ بعض الناس على بعض والأيام والليالي بعضها على بعض، والفضلُ على ضربين: في دِينٍ أو دُنْيَا، أو فيهما جميعاً، وقد فَضَّلَ اللهُ مِصْرَ وشَهِدَ لها في كتابهِ بالكَرَمِ وعِظَم المَنزلة وذَكَرَهَا باسمها وخَصَّهَا دُونَ غيرها، وكَرَّرَ ذِكْرَهَا، وأبَانَ فضلها في آياتٍ تُتْلَى من القرآن العظيم.
المهندس حسن فتحي فيلسوف العمارة ومهندس الفقراء: هو معماري مصري بارز، من مواليد مدينة الأسكندرية، وتخرَّجَ من المُهندس خانة بجامعة فؤاد الأول، اشْتُهِرَ بطرازهِ المعماري الفريد الذي استمَدَّ مَصَادِرَهُ مِنَ العِمَارَةِ الريفية النوبية المَبنية بالطوب اللبن، ومن البيوت والقصور بالقاهرة القديمة في العصرين المملوكي والعُثماني.
الشيخ علي الجرجاوي (رحمه الله) قَامَ برحلةٍ إلى اليابان العام 1906م لحُضُورِ مؤتمر الأديان بطوكيو، الذي دعا إليه الإمبراطور الياباني عُلَمَاءَ الأديان لعرض عقائد دينهم على الشعب الياباني، وقد أنفق على رحلته الشَّاقَّةِ من مَالِهِ الخاص، وكان رُكُوبُ البحر وسيلته؛ مِمَّا أتَاحَ لَهُ مُشَاهَدَةَ العَدِيدِ مِنَ المُدُنِ السَّاحِلِيَّةِ في أنحاء العالم، ويُعَدُّ أوَّلَ دَاعِيَةٍ للإسلام في بلاد اليابان في العصر الحديث.

تخليص الإبريز في تلخيص باريز: هو الكتاب الذي ألّفَهُ الشيخ "رفاعة رافع الطهطاوي" رائد التنوير في العصر الحديث كما يُلَقَّب، ويُمَثِّلُ هذا الكتاب علامة بارزة من علامات التاريخ الثقافي المصري والعربي الحديث.
رُبَّ ضَارَّةٍ نَافِعَةٍ.. فوائدُ فيروس كورونا غير المتوقعة للبشرية أنَّه لم يكن يَخطرُ على بال أحَدِنَا منذ أن ظهر وباء فيروس كورونا المُستجد، أنْ يكونَ لهذه الجائحة فوائدُ وإيجابيات ملموسة أفادَت كوكب الأرض.. فكيف حدث ذلك؟!...

 

 The Belief in Allaah… What Does it Mean?

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

عدد المساهمات : 31716
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The Belief in Allaah… What Does it Mean?  Untit509
The Belief in Allaah…
What Does it Mean?

By: Sh. Muhammad bin Saalih Al-'Uthaimeen
(rahimahullaah)
Rendered into English
By: Dr. Saleh As-Saleh
----------------------------------------------------
Part of the Book "Explanation of Fundamentals of Faith" by our Sh. Muhammad bin Saalih al-'Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah). See www.understand-islam.net (books section)
.

Belief In Allaah
The Belief in Allaah Comprises Four Matters:
First: The Belief in The Existence of Allaah:
The evidence for the existence of Allaah is established by:
1-Fitrah.
2-Reasoning.
3-Ash-Shar’a.1
4-Al-Hiss.2


1-Pertaining To The Proof of The Fitrah:
Every creature has been created in a state of belief in his Creator without preceding thought or education. No one dissuades from what is necessitated by this Fitrah (i.e. the belief in Allaah), except the one whose heart has been subjected to what averts it from its (natural course of) Fitrah, as the Prophet explained when he said:

“Each child is born in a state of “Fitrah,” but his parents make him a Jew or a Christian.”3

2-The Evidence of “Reasoning”:
All of the creatures, the first and the subsequent ones, must have a Creator Who brought them to existence because they neither can bring themselves into existence, nor they could have come to exist by coincidence!

The creatures could not have brought themselves to existence because a thing does not create itselfsince prior to its existence it was nothing. So how could it be a Creator?

And it cannot accidentally bring itself into being, because every occurrence (novelty, etc.) must need an originator. Also because its existence in such highly magnificent order and homogenous coordination, and due to the coherent relationship between the means and their causes, and the creatures with one another, it is rather absolutely impossible that its very being is coincidental. (In fact), what is (believed) to exist as a result of coincidence does not follow an
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1- Revealed texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah.
2- Lit: perception, sensation, sensory. Pertaining to the evidences about Allaah’s existence, al-Hiss means, that which is perceptible through the senses. [TN]. {TN refers to "Translator's Note}.
3- Related by Imaam al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh, vol.8, pp.389-90, hadeeth # 597.

Ordered pattern at the beginning of its existence. So how could it remain to be ordered during its course of survival and development?

So, if it is impossible that the creatures have either brought themselves into existence or that they came to exist by coincidence, then it becomes evident that they must have a Creator, and He is Allaah, the Rabb (Lord) of the Worlds.

Allaah (Almighty) stated the above rational and decisive proof in soorat at-Tur, Saying: Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? [Qur’aan 52:35], which means that they were neither created without a Creator, nor they were the creators of themselves. It becomes clear, therefore, that their Creator is Allaah. That is why when Jubair bin Mut’im heard Allaah’s Messenger reciting soorat at-Tur, and when he reached the verses:

Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they have no firm belief. Or are the treasures of your Rabb with them? Or are they the tyrants with the authority to do as they like?4, Jubair, who was then a Mushrik (polytheist), commented: “My heart was about to fly (i.e. upon hearing this firm argument).”5 In another separate narration, he said: “And that was the time when Eemaan was first settled in my heart.”6

Let us give a parable that clarifies this matter:
If someone tells you about a lofty palace, surrounded by gardens with rivers flowing in between, fully furnished with beds and matters, and decorated with all kinds of ornaments, the basics, and the luxurious, then he says to you: “This palace in all of its perfection, has founded itself, or that it came to exist by coincidence, without a founder!” Immediately you will deny and reject his argument, and you will consider his talk as ridiculous. (With this in mind), is it, therefore, possible that this universe with its extended earth, skies, planets, conditions, wonderful and splendid order, could have brought itself into existence? Or that it came to exist without a Creator?
---------------------------------------------
4- Qur’aan 52:35-37.
5- Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, vol. 6, pp. 356-358, hadeeth # 377.
6- Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, V. 5, p. 236, hadeeth # 358.



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3-The Al-Shar’a7 Evidence For The Existence of Allaah:
Al-Shar’a is evidence for the existence of Allaah because all of the revealed Scriptures state so. The Laws that address the welfare of creation and which are provided by these Scriptures, constitute evidence that they came from an AllWise Rabb Who knows about the welfare and interests of His Creation. The information about the universe brought forth by the Scriptures and whose manifestation testifies for their truthfulness, is a proof that they came from the (One) Rabb Who is Able to bring into being whatever He already informed about.

4-Al-Hiss:
The “Physical” Evidence For The Existence of Allaah Comprises Two Aspects: One of them is that we hear and witness (Allaah’s) response to the call of those who supplicate and those who are distressed and grieved. This constitutes an unequivocal evidence for the existence of Allaah.

He (Almighty) says:
And (remember) Noah, when he cried (to Us) aforetime. We listened to his invocation. (Qur’aan 21:76).

He, (Almighty) also says:
(Remember) when you sought help of your Rabb and He answered you. (Qur’aan 8:9).

In Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, it is reported that Anas bin Maalik (May Allah be pleased with him) said that: “Once in the lifetime of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) the people were afflicted with drought. While the Prophet ((Peace be upon him)) was delivering the Khutbah (religious talk) on a Friday, a Bedouin stood up and said: ‘O Allaah’s Messenger! Our possessions are being destroyed and the children are hungry; please invoke Allaah (for rain). So the Prophet ((Peace be upon him)) raised his hands (invoked Allaah for rain). At that time there was not a trace of cloud in the sky. By Him, in Whose Hands my soul is, clouds gathered like mountains, and before he got
---------------------------------------------
7- Al-Shar’a: Islamic Texts and Legislations in the Qur’aan and Sunnah.[TN].

down from the pulpit, I saw the rain falling on his (Peace be upon him) beard. It rained that day, the next day, the third day, the fourth day till the next Friday. The same Bedouin or another man stood up and said: ‘O Allaah’s Messenger! The houses have collapsed, our possessions and livestock have been drowned; please invoke Allaah for us (to stop the rain).’ So the Prophet (Peace be upon him) raised bot  his hands and said: ‘O Allaah! Round about us and not on us.’ So, in whatever direction he pointed with his hands, the clouds dispersed and cleared away...”8

Responding to the invocations of the supplicants who sincerely resort to Allaah (alone) and fulfill the required conditions for Ijaabah9 is a matter that is still being witnessed nowadays.

The second aspect is that the Signs of the Prophets which are called Mu’jizaat (Miracles) and which people see or hear about, constitute an irrevocable evidence for the existence of the One who dispatched them: that is Allaah.

Certainly these matters (Mu’jizaat) are beyond the capability of mankind and that Allaah manifests them to help and support His Messengers. For example, the Sign given to Musa  when Allaah commanded him to strike the sea with his stick. He stroke it and the sea parted into twelve dry roads separated by water which became like huge mountains.

Allaah (Almighty) says:
Then We inspired Musa (Saying): “Strike the sea with your stick.” And it parted, and each separate part (of that sea water) became like the huge, firm mass of a mountain. (Qur’aan 26:63).

Another example is the Sign given to Eesaa (Jesus ) by which he was able to bring life to the dead and bring forth the dead from their graves by Allaah’s Leave.

Allaah spoke about him, saying:
And I bring the dead to life by Allaah’s Leave. (Qur’aan 3:49)

And when you brought forth the dead by My Permission. (Qur’aan 5:110).

A third example is that of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) when the tribe of Qureish asked him to show them a Sign (a miracle as a proof for his Prophethood).10 He (Peace be upon him) pointed to the moon and (behold!) it split asunder and the people saw it.  
----------------------------------------
8- Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, V.2, hadeeth # 55.
9- Ijaabah: Answering the Du’aa of the supplicant by Allaah. [TN]
10- Narrated Anas : “The people of Makkah asked the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to show them a sign (miracle). So he showed them (the miracle) of the cleaving of the moon.” Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, vol .6, hadeeth # 390. [TN].

Regarding this (Sign) Allaah (Almighty) said:
The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft, and if they see a sign, they turn away, and say: “This is continuous magic.” (Qur’aan 54:1-2).

All of these physical signs (miracles) which Allaah puts into effect to help and support His Messengers constitute an irrevocable proof for His Existence.

Second:
Belief in Allaah’s Lordship (Ruboobiyyah):
This means to believe that Allaah is the only Rabb without a partner or a helper.

The Rabb is the One to Whom belongs the Creation, Kingdom, and Command;

Their is no Creator but Allaah; No Maalik (Possessor) except Him11, and there is no Command but His.

He, Most High, says:
His is the Creation and Commandment. (Qur’aan 7:54).

Allaah also said:
“Such is Allaah your Rabb; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmeer (the thin membrane over the date-stone).”12 (Qur’aan 35:13).

It is not known that anyone had denied the Ruboobiyyah of Allaah  except an arrogant who does not believe what he says, like what happened to the Pharaoh when he said to his people: I am your rabb, most high. (Qur’aan 79:24).
-------------------------------------------
11- Allaah, Most Great, is the Possessor of every possessor. He permits whom He wishes to possess. Allaah possesses all the treasures of the heavens and the Earth. All the good is in His Hand, He gives to whom He wishes and takes from whom He wishes. Everything is in need of Allaah. [TN].
12- This great verse is a reminder for those who invoke upon the dead or the absent person(s) seeking help and refuge in them, that those whom you seek and call upon instead of Allaah don’t possess even a Qitmeer. They cannot help themselves let alone those who call upon them. Those who seek refuge or intercession through the righteous in their graves have not correctly estimated Allaah as the One who gives and takes, the One who provides and sustains, the One who loves to be invoked Alone, etc. [TN].



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And:


O chiefs! I know not that you have an ilaah (a god) other than me. (Qur’aan 28:38).


 

What he said was not a matter of conviction.


 

Allaah (Almighty) said:


And they belied them (the aayaat: proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their ownselves were convinced thereof [i.e. the aayaat are from Allaah, and Musa  is the Messenger of Allaah in truth, but they disliked to obey Musa, and hated to believe in his Message of Tawheed.] (Qur’aan 27:14).


 

Allaah related what Musa  told the Pharaoh:


(Musa) said: “Verily, you know that these signs have been sent down by none but the Rabb of the heavens and the earth as clear (evidences i.e. proofs of Allaah's Oneness and His Omnipotence etc.). And I think you are, indeed, O Pharaoh doomed to destruction (away from all good)!” (Qur’aan 17:102).


 

For this reason, the Mushrikeen (the pagan Arabs) used to acknowledge the Lordship of Allaah  despite committing Shirk in His Uloohiyyah.


 

Allaah (Almighty) said:


Say: "Whose is the earth and whosoever is therein? If you know!’ They will say: ‘It is Allaah’s!’ Say: ‘Will you not then remember?’ Say: ‘Who is (the) Rabb of the seven heavens, and (the) Rabb the Great ‘Arsh (Throne)?" They will say: ‘Allaah.’ Say: ‘Will you not then fear Allaah (believe in His Oneness, obey Him, believe in the Resurrection and Recompense for each and every good or bad deed).' Say: ‘In Whose Hand is the sovereignty of everything (i.e. treasures of each and everything)? And He protects (all), while against Whom there is no protector13, if you know.’ They will say: “All that (belongs) to Allaah.” Say: ‘How then are you deceived and turn away from the truth?’ (Qur’aan 23:84-89).


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13- If Allaah saves anyone none can punish or harm him, and if Allaah punishes or harms anyone none can save him. [See Tafseer al-Qurtubee, vol.12, p.145 ].

 

He (Almighty) also said:


And indeed if you ask them, “Who has created the heavens and the earth?” They will surely say: “The All-Mighty, the All-Knower created them.” (Qur’aan 43:9).


 

He further said:


And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say: “Allaah”. How then are they turned away (from the worship of Allaah Who created them)?” (Qur’aan 43:87).


 

The Command of ar-Rabb (Allaah) comprises both the al-Kawnee (Universal) and the ash-Shar’ee (Legal or Judicial) Commands. Just as He is the One Who runs the affairs of the universe, Ruling it as He wants and in accordance with what is necessitated by His Wisdom, He is also the Judge Who rules it by means of Legislations that deals with 'Ibaadaat14 and Laws governing all forms of Mu’aamalaat,15 in conformity with His Wisdom. So, whoever sets up a legislator besides Allaah in Ibaadaat or a judge in Mu’aamalaat, commits Shirk and does not ascertain the Eemaan.


 

Third: Belief in Allaah’s Worship (Uloohiyyah):


It is the belief that Allaah alone is the true Ilaah who has no partner or associate.


 

The Ilaah means al-Ma’looh i.e. al-Ma’bood, the only true God who deserves to be worshipped out of love and magnification.


 

Allaah (Almighty) said:


And your Ilaah is one Ilaah, E هHI إKL إI Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (There is no true God worthy of worship but He), ar-Rahmaan (Whose Mercy encompasses everything), the Most Merciful. (Qur’aan 2:163).


 

He also said:


Allaah Bears witness that Laa Ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice. Laa ilaaha illa Huwa, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (Qur’aan 3:18).


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14- 'Ibaadaat: Acts of worship done sincerely for Allaah’s sake and in accordance with evidence from Qur’aan and (or) authentic Sunnah. [TN].

15- Mu’aamalaat: All forms of mutual relations, treatment, procedures, behavior, conduct, and interactions including social, business, transactions, etc. [TN].


 

All that is being taken as an ilaah (god) worshipped as god besides Allaah, its wotship is false.


 

Allaah (Almighty) says:


That is because Allaah-He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and those besides Him whom they (the polytheists) invoke-they are but Baatil (vain Falsehood). And verily, Allaah,-He is the Most High, the Most Great. (Qur’aan 22:62)


 

Calling them aaliha (gods) does not entitle them to the right of Uloohiyyah. Allaah (Almighty) said describing the pagan deities of al-laat, al-’Uz-zaa, and Minaat that: They are but names which you have named,-you and your fathers,-for which Allaah sent down no authority. (Qur’aan 53:23).16


 

He (Allaah) told us that Yusuf said to his two companions of the jail:


O two companions of the prison! Are many different arbaab (lords) better or Allaah, the One, Al-Qahhaar17? You don’t worship besides Him but only names which you have named (forged), you and your fathers, for which Allaah has sent down no authority. (Qur’aan 12:39-40).


 

For this reason, the Messengers, may the Salaah and Salaam of Allaah be upon them, used to say to their respective nations: Worship Allaah! You have no other Ilaah (God) but Him. (Qur’aan 7:59,65,73,85; 11:50,61,84; 23:23,32).


 

The Mushrikeen, however, refused and set up gods as rivals to Allaah, worshipping them besides Allaah, and seeking their support and help. Allaah (Almighty) invalidated their acts by two proofs: Dispute you with me over names which you have named-you and your fathers, with no authority from Allaah? (Qur’aan 7:71).


-------------------------------------------------

16- Allaah said that Hud told his people:

17- Allaah is Al-Qahhaar: He subdued all creatures and all the elements of the loftiest and lowest worlds; nothing occurs or moves without His Permission. Everything of His Creation is in need of Him. His Irresistibility is linked to His Perfect Living, Power, and Ability. [TN].



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أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
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أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

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First:
There is not any Divine Quality in the gods they worshipped besides Allaah. These gods are created and cannot create and extend neither benefit to their worshippers nor can they ward off harm from them; they can neither give them life, nor cause their death; they possess nothing from the heavens and have no share in it.

Allaah (Almighty) said:
They have taken besides Him other gods that created nothing but are themselves created, and possess neither hurt nor benefit to themselves, and possess no power (of causing) death, nor (of giving) life, nor of raising the dead. (Qur’aan 25:3).

Allaah (Almighty) also said:
Say: (O Muhammad  to those polytheists, pagans, etc.) “Call upon those whom you asset (to be associate gods) besides Allaah, they possess not even the weight of a small ant,-either in the heavens or on the earth, nor have they any share in either, nor there is for Him any supporter from among them. Intercession with Him profits not, except for him Whom He permits. (Qur’aan 34:22-23).

Do they attribute as partners to Allaah those who created nothing but they themselves are created? No help can they give them, nor can they help themselves. (Qur’aan 7:191-192).

If this is the situation with those gods, then worshipping them as gods besides Allaah is the utmost of foolishness and falsehood.

Second:
Those Mushrikeen used to confess that Allaah Alone is Ar-Rabb AlKhaaliq (the Creator) in Whose Hand is the Sovereignty of everything and He protects (all), while against Whom there is no protector.18

This (confession) necessitates that they should have attested that He is the Only True ilaah (god) worthy of worship as they have done with His Lordship (when they took Him as their only true Rabb).
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18- If Allaah saves anyone none can punish or harm him, and if Allaah punishes or harms anyone none can save him. See Translation of the Meaning of the Noble Qur’aan by al-Hilaalee and Khaan, soorat al-Mu’minoon, verse 88, p.534, quoting from Tafseer al-Qurtubee, vol.12, p.145.

In this regard Allaah said:
O mankind! Worship your Rabb (Allaah), Who created you and those before you so that you may become pious. Who has made the earth a resting place and the sky as a canopy, and sent down rain from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not setup up rivals unto Allaah (in worship) while you know (that He alone has the right to be worshipped). (Qur’aan 2: 21-22).

He also said:
And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say: “Allaah.” How then are they turned away (from the worship of Allaah, Who created them)? (Qur’aan 43:87).

Say: Who provides for you from the sky and from the earth? Or Who owns hearing and sight? And Who brings out the living from the dead and the dead from the living? And Who disposes the affairs? They will say: “Allaah.” Will you not then be afraid of Allaah’s Punishment (for worshipping other than Him)?”

Such is Allaah, you Rabb, in truth. So, apart from Truth, what (remains) but error? So, how then you are turned away? (Qur’aan 10:31-32).

FOURTH: Belief in Allaah’s Names and Sifaat (Attributes):
It means to affirm the Names and Attributes which Allaah affirmed to Himself in His Book and in the Sunnah of His Messenger  in the way that best fits Him without

Tahreef (distortion of the meaning),
Ta’teel (negating the meaning),
Takyeef, (assigning a manner to any attribute), or
Tamtheel (drawing parallels to Allaah).

Allaah (Almighty) said:
And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do. (Qur’aan 7:180).

He also said:
His is the highest description (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but He, and there is nothing comparable unto Him) in the heavens and in the earth. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (Qur’aan 30:27).

And there is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. (Qur’aan 42:11).

Two sects went astray regarding this matter:
The First Sect: Al-Mu’atilah, who negated all or some of Allaah’s Names and Attributes claiming that affirming Allaah’s Names and Sifaat necessitates Tashbeeh (drawing similarities between Allaah and His creation)!

This claim is surely false in many respects, including:
First:

It necessitates false obligations like contradiction in the words of Allaah, far removed is He from every imperfection. This is so because Allaah affirmed the Names and Attributes to Himself and negated the likeness of anything unto Him. Had its affirmation necessitated the Tashbeeh, then it would imply contradiction in the Speech of Allaah and that its parts refute one another.

Second:
It is not necessary that agreement in Name or Attribute between two things obligates likeness between them. Indeed you see two people in a state of agreement where each is a hearing, seeing, and speaking human. In no way this necessitate likeness neither in the human values nor in the hearing, sight, and speech. You see that animals have hands, legs, and eyes. This kind of agreement does not necessitate that their hands, legs, and eyes are like each other. If this distinction in the agreement in Names and qualities amongst the created things is clear, then the distinction between the Creator and the created thing is greater and more evident.
The Second Sect: The Mushabbiha who affirm Allaah’s Names and Attributes but make Tashbeeh (draw similarities) between Allaah and His Creation, claiming that this is what is necessitated by the meaning of the texts on the ground that Allaah addresses the ‘Ibaad (mankind) according to their understanding!

Such a claim is false in many respects, including:
First: The Mushaabaha (likeness) of Allaah to His creation is a false concept that is negated by the Shar’a as well as reasoning. Thus it is impossible that a false matter is necessitated by the texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah.

Second: Allaah addressed mankind according to their understanding of the basic meanings of His Names and Attributes. However, the knowledge of the essence and true nature of meanings regarding His Dhaat (Essence) and Sifaat (Attributes) exclusively belongs to Allaah Alone.

So, if Allaah affirms to Himself that He is All-Hearer, then the Hearing is known from the understanding of the basic meaning, which is the comprehension of voices. However, the essence of this meaning with respect to the Hearing of Allaah is unknown because the essence of hearing is distinct even amongst the created. Certainly, the distinction between the hearing of the created and that of the Creator is greater and more evident.

It is known that if Allaah mentioned about Himself that He Istawaa ‘alal-’Arsh19, then the Istiwaa’ according to the basic meaning is known (means: ascendance), however, the manner (the ‘how’) of His ascension above His ‘Arsh is unknown, because the essence of the Istiwaa’ amongst the creatures is distinct. The Istiwaa’ on a firmly stable chair is not the same as that on the saddle of an unyielding and easily frightened camel. When this is distinct with respect to the creatures, then it is greater and more evident between the Creator and the creature.

The belief in Allaah according to what we have described above yields great benefits to the believers:
First:
The true manifestation of the Tawheed of Allaah dX such that there is no attachment to other than Him in hope, fear, and worship.

Second:
The perfect Love, Magnification and Exaltation of Allaah dX as obligated by His Most Beautiful Names and Sublime Attributes.

Third:
Manifesting our worship of Him by doing what He commands and avoiding what He forbade.
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19- Istawaa ‘alal-’Arsh: Ascended the Throne (in the manner that suits His Majesty). [TN].

Source:
https://abdurrahman.org/2011/06/16/the-belief-in-allaahwhat-does-it-mean/



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