منتديات إنما المؤمنون إخوة (2021 - 2010) The Believers Are Brothers
سم الله الرحمن الرحيم..
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منتديات إنما المؤمنون إخوة (2021 - 2010) The Believers Are Brothers
هل تريد التفاعل مع هذه المساهمة؟ كل ما عليك هو إنشاء حساب جديد ببضع خطوات أو تسجيل الدخول للمتابعة.

منتديات إنما المؤمنون إخوة (2021 - 2010) The Believers Are Brothers

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم كل معاني الحب والتقدير أقدمها لكم في "إدارة منتديات أحلى منتدى" يا خير مَنْ أدَّى العمل وحقَّق الأهداف، وأتمنَّى من الله العظيم أن يُمتعكم بموفور الصِّحة والعافية، وأن يُبارك في جهودكم المبذولة، وأن يجزيكم عنَّا خير الجزاء، فقد عاش معكم منتدى "إنما المؤمنون إخوة" عاماً كاملاً يحظي بموفور العناية وبكامل الرعاية منكم ومن تقنياتكم، وكانت هديتكم الرائعة (عام كامل في الوضع المتطور مجاناً)، بمناسبة العام العاشر من انطلاقة المنتدى من قاعدة بيانات "أحلى منتدى" بدون انقطاع، فشكراً لكم على هذا الجهد الذي بذلتموه، والذي لمسته في كل أيام العام الذي انقضى. فشكرًا لكم. وجزاكم الله خير الجزاء. أحمد محمد أحمد لبن مؤسس ومدير منتديات إنما المؤمنون إخوة (2021 - 2010) The Believers Are Brothers

يقول المستشرق الإسباني جان ليك في كتاب (العرب): "لا يمكن أن توصف حياة محمد بأحسن مما وصفها الله بقوله: (وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِين) فكان محمدٌ رحمة حقيقية، وإني أصلي عليه بلهفة وشوق"، وتقول المستشرقة الإيطالية (لورافيشيا فاغليري): "كان محمد المتمسك دائمًا بالمبادئ الإلهية شديد التسامح، وبخاصة نحو أتباع الأديان المُوحَّدة، لقد عرف كيف يتذرع بالصبر مع الوثنيين، مصطنعًا الأناة دائمًا..." ويقول المستشرق الفرنسي (جوستاف لوبون): "كان محمد -صَلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلّمَ- يقابل ضروب الأذى والتعذيب بالصبر وسعة الصدر... فعامل محمد -صَلّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلّمَ- قريشًا الذين ظلوا أعداءً له عشرين سنة، بلطف وحِلم" اقرأ المزيد على هذا الرابط: أعظم إنسان عرفته البشرية (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

قطوف من الشمائل المُحَمَّدية: قال الله تعالى: (لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللّهُ عَلَى الْمُؤمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِيهِمْ رَسُولاً مِّنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلالٍ مُّبِينٍ( اقرأ المزيد على هذا الرابط: قطوف من الشمائل المُحَمَّدية.

رُبَّ ضَارَّةٍ نَافِعَةٍ.. فوائدُ فيروس كورونا غير المتوقعة للبشرية أنَّه لم يكن يَخطرُ على بال أحَدِنَا منذ أن ظهر وباء فيروس كورونا المُستجد، أنْ يكونَ لهذه الجائحة فوائدُ وإيجابيات ملموسة أفادَت كوكب الأرض.. فكيف حدث ذلك؟!... اقرأ المزيد والمزيد على هذا الرابط: فوائد فيروس كورونا.
قال الفيلسوف توماس كارليل في كتابه الأبطال عن رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم-: "لقد أصبح من أكبر العار على أي فرد مُتمدين من أبناء هذا العصر؛ أن يُصْغِي إلى ما يظن من أنَّ دِينَ الإسلام كَذِبٌ، وأنَّ مُحَمَّداً -صلى الله عليه وسلم- خَدَّاعٌ مُزُوِّرٌ، وآنَ لنا أنْ نُحارب ما يُشَاعُ من مثل هذه الأقوال السَّخيفة المُخْجِلَةِ؛ فإنَّ الرِّسَالة التي أدَّاهَا ذلك الرَّسُولُ ما زالت السِّراج المُنير مُدَّةَ اثني عشر قرناً، لنحو مائتي مليون من الناس أمثالنا، خلقهم اللهُ الذي خلقنا، (وقت كتابة الفيلسوف توماس كارليل لهذا الكتاب)، أفكان أحَدُكُمْ يَظُنُّ أنَّ هذه الرِّسَالَةَ التي عاش بها ومَاتَ عليها الملايين الفائقة الحَصْرِ والإحصاء كِذْبَةٌ وخِدْعَةٌ؟، أمَّا أنَا فلا أستطيع أنْ أرَى هذا الرَّأيَ أبَداً، ولو أنَّ الكَذِبَ والغِشَّ يروجان عند خلق الله هذا الرَّوَاج، ويُصَادِفَانِ منهم مثل ذلك التَّصديق والقَبُول، فما النَّاسُ إلا بُلْهٌ أو مجانين، وما الحَيَاةُ إلا سَخَفٌ وَعَبَثٌ وأضْلُولَةٌ، كان الأوْلَى ألّا تُخْلَق"، إقرأ بقية كتاب الفيلسوف توماس كارليل عن سيدنا محمد -صلى الله عليه وسلم-، على هذا الرابط: محمد بن عبد الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم-.

تخليص الإبريز في تلخيص باريز: هو الكتاب الذي ألّفَهُ الشيخ: "رفاعة رافع الطهطاوي" رائد التنوير في العصر الحديث كما يُلَقَّب، ويُمَثِّلُ هذا الكتاب علامة بارزة من علامات التاريخ الثقافي المصري والعربي الحديث، فهو بلا شك وَاحِدٌ من أهم الكُتُبِ العربية التي وضِعَتْ خلال النصف الأول من القرن التاسع عشر، وقد كتبه "الطهطاوي" بعدما رَشَّحَهُ الشيخ حسن العطّار شيخ الأزهر وقتها إلى محمد علي باشا حاكم مصر آنذاك بأن يكون مُشرفاً على رحلة البعثة الدراسية المصرية المتوجهة إلى باريس في فرنسا، ليرعى الطلبة هناك، ويُسَجِّل أفعالهم... إقرأ التفاصيل الكاملة للرحلة على الرابط: تخليص الإبريز في تلخيص باريز للطهطاوي.
الشيخ علي الجرجاوي (رحمه الله) قَامَ برحلةٍ إلى اليابان العام 1906م لحُضُورِ مؤتمر الأديان بطوكيو، الذي دعا إليه الإمبراطور الياباني عُلَمَاءَ الأديان لعرض عقائد دينهم على الشعب الياباني، وقد أنفق على رحلته الشَّاقَّةِ من مَالِهِ الخاص، وكان رُكُوبُ البحر وسيلته؛ مِمَّا أتَاحَ لَهُ مُشَاهَدَةَ العَدِيدِ مِنَ المُدُنِ السَّاحِلِيَّةِ في أنحاء العالم، ويُعَدُّ أوَّلَ دَاعِيَةٍ للإسلام في بلاد اليابان في العصر الحديث؛ فقد أسَّسَ هو وأحَدُ الدُّعَاةِ من بلاد الهند مَرْكَزًا للدَّعْوَةِ الإسلامية بمدينة طوكيو، وأسْلَمَ على يديه أكثر من 12 ألف ياباني، وأهْدَاهُ إمبراطور اليابان سَاعَةً نفيسة تقديرًا لمجهُودَاتِهِ، كذلك كان من أوائل مَنْ تَصَدَّوْا لدَعَاوَى بعض المُستشرقين ومُفتريَاتِهِمْ على الإسلام، اقرأ الرحلة كاملة من هذا الرابط: الرحلة اليابانية للشيخ علي الجرجاوي.

المهندس حسن فتحي فيلسوف العمارة ومهندس الفقراء: هو معماري مصري بارز، من مواليد مدينة الأسكندرية، وتخرَّجَ من المُهندس خانة بجامعة فؤاد الأول، اشْتُهِرَ بطرازهِ المعماري الفريد الذي استمَدَّ مَصَادِرَهُ مِنَ العِمَارَةِ الريفية النوبية المَبنية بالطوب اللبن، ومن البيوت والقصور بالقاهرة القديمة في العصرين المملوكي والعُثماني، وتُعَدُّ قرية القرنة التي بناها لتقطنها 3200 أسرة، جزءاً من تاريخ البناء الشعبي الذي أسَّسَهُ بما يُعرَفُ بعمارة الفقراء... للمزيد اقرأ :عمارة الفقراء للمهندس حسن فتحي.
فَضَّلَ اللهُ مِصْرَ على سائر البُلدان، كما فَضَّلَ بعض الناس على بعض والأيام والليالي بعضها على بعض، والفضلُ على ضربين: في دِينٍ أو دُنْيَا، أو فيهما جميعاً، وقد فَضَّلَ اللهُ مِصْرَ وشَهِدَ لها في كتابهِ بالكَرَمِ وعِظَم المَنزلة وذَكَرَهَا باسمها وخَصَّهَا دُونَ غيرها، وكَرَّرَ ذِكْرَهَا، وأبَانَ فضلها في آياتٍ تُتْلَى من القرآن العظيم، تُنْبِئُ عن مِصْرَ َوأحوالها، وأحوال الأنبياء بها، والأمم الخالية والمُلوكِ الماضية، والآيات البيِّناتِ، يشهدُ لها بذلك القرآنُ، وكَفَى به شهيداً، وكذلك رُوِيَ عن النبي -صلى اللهُ عليه وسلم- في مِصْرَ وفي عَجَمِهَا خاصَّة وذِكْرِهِ لقرابتهِم ورَحِمِهِمْ ومُبَارَكَتِهِ عليهم وعلى بلدهِمْ وحَثِّهِ على بِرِّهِمْ ما لم يُرْو عنه في قوم مِنَ العَجَمِ غيرهم، وسنذكرُ ذلك إنْ شاءَ اللهُ في موضعهِ مع ما خصَّها اللهُ به مِنَ الخِصْبِ والفَضْلِ ومَا أنزلَ فيها مِنَ البركاتِ وأخرج منها مِنَ الأنبياءِ والعُلماءِ والحُكَمَاءِ والخَوَاصِّ والمُلوكِ والعجائبِ بما لم يُخَصِّصْ اللهُ به بلداً غيرها، ولا أرضاً سِوَاهَا... للمزيد اقرأ: فضائل مصر المحروسة.
مُعجزةُ الإسراءِ والمِعراج: الإسراءُ بالنبي -صلى اللهُ عليه وسلم- مِنَ المَسْجِدِ الحرامِ في مَكَّةَ المُكَرَّمَةِ إلي المَسْجِدِ الأقصَى في فلسطينَ وبجسدهِ الشريفِ في ليلةٍ واحدةٍ، كانَ حدثاً فريداً ومُعجزةً ربانيَّة خَصَّ اللهُ تعالي بها نَبِيَّهُ -صلى اللهُ عليه وسلم-، حتي أنَّ اللهَ تعالي كَلّمَهُ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ دُونَ وَاسِطَةٍ بينهُما.. قال اللهُ تعالي: (سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلًا مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الْأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ لِنُرِيَهُ مِنْ آَيَاتِنَا إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ)، وسيدنا أنَسُ ابنُ مَالكٍ -رضي اللهُ عنه- يَرْوِي لنا المُعْجِزَةَ كما سَمِعَهَا من النبي -صلى اللهُ عليه وسلم-، على هذا العنوان: معجزة الإسراء والمعراج.

 

 Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

عدد المساهمات : 30003
العمر : 68

Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood   Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Emptyالإثنين 23 نوفمبر 2020, 2:08 pm

Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood 1047111

The Manifest Truth in Defense of the Most Trustworthy One
By: Dr. Qadlah bint Muhammad al-Qahtaani
A Free English Adaptation
By: Abdur-Raafi‘ A. Al-Imaam
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Contents
Introduction
Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood
- His Being Supported with Great Miracles of which the Qur’aan is the Greatest
- His Well-known Excellent Qualities before and after Being Commissioned as Prophet
- Stories of Past Prophets and Nations
- Prophets are Natural Human Phenomenon
- Muhammad’s Being Sent at a Time when Humanity was in Dire Need of a Messenger
- News of Muhammad’s Prophethood in Past Scriptures
Chapter Two: Universality of Muhammad’s Message
- The Qur’aan Being Revealed in Arabic Language Does not Contradict the Universality of Islaam
Chapter Three: Misconceptions about Muhammad’s Prophethood
- Misconception One: The Muhammad was a magician
- Misconception Two: That the revelation was a product of Muhammad’s imagination
- Misconception Three: That the Qur’aan was composed of Extracts from other Religions
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- Misconception Four: That the Revelation phenomenon was no more than a result of a nervous condition Muhammad was suffering from
- Misconception Five: That Muhammad was doubtful of the revelation
Conclusion

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Introduction
All praise is due to Allaah, Lord of all the worlds. We praise Him; we seek for His help, forgiveness and guidance. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evils of our own souls and misdeeds. None can mislead whomsoever Allaah guides, and none can guide whomsoever Allaah causes to go astray.

I testify that there is no deity worthy of being worshiped except Allaah. He is One and He has no partner. I equally testify that Muhammad is the servant of Allaah and His Messenger.

The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam conveyed the Message, discharged the trust, advised the Ummah and fought in the way of Allaah as he should.

To proceed, in the light of the heinous and malicious attack being currently launched against the personality of our Prophet, Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam, as represented by the Norwegian and Danish media campaigns, which aimed at tarnishing the image of the Prophet of Islaam, it then becomes obligatory upon the Muslims to rise up and support their noble Prophet and defend him with their lives and properties, in demonstration of their love for him and in giving him preference over their own lives, properties and children. This is the evidence of the true and sincere faith. The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam said, in a hadeeth recorded by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim, “None of you would truly believe until I am dearer to him than his children, parents and all people.”
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However, I would like to emphasize here that, no matter how vicious and malicious these attack may be, they can never, in the least, diminish the status of the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam in the hearts of the people, regardless of their religions, sects or ideologies. For, all fair-minded men acknowledged his greatness, and he is enormously respected by even his enemies throughout history.

Historians have mentioned how the Christian kings would honour the Prophet’s letters to them.

Ibn Hajar said, “As-Suhaili reported that he was informed that Heraclius, the then Roman Emperor, put the Prophet’s message to him in a golden tube out of respect for him, and that the letter was inherited generation after generation until it ended up in the hand of the European king who conquered Toledo.1 It then fell into the hand of his grandson. Some of our companions informed me that Abdul-Malik ibn Sa’d, one of the Muslims’ commanded met with that king and showed him the letter. When the latter saw it, he shed tears and asked Abdul-Malik to allow him to kiss it but he refused.”

Alphonse de LaMartaine, the French scholar, said about Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam:
“If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and astonishing results are the three criteria of a human genius, who could dare compare any great man in history with Muhammad? The most famous men created arms, laws, and empires only. They founded, 1 It is a town is Spain
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if anything at all, no more than material powers which often crumbled away before their eyes. This man moved not only armies, legislations, empires, peoples, dynasties, but millions of men in one-third of the then inhabited world; and more than that, he moved the altars, the gods, the religions, the ideas, the beliefs and the souls.”1

The English thinker George Bernard Shaw, in his book,’ ‘The Genuine Islam’2 wrote:
“If any religion had the chance of ruling over England, nay Europe within the next hundred years, it could be Islam. I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only religion which appears to me to possess that assimilating capacity to the changing phase of existence which can make itself appeal to every age. I have studied him - the wonderful man and in my opinion for from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness: I have prophesied about the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable to the Europe of tomorrow as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today.”
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1 See: 'Historie de la Turquie,' Lamartine, Paris, 1854, Vol. II, pp. 276-277. Paris, 1854
2 Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936

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This is just to mention a few examples.
I feel that there is a great victory for Islaam in these attacks; for they could lead to the spread of the religion in Europe, America and the world at large.

It is in the light of this that I decided to write this treatise as a way of supporting our beloved Prophet, Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam. This is the least we can do.

I beseech Allaah the Exalted to accept this effort and make it sincere for His sake. I also ask Him to resurrect me and all those who support the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam and defend his religion in his company and to bless us with drinking from his noble Lake-Fountain after which we shall never be thirsty.

Peace and blessing be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his household and companions.
Dr Qadhlah bint Muhammad Al-Qahtani
Head Supervisor, General Administration for Islamic Education Units,
Ministry of Education and; Former Lecturer, College of Social Services
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Chapter One
Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood
That Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam is Prophet of Allaah is an indisputable fact. Disputing such a clear fact is tantamount to denying Allaah’s Lordship and His exclusive right to be worshipped. It is also tantamount to denying all divine books and ordainments and the prophethood of all the Prophets who came before him.

This is because; the divine messages that came before him could only be known in their proper forms through Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam. All Prophets who came before him predicted his coming. Therefore, belying him implies belying the Messengers who came before him.

Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam is the Prophet who came with astounding signs that no other Prophet before him came with. As such, if his prophethood could be denied, in spite of these unparalleled and incontrovertible proofs, then the prophethood of other Prophets who came before has greater reason to be denied.1

It is painfully surprising that these vicious attacks could come from individuals among the People of the Scripture. Since what is naturally expected is that People of the Scripture should respect the Messengers and their Messages, even if they do not believe in them. It follows then that these countries that attack the
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1 See: Hidayah al-Hayarah p359-365
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Messenger of Islaam are only polytheistic countries disguising in the cloak of Christianity and that their type of Christianity is mired by paganism and remnants of superstitious beliefs of the ancient Greek founded by Paul.

Establishment of Muhammad’s prophethood needs no proof; for whatever proofs provided are nothing compared to the evidence derived from his truthfulness. The wide condemnation of these attacks seen from Muslims, whose hearts are filled with love for him, all over the world is enough a practical evidence of the genuineness of his prophethood.

If Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam had not been sincere, would his religion have endured and prevailed over all other religions for more than fourteen centuries?! Indeed, things from the unseen he predicted their occurrence long before he died, had actually came to pass. Can this indicate anything but truthfulness of his message?!

Here, I would like to shed some light on prominent signs of his prophethood:
One: His Being Supported with Great Miracles of which the Qur’aan is the Greatest Allaah has supported our Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam with great miracles and signs which He had not given any of the past Prophets. His miracles superseded those of other Prophets and Messengers that one of the scholars said, “The Messenger, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam was blessed with excellent
10



Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood 2013_110


عدل سابقا من قبل أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn في الإثنين 23 نوفمبر 2020, 8:07 pm عدل 1 مرات
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qualities and miracles that are greater than those given to all the other Prophets combined.”1

Al-Hulaymi –may Allaah have mercy upon him– said, “Some scholars mentioned that signs of his prophethood reached up to a thousand signs.”2

One of his greatest signs is the glorious Qur’aan that can never be touched with falsehood either from the front or from the back.

Al-Bukhaari and Muslim reported on the authority of Abu Hurayrah –may Allah be pleased with him– that the Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam said, “Every Prophet was given miracles because of which people believed, but what I have been given, is Divine Inspiration which Allaah has revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will outnumber the followers of the other Prophets on the Day of Resurrection.”3

Adh-Dhahabi said in his comment on this hadeeth, “This greatest miracle is the Qur’aan. For, each of the past Prophets would bring miracles that would expire after his death, thereby making him have few followers. But the followers of our Prophet Muhammad are numerous due to the fact that his greatest miracle abides after his death, leading many of those who hear the Qur’aan throughout ages believe in Allaah and His Messenger. That is why he said: ‘So I hope that my followers will
----------------------------------------------
1 See: Dalaa’il an-Nubuwwa by Abu Nu’aym 2582; and Ash-Shafa 1/523-525
2 See: Shu’ab al-Eemaan 1/263
3 Al-Bukhaari, Book of Virtues of the Qur’aan, hadeeth 4696; and Muslim, Book of Eemaan, hadeeth 239

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outnumber the followers of the other Prophets on the Day of Resurrection.’”1

Ibn Hajar, on his comment on this hadeeth, mentioned a number of meanings, among which are:
- The Qur’aan is the greatest miracle with which the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam challenged both the Arabs and non-Arabs. It is his exclusive –but not his only– miracle.

- The Qur’aan is unparalleled as opposed to other miracles.

- No Prophet before was ever given an exclusive miracle that other Prophets did not have. As for Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam, no Prophet before him was a miracle like the one he was given. - Miracles of the past Prophets expired with the expiration of their ages. As for the miracle of the Noble Qur’aan, it is everlasting.2

In a number of verses from the Qur’aan, Allaah challenged the disbelievers to produce the like of the Qur’aan.
--------------------------------------
1 As-Seerah by Adh-Dhahabi p286
2 See: Fathul-Baari 8/623

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Allaah says,
وَإِن ڪُنتُمۡ فِى رَيۡبٍ۬ مِّمَّا نَزَّلۡنَا عَلَىٰ عَبۡدِنَا فَأۡتُواْ بِسُورَةٍ۬ مِّن مِّثۡلِهِۦ وَٱدۡعُواْ شُهَدَآءَكُم مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَـٰدِقِينَ (٢٣) فَإِن لَّمۡ تَفۡعَلُواْ وَلَن تَفۡعَلُواْ فَٱتَّقُواْ ٱلنَّارَ ٱلَّتِى وَقُودُهَا ٱلنَّاسُ وَٱلۡحِجَارَةُ‌ۖ أُعِدَّتۡ لِلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ (٢٤)
سورة البقرة: 23-24

“And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur'ân) to Our slave (Muhammad (peace be upon him) then produce a Sûrah (Chapter) of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allâh, if you are truthful. But if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers.” (Al-Baqarah 2:23-24)

Allaah’s word, ‘then produce a Sûrah (Chapter) of the like thereof’ is a clear challenge; His word, ‘call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allâh, if you are truthful’ is another challenge; and His saying, ‘But if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the Fire…’ is a third challenge. These words contain information about the future, which is that they would not be able to do so.

And it happened that they could not. This definite statement could not have come except from the One Who knows all that is hidden.

In another place in the Qur’aan, the challenge was repeated.
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Allaah says,
وَمَا كَانَ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانُ أَن يُفۡتَرَىٰ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَـٰكِن تَصۡدِيقَ ٱلَّذِى بَيۡنَ يَدَيۡهِ وَتَفۡصِيلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ لَا رَيۡبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ (٣٧) أَمۡ يَقُولُونَ ٱفۡتَرَٮٰهُ‌ۖ قُلۡ فَأۡتُواْ بِسُورَةٍ۬ مِّثۡلِهِۦ وَٱدۡعُواْ مَنِ ٱسۡتَطَعۡتُم مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَـٰدِقِينَ (٣٨)
(Yoonus 10:37-38)

“And this Qur'ân is not such as could ever be produced by other than
Allâh (Lord of the heavens and the earth), but it is a confirmation of (the revelation) which was before it (i.e. the Taurât (Torah), and the Injeel (Gospel)) and a full explanation of the Book (i.e. laws, decreed for mankind) - wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinn, and all that exists). Or do they say: "He (Muhammad (peace be upon him)) has forged it?" Say: "Bring then a Sûrah (chapter) like unto it, and call upon whomsoever you can besides Allâh, if you are truthful!"” (Yoonus 10:37-38)1

The above verses contain two challenges; but no human being was able to rise up to any of them.
-------------------------------------
1 See: Ithbaat Nubuwwat Muhammad –sallallaahu alayhi wasallam, by Ahmad Az-Zaydi p22; and Lawami’ Al-Anwar 1/171-172

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In a third place, Allaah says,
أَمۡ يَقُولُونَ ٱفۡتَرَٮٰهُ‌ۖ قُلۡ فَأۡتُواْ بِعَشۡرِ سُوَرٍ۬ مِّثۡلِهِۦ مُفۡتَرَيَـٰتٍ۬ وَٱدۡعُواْ مَنِ ٱسۡتَطَعۡتُم مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَـٰدِقِينَ (١٣) فَإِلَّمۡ يَسۡتَجِيبُواْ لَكُمۡ فَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّمَآ أُنزِلَ بِعِلۡمِ ٱللَّهِ وَأَن لَّآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ‌ۖ فَهَلۡ أَنتُم مُّسۡلِمُونَ (١٤)
(Hood 11:13-14)

“Or they say, "He (Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)) forged it (the Qur'an)." Say: "Bring you then ten forged Sûrahs (chapters) like unto it, and call whomsoever you can, other than Allâh (to your help), if you speak the truth!" If then they answer you not, know then that it is (the Revelation (this Qur'ân)) is sent down with the Knowledge of Allâh and that Lâ ilâha illa Huwa: (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! Will you then be Muslims (those who submit to Islâm)?” (Hood 11:13-14)

In a fourth place, Allaah says,
قُل لَّٮِٕنِ ٱجۡتَمَعَتِ ٱلۡإِنسُ وَٱلۡجِنُّ عَلَىٰٓ أَن يَأۡتُواْ بِمِثۡلِ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ لَا يَأۡتُونَ بِمِثۡلِهِۦ وَلَوۡ كَانَ بَعۡضُہُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ۬ ظَهِيرً۬ا (٨٨)
(Al-Israa 17:88)

“Say: "If the mankind and the jinn were together to produce the like of this Qur'ân, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another."” (Al-Israa 17:88)

This challenge could not have come from a human being since it was based upon knowledge of the future. It is then known that it was from the Lord, Glorified and Exalted.
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Fifthly, Allaah says,
قُلۡ فَأۡتُواْ بِكِتَـٰبٍ۬ مِّنۡ عِندِ ٱللَّهِ هُوَ أَهۡدَىٰ مِنۡہُمَآ أَتَّبِعۡهُ إِن ڪُنتُمۡ صَـٰدِقِينَ (٤٩) فَإِن لَّمۡ يَسۡتَجِيبُواْ لَكَ فَٱعۡلَمۡ أَنَّمَا يَتَّبِعُونَ أَهۡوَآءَهُمۡ‌ۚ وَمَنۡ أَضَلُّ مِمَّنِ ٱتَّبَعَ هَوَٮٰهُ بِغَيۡرِ هُدً۬ى مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَہۡدِى ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ (٥٠)
(Al-Qasas 28:49-50)

“Say (to them, O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) "Then bring a Book from Allâh, which is a better guide than these two (the Taurât (Torah) and the Qur'ân), that I may follow it, if you are truthful."

But if they answer you not (i.e. do not bring the Book nor believe in your doctrine of Islâmic Monotheism), then know that they only follow their own lusts. And who is more astray than one who follows his own lusts, without guidance from Allâh? Verily Allâh guides not the people who are Zâlimûn (wrong-doers, disobedient to Allâh, and polytheists).” (Al-Qasas 28:49-50)

Allaah’s statement, ‘Then bring a Book from Allâh’; His statement, ‘But if they answer you not (i.e. do not bring the Book nor believe in your doctrine of Islâmic Monotheism), then know that they only follow their own lusts’ is another challenge as well as a rebuke for them for failing to believe in the Qur’aan though they were unable to produce the like thereof. And His statement, ‘And who is more astray than one who follows his own lusts, without guidance from Allâh?’ is another challenge.
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All the above verses explicitly contain challenge. There are many other verses in which the challenge was made implicitly.1

In spite of all these challenges, the disbelievers were unable to do anything.

Their inability is confirmed by these two proofs: One:
Had they been able to meet this challenge, it would have been widely transmitted. For, transmitting such an event is among the most enticing matters to the disbelievers. Also, it could not be claimed that the challenge was met but not transmitted. For, it is impossible to hide such potentially
important information.

Additionally, this could be said concerning the miracle of every Prophet; thereby declaring all the miracles of the Prophets as false.

Two:
If the disbelievers had been able to challenge this miracle, it would have been enough an evidence for them to prove the falsity of the Prophet’s message.

Also, if the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam had not been sure of their inability, he would not have challenged them, especially since they were from many nations, and were known for eloquence and oration. It is then certainly known that meeting this challenge is far beyond the disbelievers’ ability.2
------------------------------------
1 See: Ithbaat Nubuwwat Muhammad –sallallaahu alayhi wasallam, by Ahmad Az-Zaydi p22-25
2 See: I‘jaz Al-Qur’aan by Al-Baqillani p43; A‘laam An-Nubuwwa by Al-Maawardi p71; and Shamaa’il Ar-Rasuool by Ibn Katheer, p127

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Some scholars said, “Proofs of Muhammad’s prophethood are abundant in the Glorious Book (the Qur’aan). The entire Qur’aan, rather every Soorah of it is evidence for truthfulness of the Prophet’s message.

Therefore, the proofs indicating the inability of any creature to produce anything like the Qur’aan are more than a thousand. And this is one of the wonders of that Great Book.”1

The scholars have explained the inimitability of the Qur’aan in many ways; and I am going to succinctly mention these in following points: One:
The Qur’aan is inimitable in terms of eloquence and rhetoric, and in terms of its style. It is totally different from familiar human words of any style. The Arabs did not have any speech with that length and characterized by that eloquence and fluency. All that is attributed to their poets and orators are not more than a number of statements and few words of wisdom.

That is why you find some of them excelling in one art and not in another. In addition to this, these statements of theirs could be challenged and they could have imperfection and lack of coherence. As for the Qur’aan, it enjoys the highest degree of eloquence and fluency in all its verses and soorahs, in spite of its length.

The Qur’aan, in spite of its divergent topics – ranging from promises and warnings, exhortations and threats, legislations and rulings – is uniquely arranged with no contradiction or discrepancy.
-------------------------------------
1 Istikhraaj Al-Jidaal Min Al-Qur’aan Al-Kareem by Ibin Al-Hanbali 3/5
4
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The glorious Book, though characterized with succinctness, is full of meanings.

Consider Allaah’s noble word,
وَلَكُمۡ فِى ٱلۡقِصَاصِ حَيَوٰةٌ۬ يَـٰٓأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَلۡبَـٰبِ لَعَلَّڪُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ (١٧٩)
(Al-Baqarah 2:179)

“And there is (a saving of) life for you in Al-Qisâs (the Law of Equality in punishment), O men of understanding, that you may become pious.” (Al-Baqarah 2:179)

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ya’qoob Al-Fairuzabadi –may Allaah have mercy upon him– said, “The above verse, which consists of only fourteen words [in its Arabic version, of course] has more than a million meanings. The scholars of the Sharee’ah explained these meanings in thousands of volumes. Even yet, they could not encompass all the meanings.”1

Also consider His word,
ٱلۡأَخِلَّآءُ يَوۡمَٮِٕذِۭ بَعۡضُهُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ عَدُوٌّ إِلَّا ٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ (٦٧)
(Az-Zukhruf 43:67)

“Friends on that Day will be foes one to another except the pious.” (Az-Zukhruf 43:67)

And His saying,
خُذِ ٱلۡعَفۡوَ وَأۡمُرۡ بِٱلۡعُرۡفِ وَأَعۡرِضۡ عَنِ ٱلۡجَـٰهِلِينَ (١٩٩)
 (Al-A’raaf 7:199)
--------------------------------------
1 Basaa’ir Dhawi Tamyeez 1/6
9
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“Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e. don't punish them).” (Al-A’raaf 7:199)

This verse encompasses all noble characters.

Two:
The Qur’aan contains news of the unseen that could not have been known by any human, such as that mentioned in

Allaah’s saying,
الٓمٓ (١) غُلِبَتِ ٱلرُّومُ (٢) فِىٓ أَدۡنَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَهُم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ غَلَبِهِمۡ سَيَغۡلِبُونَ (٣)
(Ar-Room 30:1-3)

“Alif-Lâm-Mîm. The Romans have been defeated. In the nearer land (Syria, Iraq, Jordan, and Palestine), and they, after their defeat, will be victorious.” (Ar-Room 30:1-3)

And what is mentioned in this verse came to pass as it was mentioned.

In another verse, Allaah says,
لَّقَدۡ صَدَقَ ٱللَّهُ رَسُولَهُ ٱلرُّءۡيَا بِٱلۡحَقِّ‌ۖ لَتَدۡخُلُنَّ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدَ ٱلۡحَرَامَ إِن شَآءَ ٱللَّهُ ءَامِنِينَ مُحَلِّقِينَ رُءُوسَكُمۡ وَمُقَصِّرِينَ لَا تَخَافُونَ‌ۖ فَعَلِمَ مَا لَمۡ تَعۡلَمُواْ فَجَعَلَ مِن دُونِ ذَٲلِكَ فَتۡحً۬ا قَرِيبًا (٢٧) هُوَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَرۡسَلَ رَسُولَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَدِينِ ٱلۡحَقِّ لِيُظۡهِرَهُ ۥ عَلَى ٱلدِّينِ كُلِّهِۦ‌ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِٱللَّهِ شَهِيدً۬ا (٢٨)

(Al-Fath 27:28)

“Indeed Allâh shall fulfil the true vision which He showed to His Messenger (peace be upon him) (i.e. the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw a dream that he has entered Makkah along with his
20



Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood 2013_110
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أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

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Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood   Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Emptyالإثنين 23 نوفمبر 2020, 5:16 pm


Companions, having their (head) hair shaved and cut short) in very truth. Certainly, you shall enter Al-Masjid-al-Harâm, if Allâh wills, secure, (some) having your heads shaved, and (some) having your head hair cut short, having no fear. He knew what you knew not, and He granted besides that a near victory.” (Al-Fath 27:28)

And the Almighty says in another,
هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ لِيُظْهِرَهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ كُلِّهِ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ (9)
(As-Saff 51:9)

“He it is Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad (peace be upon him)) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islâmic Monotheism) to make it victorious over all (other) religions even though the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) hate (it).” (As-Saff 51:9)

The promise of Allaah as mentioned in the verse came to pass and the religion of Allaah prevailed over other religions.

In yet another verse, Allaah says, addressing His Messenger Muhammad,
قُلْ إِنْ كَانَتْ لَكُمُ الدَّارُ الْآَخِرَةُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ خَالِصَةً مِنْ دُونِ النَّاسِ فَتَمَنَّوُا الْمَوْتَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ (94)
(Al-Baqarah 2:94)
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“Say to (them): "If the home of the Hereafter with Allâh is indeed for you specially and not for others, of mankind, then long for death if you are truthful."” (Al-Baqarah 2:94)

As this saying of Allaah would turn out, none of the Jews addressed in this verse longed for death. Thus did Muhammad’s inimitable miracle prevail and his proof triumph, and all praise is due to Allaah.

Three:
The Qur’aan contains news of the past and extinct nations. Stories of these nations could never have otherwise been known, and nothing remained about them but little information possessed by some scholars from among People of the Scripture.

That is if we are to overlook the corruption, omissions and abominable things attributed to Allaah’s Prophets –peace be upon them– that have overwhelmed these books.

Allaah says,
نَحْنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ أَحْسَنَ الْقَصَصِ بِمَا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ هَذَا الْقُرْآَنَ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ لَمِنَ الْغَافِلِينَ (3)
(Yoosuf 12:3)

“We relate unto you (Muhammad (peace be upon him)) the best of stories through Our Revelations unto you, of this Qur'ân. And before this (i.e. before the coming of Divine Revelation to you), you were among those who knew nothing about it (the Qur'ân).” (Yoosuf 12:3)
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And He says,
وَمَا أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتَ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ (103)
(Yoosuf 12:103)

“This is of the news of the Ghaib (Unseen) which We reveal to you (O Muhammad (peace be upon him) ). You were not (present) with them when they arranged their plan together, and (while) they were plotting.” (Yoosuf 12:103)

He also says,
لَقَدْ كَانَ فِي قَصَصِهِمْ عِبْرَةٌ لِأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ مَا كَانَ حَدِيثًا يُفْتَرَى وَلَكِنْ تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِقَوْمٍ يُؤْمِنُونَ (111)
(Yoosuf 12:111)

“Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Qur'an) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of the (Allâh's existing Books) which were before it (i.e. the Taurât (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and other Scriptures of Allâh) and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a Mercy for the people who believe.” (Yoosuf 12:111)
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In another verse, Allaah says,
تِلْكَ مِنْ أَنْبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهَا إِلَيْكَ مَا كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُهَا أَنْتَ وَلَا قَوْمُكَ مِنْ قَبْلِ هَذَا فَاصْبِرْ إِنَّ الْعَاقِبَةَ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ (49)
(Hood 11:49)

“This is of the news of the Unseen which We reveal unto you (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) neither you nor your people knew it before this. So be patient. Surely, the (good) end is for the pious.” (Hood 11:49)

Four:
The Qur’aan includes information of what is hidden in the hearts and minds.

Examples of this are the following sayings of Allaah,
إِذْ هَمَّتْ طَائِفَتَانِ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ تَفْشَلَا وَاللَّهُ وَلِيُّهُمَا وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ (122)
(Aal ‘Imraan 3:122)

“When two parties from among you were about to lose heart, but Allâh was their Walî (Supporter and Protector). And in Allâh should the believers put their trust.” (Aal ‘Imraan 3:122)

In the above verse, Allaah informed His Messenger of beliefs some parties from among the Muslims were holding in their minds.
24
He also says, referring to the hypocrites and what they bore in their hearts,
أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ نُهُوا عَنِ النَّجْوَى ثُمَّ يَعُودُونَ لِمَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ وَيَتَنَاجَوْنَ بِالْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَمَعْصِيَةِ الرَّسُولِ وَإِذَا جَاءُوكَ حَيَّوْكَ بِمَا لَمْ يُحَيِّكَ بِهِ اللَّهُ وَيَقُولُونَ فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ لَوْلَا يُعَذِّبُنَا اللَّهُ بِمَا نَقُولُ حَسْبُهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ يَصْلَوْنَهَا فَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ (8)
(Al-Mujaadilah 58:8)

“And when they come to you, they greet you with a greeting wherewith Allâh greets you not, and say within themselves: "Why should Allâh punish us not for what we say?” (Al-Mujaadilah 58:8)

Five:
The Qur’aan overwhelms hearts with awe and fear whenever it is recited. It leaves impacts on minds and its repeated recitation never causes boredom to the listener. That is why many companions embraced Islaam when they heard it.

Allaah says,
لَوْ أَنْزَلْنَا هَذَا الْقُرْآَنَ عَلَى جَبَلٍ لَرَأَيْتَهُ خَاشِعًا مُتَصَدِّعًا مِنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ الْأَمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ (21)
(Al-Hashr 59:21)


“Had We sent down this Qur'ân on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rent asunder by the fear of Allâh.” (Al-Hashr 59:21)

Six:
Inimitability of the Qur’aan in terms of its legislations and rulings that far superseded and excelled above all other systems and statutes.

Seven:
Allaah has guaranteed the protection of the Qur’aan.
Therefore, it is impossible for any human to add anything to or omit anything from it. If any human attempts to do so, he will be exposed.
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Eight:
The glorious Qur’aan is scientifically inimitable. This vividly manifests in its invitation to reasoning and its encouragement of reflection over Allaah’s creation.

Allaah says,
قُلِ ٱنظُرُواْ مَاذَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ وَمَا تُغۡنِى ٱلۡأَيَـٰتُ وَٱلنُّذُرُ عَن قَوۡمٍ۬ لَّا يُؤۡمِنُونَ (١٠١)
(Yoonus 10:101)

“Say: "Behold all that is in the heavens and the earth," but neither Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) nor warners benefit those who believe not.” (Yoonus 10:101)

He also says,
وَفِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ ءَايَـٰتٌ۬ لِّلۡمُوقِنِينَ (٢٠) وَفِىٓ أَنفُسِكُمۡ‌ۚ أَفَلَا تُبۡصِرُونَ (٢١)
(AdhDhaariyaat 51:20-21)

“And on the earth are signs for those who have Faith with certainty.


And also in your own selves. Will you not then see?” (AdhDhaariyaat 51:20-21)

Maurice Bucaille1 said, “Only after consultations with several specialists in linguistics and exegesis, both Muslim and nonMuslim, was I convinced that a new concept might be formed from such a study: the compatibility between the statements in the Qur'an and firmly established data of modern science with regard to subjects on which nobody at the time of Muhammad - not even the Prophet himself - could have had access to the
knowledge we possess today. Since then, I have not found in the
----------------------------------
1 In his book, The Qur’an and Modern Science

26
Qur'an any support given to the myths or superstitions present at the time the text was communicated to man.”

Some scholars such as Abu Al-Qaasim At-Taymi and Abu Husayn Az-Zaydi regard ‘Sarfah’ (Intellectual Diversion) as a kind of miraculous nature of the Qur’aan. But this is an invalid view. For, diversion is not in any way a miracle.

This erroneous opinion is held by some speculative theologians such as Ibraaheem ibn Sayyaar An-Nazzaam. He claimed that uniquely symmetrical arrangement of the contents of the Qur’aan and their excellent composition are not a miracle for Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam neither do they indicate his truthfulness in his claim of Prophethood. He claimed that the only thing that indicates his truthfulness are the news of the unseen that are in the Qur’aan. As for its excellent arrangement and outstandingly orderly composition, humans are capable of producing the like thereof and even better.1

Other proponents of this opinions are Abu Al—Ma’aali AlJuwayni,2 some Qadarites and Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi.3

This opinion seems to disprove the inimitability of the Qur’aan in terms of its arrangement, composition and eloquence and that the inability of the Arabs to produce the like of the Qur’aan was due to the fact that they were supernaturally diverted from doing so.
-----------------------------------------
1 See: Al-Farq Bayn Al-Firaq p128; and Al-Intizaar by Al-Khayyaat p68
2 See: Al-‘Aqeedah An-Nizamiyyah p73-74
3 See: Al-Fasl Fil-Milal Wan-Nihal 3/27-29

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The supporters of this opinion to one of the following two groups: One:
Those who believe that Allaah used an external means to divert the Arabs from contradicting the Qur’aan. This is the view of An-Nazzaam.

Two:
Those who believe that Allaah dispossessed the Arabs of their intellectual and oratorical talents so that they would not be able to contradict the Qur’aan in its eloquence.1

This opinion is, however, the weakest and the falsest of all opinions, according to Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah.2

The falsity of this view is manifested in the following ways:
One:
Allaah, the Exalted, addressed His Messenger,
قُل لَّٮِٕنِ ٱجۡتَمَعَتِ ٱلۡإِنسُ وَٱلۡجِنُّ عَلَىٰٓ أَن يَأۡتُواْ بِمِثۡلِ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ لَا يَأۡتُونَ بِمِثۡلِهِۦ وَلَوۡ كَانَ بَعۡضُہُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ۬ ظَهِيرً۬ا (٨٨)
(Al-Israa 17:88)

“Say: If the mankind and the jinn were together to produce the like of this Qur'ân, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another."” (Al-Israa 17:88)

Had the inimitability of the Qur’aan been in the so-called diversion, then the getting together of the mankind and the jinn would have been meaningless; because they had all been incapacitated.
-----------------------------------
1 See: A’laam An-Nubuwwa by Al-Maawardi p72; and Mabaahith fee I’jaaz Al-Qur’aan
by Mustafa Muslim p57
2 See: Al-Jawaab As-Saheeh 4/75

28
Two:
Acceptance of this opinion necessitates that the Qur’aan is not a miracle; and it is known that there was a consensus among the Muslim scholars that the Qur’aan is a miracle long before the emergence of the concept of ‘diversion’.1

Three:
This opinion implies that the inimitability of the Qur’aan had expired with the expiration of the period of challenge (i.e.when it was being revealed). And this implication is against the consensus of the Ummah.2

Four:
If this claim was true, we would have found in pre-Islamic Arabic poetry that which could rival the Qur’aan in terms of eloquence; but none was found.3

Five:
If this opinion was correct, it would imply that the noble Qur’aan was like any other speech, with the only difference being that it could not be contradicted because Allaah had diverted the ability of humans away from doing so.

Six:
Allaah has described the Qur’aan with qualities that could not be applicable to any other speech.
---------------------------------
1 See: As-Suyuti’s Al-Itqaan 2/255-256 and Al-Khasaais Al-Kubraa 1/194; and AlQurtubi’s Al-Jaami’ li-Ahkaam al-Qur’aan 1/66
2 See: Al-Itqaan 2/255-256
3 See: I’jaaz Al-Qur’aan by Al-Baaqillaani p52-53

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Examples are the following
sayings of Allaah:
أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱلۡفُلۡكَ تَجۡرِى فِى ٱلۡبَحۡرِ بِنِعۡمَتِ ٱللَّهِ لِيُرِيَكُم مِّنۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦۤ‌ۚ إِنَّ فِى ذَٲلِكَ لَأَيَـٰتٍ۬ لِّكُلِّ صَبَّارٍ۬ شَكُورٍ۬ (٣١)
(Ar-Ra‘d 13:31)

“And if there had been a Qur'ân with which mountains could be moved (from their places), or the earth could be cloven asunder, or the dead could be made to speak (it would not have been other than this Qur'ân). But the decision of all things is certainly with Allâh. Have not then those who believe yet known that had Allâh willed, He could have guided all mankind?” (Ar-Ra‘d 13:31)

ٱللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحۡسَنَ ٱلۡحَدِيثِ كِتَـٰبً۬ا مُّتَشَـٰبِهً۬ا مَّثَانِىَ تَقۡشَعِرُّ مِنۡهُ جُلُودُ ٱلَّذِينَ يَخۡشَوۡنَ رَبَّہُمۡ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمۡ وَقُلُوبُهُمۡ إِلَىٰ ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ هُدَى ٱللَّهِ يَہۡدِى بِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ‌ۚ وَمَن يُضۡلِلِ ٱللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ ۥ مِنۡ هَادٍ (٢٣)

(Az-Zumar 39:23)

“Allâh has sent down the Best Statement, a Book (this Qur'ân), its parts resembling each other (in goodness and truth) and oft-repeated.


The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allâh. That is the guidance of Allâh. He Guides therewith whom He wills; and whomever Allâh sends astray, for him there is no guide.” (Az-Zumar 39:23)
30



Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood 2013_110
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أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
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أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

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Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood   Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Emptyالإثنين 23 نوفمبر 2020, 5:22 pm


Seven:
There disbelievers of the Prophet’s time had many reasons to contradict the Qur’aan and challenge its inimitability. They were actually extremely desperate to do so. This is due to their severe animosity towards Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam and the fact that the Qur’aan itself challenged them to bring even a single Soorah similar to it. Had the disbelievers been dispossessed of their capability, they would have realized that and they would have had the right to claim that it was the magic spell cast on them that prevented them from being able to contradict the Qur’aan.

Eight:
The origin of this opinion could be traced back to the Brahmins.

Nine:
The opinion denies the fact that the Qur’aan is, by itself, a miracle. And it is known that miracles of the Prophets were regarded as miracles on their own, whereby no human was able to contradict or produce the like thereof. Could it then be conceivable that Muhammad’s everlasting miracle was lesser than those of the Prophets who came before him?!

Ten:
This opinion is similar to a claim that the Qur’aan is just a magic imitated from others.

Eleven:
There are many authentic reports that those Arabs were tremendously dazed by the eloquence and excellent composition of the Qur’aan. In fact, the second caliph Umar ibn Al-Khattaab and a number of eminent companions –may Allaah be pleased with them– embraced Islaam when they heard the Qur’aan being recited.
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Twelve:
Had it been true that the disbelievers were unable to produce the like of the Qur’aan and to contradict it was due to a supernatural diversion that weakened their resolve and dispossessed them of their oratorical skill, this would have been transmitted and the polytheists would have protested that. Therefore, this claim is false.

Thirteen:
This claim is tantamount to demeaning the Arab’s oratorical prowess and postulating that their level of eloquence is lesser than that of their pre-Islamic ancestors, both of which is untenable.

Fourteen:
The disbelievers’ admiration of the Qur’aan was due to its inimitability in many ways and not because they were unable to contradict it.1 After disproving the ‘concept of diversion’, let us go back to our discussion on the inimitability of the Qur’aan.

In the light of all the above-mentioned points combined, aspects of the Qur’aan’s inimitability could be clearly seen. Nobody should claim that the inimitability manifests only in some aspects of the Book as opposed to other aspects. For, the divine challenge to produce the like thereof applied to the Book as whole, and not to only a part thereof.

The inability to produce the like of the Qur’aan applies to both humans and jinn. But how can we know the inability of the jinn?!
------------------------------------------
1 See: I’jaaz Al-Qur’aan by Al-Baaqillaani p53-54; A’laam An-Nubuwwah by AlMaawardi, p72; Manaahil Al-‘Irfaan 2/310-312; Izhaar Al-Haqq 3/798-800; Mabaahith fi I’jaaz al-Qur’aan p57-62

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The answer to this question lies in a number of points:
1. Allaah informed us of the inability of the human and the jinn to produce the like of the Qur’aan, even if they were to combine their efforts. If they were unable to produce the like thereof jointly, then there is a greater reason that they could no do so separately.

2. Poetic passages of the jinn had been narrated and preserved, and they are not even as strong as those of the humans.

3. Allaah tells us in the Qur’aan how the jinn greatly admired this Qur’aan in His saying,
وَإِذۡ صَرَفۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ نَفَرً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلۡجِنِّ يَسۡتَمِعُونَ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ فَلَمَّا حَضَرُوهُ قَالُوٓاْ أَنصِتُواْ‌ۖ فَلَمَّا قُضِىَ وَلَّوۡاْ إِلَىٰ قَوۡمِهِم مُّنذِرِينَ (٢٩) قَالُواْ يَـٰقَوۡمَنَآ إِنَّا سَمِعۡنَا ڪِتَـٰبًا أُنزِلَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مُوسَىٰ مُصَدِّقً۬ا لِّمَا بَيۡنَ يَدَيۡهِ يَہۡدِىٓ إِلَى ٱلۡحَقِّ وَإِلَىٰ طَرِيقٍ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٍ۬ (٣٠)
(Al-Ahqaaf 46:29-30)

“And (remember) when We sent towards you (Muhammad (peace be upon him)) a group (three to ten persons) of the jinn, (quietly) listening to the Qur'ân. When they stood in the presence thereof, they said: "Listen in silence!" And when it was finished, they returned to their people, as warners. They said: "O our people! Verily, we have heard a Book (this Qur'ân) sent down after Mûsa (Moses), confirming what came before it: it guides to the truth and to a Straight Path (i.e. Islâm).” (Al-Ahqaaf 46:29-30)
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And in His saying,
قُلۡ أُوحِىَ إِلَىَّ أَنَّهُ ٱسۡتَمَعَ نَفَرٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡجِنِّ فَقَالُوٓاْ إِنَّا سَمِعۡنَا قُرۡءَانًا عَجَبً۬ا (١)
(Al-Jinn 72:1)

“Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) "It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinn listened (to this Qur'ân). They said: 'Verily, we have heard a wonderful Recitation (this Qur'ân)!” (Al-Jinn 72:1)

Therefore, the inability of the jinn to produce the like of the Qur’aan could be vividly seen in the light of the above points.1

The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam has many other miracles and signs besides the Qur’aan. Books had been exclusively authored on these miracles. Some of the miracles are: the moon split for him, he put his hand in little and insufficient food and it became much and sufficient, trees bowed for him, the palm trunk on which he used to incline whenever he gave sermons moaned aloud when he left it, pebbles’ glorified Allaah in his hand, his supplications were instantly accepted on several occasions, animals spoke and bowed to him, trees and stones saluted and bowed to him and a spring of water gushed out of his fingers. All the above and many others are clear proofs testifying to his prophethood. Had it not been for fear of unnecessary elaboration,
-------------------------------------
1 See: I’jaaz Al-Qur’aan p65; Al-Minhaaj fee Shu’ab Al-Eemaan 1/283; and Al-Burhaan fee Uloom Al-Qur’aan 2/111

34
I would have quoted hadeeths and reports on each of these miracles.1
There are reports attributed to some of latter scholars opining that the only miracle given to Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam is the Qur’aan and that he had no other miracles.

This opinion means practical rejection of the Sunnah, which is also tantamount to rejecting the rules of the Sharee’ah. For, those who conveyed the occurrence of these miracles to us are the same people who conveyed the rules of the Sharee’ah to us. This is especially so when it is known that our eminent scholars made painstaking efforts and were very meticulous in recording and verifying texts of the Sunnah and studying chains of transmitters.

Many of these miracles were consecutively narrated and their consecutive status was attested to by a number of erudite scholars. One of them is Shaykh Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah – may Allaah have mercy upon him – who said, “Some of his miracles are successively narrated that they are known to every Muslim.

Examples of these are: the gushing out of a spring of water from his fingers, his putting his hand on little and insufficient food and it then became much and sufficient and the moaning of the palm trunk. Each of these three miracles was consecutively narrated and was widely reported by generations after generations.
--------------------------------------
1 See: I’jaaz Al-Qur’aan by Al-Baaqillaani p65; Al-Minhaaj fee Shi‘ab Al-Eemaan 1/283; and Al-Burhaan fee Uloom Al-Qur’aan 2/111
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There was no generation of this Ummah among whom these signs were not extensively narrated.”1

Another scholar who explicitly mentioned the consecutive nature of the reports on these miracles is Imaam Ibn Hajar Al-‘Asqalaani – may Allaah have mercy upon him. He said, “In the light of the combination of the above reports it could be said with certainty that many supernatural things did occur on the Prophet’s hand just like the certainty of reports of Haatim’s generosity and Ali’s bravery. Admittedly, some miracles are narrated in individual reports that are below the level of certainty.
 
Nevertheless, many of the Prophetic miracles are so popular that they were successively reported by a large number of people in every stage of their chains of narration. If a person were to claim that the majority of these events were theoretically certain, that would be a correct claim.”2

Two:
His Well-known Excellent Qualities before and after Being Commissioned as Prophet Allaah, the Exalted says,
وَإِذَا تُتۡلَىٰ عَلَيۡهِمۡ ءَايَاتُنَا بَيِّنَـٰتٍ۬‌ۙ قَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يَرۡجُونَ لِقَآءَنَا ٱئۡتِ بِقُرۡءَانٍ غَيۡرِ هَـٰذَآ أَوۡ بَدِّلۡهُ‌ۚ قُلۡ مَا يَكُونُ لِىٓ أَنۡ أُبَدِّلَهُ ۥ مِن تِلۡقَآىِٕ نَفۡسِىٓ‌ۖ إِنۡ أَتَّبِعُ إِلَّا مَا يُوحَىٰٓ إِلَىَّ‌ۖ إِنِّىٓ أَخَافُ إِنۡ عَصَيۡتُ رَبِّى عَذَابَ يَوۡمٍ عَظِيمٍ۬ (١٥) قُل لَّوۡ شَآءَ ٱللَّهُ مَا تَلَوۡتُهُ ۥ عَلَيۡڪُمۡ وَلَآ أَدۡرَٮٰكُم بِهِۦ‌ۖ فَقَدۡ لَبِثۡتُ فِيڪُمۡ عُمُرً۬ا مِّن قَبۡلِهِۦۤ‌ۚ أَفَلَا تَعۡقِلُونَ (١٦) فَمَنۡ أَظۡلَمُ مِمَّنِ ٱفۡتَرَىٰ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ ڪَذِبًا أَوۡ كَذَّبَ بِـَٔايَـٰتِهِۦۤ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ لَا يُفۡلِحُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمُونَ (١٧)
(Yoonus 10:15-17)
--------------------------------------------------
1 See: Al-Jawaab As-Saheeh 4/227
2 See: Fat’h Al-Baari 6/673-674
36
“And when Our Clear Verses are recited unto them, those who hope not for their meeting with Us, say: "Bring us a Qur'ân other than this, or change it." Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) "It is not for me to change it on my own accord; I only follow that which is revealed unto me. Verily, I fear the torment of the Great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) if I were to disobey my Lord." Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) "If Allâh had so willed, I should not have recited it to you nor would He have made it known to you.

Verily, I have stayed amongst you a life time before this. Have you then no sense?" So who does more wrong than he who forges a lie against Allâh or denies His Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)? Surely, the Mujrimûn (criminals, sinners, disbelievers and polytheists) will never be successful!” (Yoonus 10:15-17)

The above verses affirm the prophethood of Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam in many ways:
One:
That he came with clear and irrefutable signs that only a stubbornly arrogant person can dispute.

Two:
This Qur’aan is from Allaah and the evidences for that are:
37
A. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam informed us about that and he was known as a truthful and trustworthy person who never lied. His only nickname before he was commissioned a Prophet was ‘Al-Ameen’ (the truthful). Is it then conceivable that a man who had never lied in his relationship with men would invent lies against the Almighty Allaah?!

B. If the Qur’aan had been his own invention, he would have claimed credit for it.

Three:
He grew up among an unlettered people, and he himself was unlettered. He could neither write nor read. He was in this situation for forty years. He was then sent with this revelation and this knowledge. This is nothing but a clear-cut proof of his prophethood and truthfulness.

Four:
Before he was commissioned as a Prophet, he never sought anything of the known sciences neither did he visit any scholar.

This fact is known to his Makkah contemporaries. That is why Allaah instructed him to tell the people of Makkah, “Say (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) "If Allâh had so willed, I should not have recited it to you nor would He have made it known to you.

Verily, I have stayed amongst you a life time before this. Have you then no sense?"” (Yoonus 10:16)
قُل لَّوۡ شَآءَ ٱللَّهُ مَا تَلَوۡتُهُ ۥ عَلَيۡڪُمۡ وَلَآ أَدۡرَٮٰكُم بِهِۦ‌ۖ فَقَدۡ لَبِثۡتُ فِيڪُمۡ عُمُرً۬ا مِّن قَبۡلِهِۦۤ‌ۚ أَفَلَا تَعۡقِلُونَ (١٦)
Five:
The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam endured lots of harm and hardships in the course of his conveying the message of his Lord. But these hardships and tribulations did not change him in the least nor made him deviate from his path.
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Rather, he remained steadfast until Allaah made His religion revail. If he had been lying, he would have failed and been disgraced.

Six:

His manners and characteristics were well-known before he was commissioned. He was never seen behaving immorally in any way. He was the truthful and the trustworthy. How then could his affair been confused with that of magicians and soothsayers who are the worst of mankind in terms of conduct and manners?!1

Ali ibn Abi Taalib –may Allaah be pleased with him– narrated that he heard the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu alayhi wasallam saying, “During the time of ignorance, I never intended to do anything that was inappropriate but twice, and on each occasion, Allaah, Glorified and Exalted is He, protected me. In the first occasion, I told a young Quraysh man while we were at the upper part of Makkah amid our flock of sheep: ‘Look after my sheep for me this night. For, I want to engage in night conversation like other youths of Makkah.’ He agreed. I then went out and came to the nearest house to Makkah. I heard sound of music, tambourine and flute. I inquired about what was happening and I was told that so and so Qurayshi man was getting married to so and so Qurayshi woman. I was taken away by that music and that sound that I felt asleep. I only woke up when I felt the heat of the sun in the morning.

I went back to my companion. He asked me what had happened and I told him. The same thing happened to me again. Aside from these two events, by Allaah, I never again sought to do any
---------------------------------------
1 See: Eethaar Al-Haqq Ala Al-Khalq p235-241

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of the inappropriate things that the people of the time of ignorance used to do until Allaah honored me with His message.”1

Abdullaah ibn Umar – may Allaah be pleased with him and his father – narrated that the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu alayhi wasallam met ‘Amr ibn Nuwayfi’ at the lower part of Baldah before he started receiving the revelation start. Amr presented to the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wasallam a meal of meat but he refused to eat and said, “I do not eat of the meat you slaughter for your idols on stone alters. I only eat from that upon which the Name of Allaah is mentioned.”2

Three:
Stories of Past Prophets and Nations that He Brought to Our Knowledge
Allaah says,
وَٱتۡلُ عَلَيۡہِمۡ نَبَأَ نُوحٍ إِذۡ قَالَ لِقَوۡمِهِۦ يَـٰقَوۡمِ إِن كَانَ كَبُرَ عَلَيۡكُم مَّقَامِى وَتَذۡكِيرِى بِـَٔايَـٰتِ ٱللَّهِ فَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ تَوَڪَّلۡتُ فَأَجۡمِعُوٓاْ أَمۡرَكُمۡ وَشُرَكَآءَكُمۡ ثُمَّ لَا يَكُنۡ أَمۡرُكُمۡ عَلَيۡكُمۡ غُمَّةً۬ ثُمَّ ٱقۡضُوٓاْ إِلَىَّ وَلَا تُنظِرُونِ (٧١)
(Yoonus 10:71)

“And recite to them the news of Nûh (Noah). When he said to his people: "O my people, if my stay (with you), and my reminding (you) of the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allâh is hard on you, then I put my trust in Allâh. So devise your plot, you and your partners.” (Yoonus 10:71)
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1 It is reported by Abu Nu’aym in Dalaail An-Nubuwwah 1/186
2 Collected by Ahmad in his Musnad 7/196-197 Shaykh Ahmad Shaakir classified its chain as authentic

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Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood 2013_110
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أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
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أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

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Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood   Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Emptyالإثنين 23 نوفمبر 2020, 5:27 pm


He also says,
ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَا مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِۦ رُسُلاً إِلَىٰ قَوۡمِهِمۡ فَجَآءُوهُم بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ فَمَا كَانُواْ لِيُؤۡمِنُواْ بِمَا كَذَّبُواْ بِهِۦ مِن قَبۡلُ‌ۚ كَذَٲلِكَ نَطۡبَعُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِ ٱلۡمُعۡتَدِينَ (٧٤)
(Yoonus 10:74)

“Then after him We sent Messengers to their people. They brought them clear proofs.” (Yoonus 10:74)

He then says,
ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَا مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِم مُّوسَىٰ وَهَـٰرُونَ إِلَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنَ وَمَلَإِيْهِۦ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا فَٱسۡتَكۡبَرُواْ وَكَانُواْ قَوۡمً۬ا مُّجۡرِمِينَ (٧٥)
(Yoonus 10:75)

“Then after them We sent Mûsa (Moses) and Hârûn (Aaron) to Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and his chiefs with Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). But they behaved arrogantly and were Mujrimûn (disbelievers, sinners, polytheists, criminals) folk.” (Yoonus 10:75)

This and other stories that the Qur’aan tells us about past Prophets and peoples such as the People of the Cave, story of Mary – peace be upon her, Al-Khidr – peace be upon him, those who set out of their houses in thousands out of fear of death and the story of the person who passed by an extinct village, all testify to the truthfulness of his message.

Later in this treatise, we are going to prove that the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu alayhi wasallam never learnt any of these stories from the People of the Scriptures. Rather, things that these scriptures tell about Allaah’s Prophets were largely
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inauthentic. For, they attributed to these Prophets things that are not befitting to their status.

If Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam who was unlettered had not been supported by Allaah, would he be able to bring us these stories since he was unlettered and had never been to any school?!

Four:
Prophets are a Natural Human Phenomenon Allaah says,
وَلِڪُلِّ أُمَّةٍ۬ رَّسُولٌ۬‌ۖ فَإِذَا جَآءَ رَسُولُهُمۡ قُضِىَ بَيۡنَهُم بِٱلۡقِسۡطِ وَهُمۡ لَا يُظۡلَمُونَ (٤٧)
(Yoonus 10:47)

“And for every Ummah (a community or a nation), there is a Messenger; when their Messenger comes, the matter will be judged between them with justice, and they will not be wronged.” (Yoonus 10:47)

He also says, after mentioning the story of Prophet Noah – peace be upon him,
وَمَا كَانَ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانُ أَن يُفۡتَرَىٰ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَـٰكِن تَصۡدِيقَ ٱلَّذِى بَيۡنَ يَدَيۡهِ وَتَفۡصِيلَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ لَا رَيۡبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ (٣٧)
(Yoonus 10:37)

“And this Qur'ân is not such as could ever be produced by other than Allâh (Lord of the heavens and the earth), but it is a confirmation of (the revelation) which was before it (i.e. the Taurât (Torah), and
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the Injeel (Gospel)) and a full explanation of the Book (i.e. laws, decreed for mankind) - wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the 'Alamîn (mankind, jinn, and all that exists).” (Yoonus 10:37)

He then says,
ثُمَّ بَعَثۡنَا مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِۦ رُسُلاً إِلَىٰ قَوۡمِهِمۡ فَجَآءُوهُم بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ فَمَا كَانُواْ لِيُؤۡمِنُواْ بِمَا كَذَّبُواْ بِهِۦ مِن قَبۡلُ‌ۚ كَذَٲلِكَ نَطۡبَعُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِ ٱلۡمُعۡتَدِينَ (٧٤)
(Yoonus 10:74)

“Then after him We sent Messengers to their people. They brought them clear proofs, but they would not believe what they had already rejected beforehand. Thus We seal the hearts of the transgressors (those who disbelieve in the Oneness of Allâh and disobey Him).” (Yoonus 10:74)

Allaah also says,
فَإِن كُنتَ فِى شَكٍّ۬ مِّمَّآ أَنزَلۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ فَسۡـَٔلِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَقۡرَءُونَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبَ مِن قَبۡلِكَ‌ۚ لَقَدۡ جَآءَكَ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ ٱلۡمُمۡتَرِينَ (٩٤)
(Yoonus 10:94)

“So if you (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) are in doubt concerning that which We have revealed unto you, (i.e. that your name is written in the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)) then ask those who are reading the Book (the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)) before you. Verily, the truth has come to you from your Lord. So be not of those who doubt (it).” (Yoonus 10:94)
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He further says,
فَهَلۡ يَنتَظِرُونَ إِلَّا مِثۡلَ أَيَّامِ ٱلَّذِينَ خَلَوۡاْ مِن قَبۡلِهِمۡ‌ۚ قُلۡ فَٱنتَظِرُوٓاْ إِنِّى مَعَكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡمُنتَظِرِينَ (١٠٢) ثُمَّ نُنَجِّى رُسُلَنَا وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ‌ۚ كَذَٲلِكَ حَقًّا عَلَيۡنَا نُنجِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ (١٠٣)
(Yoonus 10:102-103)

“Then do they wait for (anything) save for (a destruction) like the days of the men who passed away before them? Say: "Wait then, I am (too) with you among those who wait." Then (in the end) We save Our Messengers and those who believe! Thus it is incumbent upon Us to save the believers.” (Yoonus 10:102-103)

In another Soorah, Allaah says,
إِنَّآ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ كَمَآ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَىٰ نُوحٍ۬ وَٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِۦ‌ۚ وَأَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَىٰٓ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ وَإِسۡمَـٰعِيلَ وَإِسۡحَـٰقَ وَيَعۡقُوبَ وَٱلۡأَسۡبَاطِ وَعِيسَىٰ وَأَيُّوبَ وَيُونُسَ وَهَـٰرُونَ وَسُلَيۡمَـٰنَ‌ۚ وَءَاتَيۡنَا دَاوُ ۥدَ زَبُورً۬ا (١٦٣)
(An-Nisaa 4:163)

“Verily, We have sent the revelation to you (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) as We sent the revelation to Nûh (Noah) and the Prophets after him; We (also) sent the revelation to Ibrâhîm (Abraham), Ismâ'îl (Ishmael), Ishâque (Isaac), Ya'qûb (Jacob), and Al-Asbât (the twelve sons of Ya'qûb (Jacob)) 'Isâ (Jesus), Ayyûb (Job), Yûnus (Jonah), Hârûn (Aaron), and Sulaimân (Solomon), and to Dawûd (David) We gave the Zabûr (Psalms).”
(An-Nisaa 4:163)
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And in another He says,
إِنَّآ أَرۡسَلۡنَآ إِلَيۡكُمۡ رَسُولاً۬ شَـٰهِدًا عَلَيۡكُمۡ كَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَآ إِلَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنَ رَسُولاً۬ (١٥) فَعَصَىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنُ ٱلرَّسُولَ فَأَخَذۡنَـٰهُ أَخۡذً۬ا وَبِيلاً۬ (١٦)
(Al-Muzzammil 73:15-16)

“Verily, We have sent to you (O men) a Messenger (Muhammad (peace be upon him)) to be a witness over you, as We did send a Messenger (Mûsa (Moses)) to Fir'aun (Pharaoh). But Fir'aun (Pharaoh) disobeyed the Messenger (Mûsa (Moses)) so We seized him with a severe punishment.” (Al-Muzzammil 73:15-16)

Stories of these Prophets are well-known and the marks they left behind are abiding. Many of the People of the Scriptures believed in the prophethood of past Prophets who came before Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam and all these Prophets belonged to the same kind. This is in addition to the fact that Muhammad’s prophethood is more manifest than that of the Prophets who came before him and that denying his prophethood implies denying the prophethood of the past Prophethood
because it is only through him that we can have correct knowledge about them.

Furthermore, it is known that the message with which all the Prophets were sent is one (which is calling mankind to worship Allaah alone and avoid ascribing any partner to Him) without them having prior meeting and agreement to unify their message.

That is why Waraqah ibn Nawfal said, when Lady Khadeejah came to him in the company of her husband Muhammad
45
sallallaahu alayhi wasallam after he had received the first revelation, “This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out.”

Allaah’s Messenger asked, "Will they drive me out?” Waraqah replied in the affirmative and said, "Anyone who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly.”1

It was because of the truthfulness of Allaah’s Messenger, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam that Arab polytheists embraced Islaam.2

Five:
His Being Sent at a Time when Humanity was in the Direst Need of a Messenger If one pondered deeply over the situation of the Arabs of preIslamic era, he would certainly realise that the people then were in the direst need of someone who would guide them and show them the right way. For, worshipping of idols, stones, fire and stars was the order of the day.
-------------------------------------------
1 The hadeeth is collected by Al-Bukhaari, Book of Beginning of Revelation
2 See: An-Nubuwwaat p34-35; and Sharh ‘Aqeedah Al-Asfahaaniyyah p152-153 and AlFawaaid p19

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Allaah says,
وَيَعۡبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَا لَا يَضُرُّهُمۡ وَلَا يَنفَعُهُمۡ وَيَقُولُونَ هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ شُفَعَـٰٓؤُنَا عِندَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ قُلۡ أَتُنَبِّـُٔونَ ٱللَّهَ بِمَا لَا يَعۡلَمُ فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَلَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ سُبۡحَـٰنَهُ ۥ وَتَعَـٰلَىٰ عَمَّا يُشۡرِكُونَ (١٨)
(Yoonus 10:18)

“And they worship besides Allâh things that hurt them not, nor profit them, and they say: "These are our intercessors with Allâh." Say: "Do you inform Allâh of that which He knows not in the heavens and on the earth?" Glorified and Exalted be He above all that which they associate as partners (with Him)!” (Yoonus 10:18)

As if polytheism was not enough, the people then were engrossed in moral degeneration. Adultery, burial of female babies alive, wanton murder, severing of ties of kinship, usury and many more vices were rampant among them.

The Seal of the Prophets then came in order to liberate people from darkness to light.

Allaah says,
هُوَ ٱلَّذِى بَعَثَ فِى ٱلۡأُمِّيِّـۧنَ رَسُولاً۬ مِّنۡہُمۡ يَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡہِمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ وَيُزَكِّيہِمۡ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِكۡمَةَ وَإِن كَانُواْ مِن قَبۡلُ لَفِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ۬ (٢)
(AlJumu‘ah 62:2)

“He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad (peace be upon him)) from among themselves, reciting to them His Verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism), and teaching them the Book (this Qur'ân, Islâmic laws and Islâmic jurisprudence) and Al-Hikmah (As-Sunnah: legal
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ways, orders, acts of worship of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)) And verily, they had been before in manifest error.” (AlJumu‘ah 62:2) In this deplorable situation, Allaah’s mercy with His slaves demands that He should not leave them alone without any correct religion. So, it is out of His mercy to them –and not out of obligation– that He sent them a Messenger.

Six:
News about Muhammad’s Prophethood in Past Scriptures
Allaah says,
وَلَقَدۡ بَوَّأۡنَا بَنِىٓ إِسۡرَٲٓءِيلَ مُبَوَّأَ صِدۡقٍ۬ وَرَزَقۡنَـٰهُم مِّنَ ٱلطَّيِّبَـٰتِ فَمَا ٱخۡتَلَفُواْ حَتَّىٰ جَآءَهُمُ ٱلۡعِلۡمُ‌ۚ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ يَقۡضِى بَيۡنَہُمۡ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ فِيمَا كَانُواْ فِيهِ يَخۡتَلِفُونَ (٩٣) فَإِن كُنتَ فِى شَكٍّ۬ مِّمَّآ أَنزَلۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ فَسۡـَٔلِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَقۡرَءُونَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبَ مِن قَبۡلِكَ‌ۚ لَقَدۡ جَآءَكَ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ ٱلۡمُمۡتَرِينَ (٩٤)
(Yoonus 10:93-94)

“And indeed We settled the Children of Israel in an honorable dwelling place (Shâm and Misr), and provided them with good things, and they differed not until the knowledge came to them.

Verily, Allâh will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection in that in which they used to differ. So if you (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)) are in doubt concerning that which We have revealed unto you, (i.e. that your name is written in the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)) then ask those who are reading the Book (the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)) before you. Verily, the
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truth has come to you from your Lord. So be not of those who doubt (it).” (Yoonus 10:93-94)

The above noble verses from Soorah Yoonus clearly indicate that the People of the Scripture had prior knowledge of imminent coming of Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam. They knew this and the fair-minded ones among the acknowledged it.

While explaining the meaning of this verse, Ibn Jareer At-Tabari wrote in his Tafseer, “If you, O Muhammad, are in doubt regarding the reality of what We informed you about and what We revealed to you, the People of the Scripture never disagree concerning your prophethood before you were sent. For, they find that written with them and they know you by the qualities with which you were described in their Scriptures namely, the Torah and the Gospel.”1

Ibn Katheer said, while commenting on this verse, “This verse strengthens the Muslims and informs them that the description of their Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wasallam was found in ancient books that were in possession of the Jews and Christians.”2

Allaah says, concerning the mention of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam in previously revealed Books,
ٱلَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ ٱلرَّسُولَ ٱلنَّبِىَّ ٱلۡأُمِّىَّ ٱلَّذِى يَجِدُونَهُ ۥ مَكۡتُوبًا عِندَهُمۡ فِى ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةِ وَٱلۡإِنجِيلِ يَأۡمُرُهُم بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَنۡہَٮٰهُمۡ عَنِ ٱلۡمُنڪَرِ وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ ٱلطَّيِّبَـٰتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيۡهِمُ ٱلۡخَبَـٰٓٮِٕثَ وَيَضَعُ عَنۡهُمۡ إِصۡرَهُمۡ وَٱلۡأَغۡلَـٰلَ ٱلَّتِى كَانَتۡ عَلَيۡهِمۡ‌ۚ فَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِهِۦ وَعَزَّرُوهُ وَنَصَرُوهُ وَٱتَّبَعُواْ ٱلنُّورَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أُنزِلَ مَعَهُ ۥۤ‌ۙ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ (١٥٧)
(Al-A‘raaf 7:157)
----------------------------------------
1 See: Jaami’ Al-Bayaan 11/167
2 See: Tafseer Ibn Katheer 3/529
49
“Those who follow the Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad (peace be upon him)) whom they find written with them in the Taurât (Torah) (Deut, xviii, 15) and the Injeel (Gospel) (John xiv, 16), - he commands them for Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm has ordained); and forbids them from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds, and all that Islâm has forbidden); he allows them as lawful AtTaiyibât ((i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods), and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khabâ'ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods), he releases them from their heavy burdens (of Allâh's Covenant), and from the fetters (bindings) that were upon them. So those who believe in him (Muhammad (peace be upon him)) honor him, help him, and follow the light (the Qur'ân) which has been sent down with him, it is they who will be successful.” (Al-A‘raaf 7:157)

Another evidence of the Prophet’s truthfulness is that many monks and priests have embraced Islaam after they were convinced of his truthfulness and of the correctness of that which he brought.

Imaam Al-Bukhaari reported in his saheeh, concerning Abdullaah ibn Salaam’s acceptance of Islaam:
50



Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood 2013_110
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
https://almomenoon1.0wn0.com/
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

عدد المساهمات : 30003
العمر : 68

Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood   Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Emptyالإثنين 23 نوفمبر 2020, 7:34 pm


Anas ibn Maalik –may Allaah be pleased with him– narrated, “When 'Abdullah bin Salam heard the arrival of the Prophet at Medina, he came to him and said, "I am going to ask you about three things which nobody knows except a prophet: What is the first portent of the Hour? What will be the first meal taken by the people of Paradise? Why does a child resemble its father, and why does it resemble its maternal uncle" Allaah's Messenger said, "Gabriel has just now told me of their answers." 'Abdullah said, "He (i.e. Gabriel), from amongst all the angels, is the enemy of the Jews."

Allaah's Messenger said, "The first portent of the Hour will be a fire that will bring together the people from the east to the west; the first meal of the people of Paradise will be Extralobe (caudate lobe) of fish-liver. As for the resemblance of the child to its parents: If a man has sexual intercourse with his wife and gets discharge first, the child will resemble the father, and if the woman gets discharge first, the child will resemble her." On that 'Abdullaah bin Salaam said, "I testify that you are the Messenger of Allah."

'Abdullah bin Salaam further said, "O Allaah's Messenger! The Jews are liars, and if they should come to know about my conversion to Islam before you ask them (about me), they would tell a lie about me." The Jews came to Allah's Apostle and 'Abdullaah went inside the house. Allah's Apostle asked (the Jews), "What kind of man is 'Abdullaah bin Salaam amongst you?" They replied, "He is the most learned person amongst us, and the best amongst us, and the son of the best amongst us." Allaah's Messenger said, "What do you think if he embraces Islam (will you do as he does)?" The Jews said, "May Allaah save him from it." Then 'Abdullaah bin Salaam came out
51
in front of them saying, "I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah." Thereupon they said, "He is the evilest among us, and the son of the evilest amongst us," and continued talking badly of him.”1

Though the People of the Scripture still rejected the prophethood of Muhammad after they have changed the clear texts in which this prophethood have been mentioned, the writings of their scholars who had embraced Islaam revealed the truth. These scholars explained the very characteristics of the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wasallam and his very name were explicitly mentioned in their Books before they changed them.

Abu Nu‘aym Al-Asbahaani said, “Muhammad’s descriptions were explained in the revealed Books. They were well known to the monks, the priests and their learned men from among the People of the Scripture. They would regard matter of his advent as certain knowledge. Each of their Prophets would tell his successors of Muhammad’s impending advent and he would command his followers to believe in him if they were alive at the time of his advent.”2

Some of the proofs indicating that he was mentioned in their Books are as follows:
1. Many of the Israelite Prophets such as Jesus, Isaiah and Daniel had prophesied the occurrence of events that were
-------------------------------------------
1 Al-Bukhaari, Book of Prophets
2 See: Dalaail An-Nubuwwah 1/89

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minor in comparison to the advent of Muhammad. Could it then be logical that these noble Prophets would fail to prophesy the advent of Muhammad, that great Prophet in whose hand Allaah revived nations who were living like animals and were then transformed into the leaders of
mankind?!!

2. Whenever the People of the Scripture translated a text, and they came across a name, they would also translate it. This causes enormous confusion. Examples of this are many in their books.1 They did the same with the name of our Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wasallam.

3. The Christians take most of their doctrines from Paul. They rely on him in whatever they say and they regard him as one of the closest followers of Jesus. But in the estimation of the Muslims, Paul is no more than a cheat who changed the religion of Allaah with which He sent Prophet Jesus –peace be upon him. He was the one who introduced doctrine of trinity into Christianity. Therefore, all his sayings are, according to us, Muslims, are rejected.

The following are some of the texts from their recognized sources that indicate the prophethood of Muhammad: In the Old Testament recognized by the Jews, the Book of Deuteronomy, chapter 3 verse 2 reads thus: “The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from
--------------------------------------
1 See: Izhaar Al-Haqq by Rahmatullaah Al-Hindi 4/1097-1108

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mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them.”1

The meaning of ‘the coming of the Lord from Mount Sinai’ is His revelation of Torah to Prophet Moses from Mount and ‘His rising from Seir’ means revelation of the Gospel to Prophet Jesus Christ. For, Jesus was from Seir in the land of Galilee at a village called Nasareth.2

As for His shining forth from the Mount Paran, Paran is Makkah according to the unanimous view of the Muslims and fair-minded people of the Scripture.3

There is also proof supporting the authenticity of Muhammad’s prophethood in Genesis, chapter 31 verses 20 to 21 that read thus: “And God was with the lad, and he grew up; he lived in the wilderness, and became an expert with the bow. He lived in the wilderness of Paran; and his mother took a wife for him from the land of Egypt.”4

It is known with certainty that Ishmael grew up in Makkah.
So, this is a clear proof that the People of the Scripture cannot rebut.

Ibn Katheer asserts in his Tafseer that Paran is a name for Hijaz Mountains, according to the consensus of the scholars.

Allaah, the Exalted mentioned these three places in chronological order. When He swore with them, He did so in reverse order of
--------------------------------------
1 This is in according to King James Version.
2 See: Al-Jawaab As-Saheeh 2/300
3 Ibid.
4 This is according to the Revised Standard Version

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their importance. He firstly mentioned the least important, followed by the more important and then the most important.

Allaah says,
وَٱلتِّينِ وَٱلزَّيۡتُونِ (١) وَطُورِ سِينِينَ (٢) وَهَـٰذَا ٱلۡبَلَدِ ٱلۡأَمِينِ (٣)
(At-Teen 95:1-3)

“By the fig and the olive;”
“By Mount Sinai!”
By this city of security (Makkah). (At-Teen 95:1-3)

In the first verse, Allaah refers to a place in Jerusalem where Prophet Jesus –peace be upon him– lived. In the second verse, He refers to the mountain upon which He spoke to Moses –peace be upon him; and it the third verse, He refers to city from which Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam was sent, which is Makkah.1

Another proof of Muhammad’s prophethood is what we find in Deuteronomy, chapter 18 verses 17 – 22:
“17. And the LORD said unto me: They have well spoken that which they have spoken.
18. I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in
-----------------------------------
1 See: Shamaail Ar-Rasool p348. See also Jaami’

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his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.
19. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.
20. But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die.
21. And if thou say in thine heart: How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken?
22. When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follows not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: thou shalt not be afraid of him.”

The above text clearly indicated that the coming Prophet would be like Moses and no Prophet like Moses ever emerged from among the children of Israel.1

In Deuteronomy 34 verses 10-12, we read:
“10. And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face.
11. In all the signs and the wonders, which the LORD sent him to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land,
12. And in all that mighty hand, and in all the great terror which Moses shewed in the sight of all Israel.”

All the above disproved the claim that the prophecy alludes to Joshua or Jesus –peace be upon them.
---------------------------------
1 See: Nubuwwah Muhammad fil-Kitaab Al-Muqaddas p50

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Another proof from the text is the statement ‘like unto thee’. Muhammad’s resemblance of Moses manifests in many ways, some of which are as follows:
1. Each of them is a servant and a messenger of Allaah, brought laws and legislations, had biological parents, married and had children, and enjoined Jihaad on his followers.1

2. Both of them came with astounding miracles and challenged tyrants. But Allaah protected them and saved them from disbelieving people.

3. Both of them waged wars against enemies and Allaah gave them victories. The third proof is the statement, ‘from among their brethren’, the brethren of the Israelites are the children of Ishmael. The brethren here should not be interpreted as children of Israel, for, had that been the correct meaning, the statement would have been ‘from among yourselves’.2

The fourth proof is in the statement, ‘I will put my words in his mouth and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.’ This indicates the revelation of the Qur’aan which is Allaah’s word revealed to our Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam. The Prophet perfectly conveyed it and concealed nothing thereof. It also proves the falsity of the Jews’ claim that
---------------------------------------
1 See: Izhaarul-Haqq 4/1122-1123
2 See: Al-Wafa bi Ahwaal Al-Mustafa; Al-I’laam by Al-Qurtubi and Izhaarul-Haqq 4/1118-1120

57
promised Prophet was Joshua. For, Joshua did not bring any separate law. He only followed the law of Moses –peace be upon both of them.

The fifth proof is in the statement, ‘But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die’.

This statement explains the situation of the false claimant to prophethood who invents lies against Allaah that such a false prophet should be killed, thereby telling the difference between a true prophet and a false one. Had Muhammad not been truthful, his religion would have remained everlasting and it would have prevailed over other religions. More so, many Jewish scholars embraced Islaam because of Muhammad’s truthfulness which they realized, though many others turned away from this truth in injustice and envy.

In Book of Psalms chapter 45 verses 1-9, we have the following text: “My heart is inditing a good matter:
I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
2. Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
3. Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.
4. And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
5. Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.
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6. Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.
7. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
8. All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
9. Kings' daughters were among thy honorable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.”

One of the indisputable facts according to the People of the Scripture is that Prophet David –peace be upon him– was told of a Prophet who would come after him and whose descriptions were given above.

The Christians claim that it was Jesus –peace be upon him. But this is a false claim. For, the only person who these descriptions matched was Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam.

This could be explained in the following points: One:
The authentic narrations from Islaamic sources about his physical descriptions that he was one of the most handsome men matched the ones mentioned in the above biblical text. Al-Baraa –may Allaah be pleased with him– said, “The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam was the handsomest of all the people, and had the best appearance. He was neither very tall nor short.”1

Prophet Muhammad also took up a sword and no one took up sword and no Prophet besides him fought in the way of Allaah
----------------------------------------
1 Al-Bukhaari – Books of Virtues and Merits of the Prophet, hadeeth 3356; and Muslim
– Book of Virtues, hadeeth 2337

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after Prophet David. Muhammad was the Prophet at whose feet nations fell and by whose hand they entered into the religion of Allaah in groups.1

The statement, ‘Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness’ perfectly indicates one of the excellent qualities of Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam.

The statement, ‘Kings' daughters were among thy honorable women’: Actually, daughters of kings had served the Muslims.

This took place after the fall of the Persian and Roman empires. Prominent among these women is Shahrbano the daughter of Yazdajar,2 the Persian Emperor. She was under the Al-Hasan ibn Ali – may Allaah be pleased with them.

Therefore, all the above descriptions did not match Jesus –peace be upon him– contrary to the claim of the Christians. For, Jesus was never commanded to do Jihaad. He was rather commanded to sheath his sword, according to John chapter 18, verse 11

:
“Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath.” Jesus Christ -peace be upon him– never had daughters of kings under his control nor were gifts ever carried to him. He was\ rather, according to the Christians, crucified and humiliated.3 In Chapter 54 of the Book of Isaiah, verses 1 and 2, we have the following text:
----------------------------------------
1 See: Al-Jawaab As-Saheeh 3/318-319
2 Yazdajar was the last of Persian Kings. It was in his days that the Arabs conquered his country. He was killed in the year 11 A.H. during the caliphate of Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan.
See: Daairah Ma’aarif al-Qarn al-‘Ishreen 7/180
3 See: Izhaarul-Haqq 4/1150-1153

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Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood 2013_110
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
https://almomenoon1.0wn0.com/
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

عدد المساهمات : 30003
العمر : 68

Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Empty
مُساهمةموضوع: رد: Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood   Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood Emptyالإثنين 23 نوفمبر 2020, 7:40 pm


“1. Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.

2. Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let them stretch forth the curtains of thine habitations: spare not, lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes;

3. For thou shalt break forth on the right hand and on the left; and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and make the desolate cities to be inhabited.

4. Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more.” Let us analyze the above text.

The statement, ‘Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear’, alludes to Makkah and not Jerusalem, contrary to the claim of the Christians. For, no Prophet from the children of Ishmael –peace be upon him– had ever emerged from Makkah as opposed to Jerusalem where a number of Prophets had already emerged.

This statement likens Makkah to a barren woman who had never begotten a child for this reason.1

The statement, ‘for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife’: The people of the Scripture called the children of Hagar ‘children of the desolate’ because she lived in the desert. As for married wife, that was the title they gave to Sarah.
-------------------------------------
1 See: Al-I’laam by Al-Qurtubi 3/287-288
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In the New Testament, Book of John, chapter 14, verses 15, 16 and 17, we find the following passage attributed to Jesus –peace be upon him:
“14. If ye love me, keep my commandments. And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.”

In chapter 15 verses 26 and 27 of the same book, we find him saying:
“26. But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
27. And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.”

In chapter 14 verse 26, we read the following:
“26. But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.”

And in chapter 16 verses 7 and 8, we read the following:
“7. But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Comforter will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you.
 
8. And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment.”
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All the above biblical texts prophesied the coming of a Messenger after the Christ. The Christians claim that that messenger had come and they interpreted these verses with many incorrect interpretations. They claim that the comforter mentioned in the above texts is the third component of the Godhead, i.e. Holy Ghost.1

Ibn Taymiyyah –may Allaah have mercy upon him– said, “There are disagreements concerning the meaning of ‘Comforter’.

Some Christians claim that it is a spirit that descended upon the disciples of Jesus. Some claim that it is flames of fire that descended upon Jesus’ disciples. That is why experts on situations of the Christians believe that none of those who claim to follow Jesus knew the correct meaning of this promised Comforter.

Others claim that the said Comforter is Jesus himself because of his reappearance forty days after his alleged crucifixion.”2

The Muslims, however, believe that the above quoted passages allude to the coming of Muhammad – blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him. Evidences in support of this belief are as follows:
1. The Holy Ghost never descended upon Prophets who came before Jesus or those who came after him.

2. His saying, ‘and he shall give you another Comforter that he may abide with you for ever’: the word ‘another’
-------------------------------------
1 See: Nubuwwah Muhammad fil-Kitaab Al-Muqaddas p98-99
2 See: Al-Jawaab As-Saheeh 4/9

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indicates that it is another person who would be preceded by someone like unto him. And this description applies only to a person who can be physically seen, and not just an unseen soul. His saying, ‘that he may abide with you for ever’ indicates that Jesus could be not be referring to himself. The description, therefore, only fits someone whose message and laws shall abide for ever.

3. His saying, ‘if I do not go away, the Comforter will not come to you’ indicates that he will come only after the departure of the Christ –peace be upon him. This revealed the falsity of those who claim that the Comforter is Jesus Christ himself.

4. If we look at his saying, ‘when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment’, we will realise that it applies to Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam. For, he was the one who rebuked the world concerning sins such as disbelief, polytheism and disobedience to God. He was the one who rebutted the doctrine of trinity and called unto worshipping the One and Only God. He explained to humanity Names and Attributes of Allaah, and also explained all that He deserves from His servants of kinds of acts of worship in such a way that no Prophet had done before him.

5. Concerning his saying, ‘he shall testify of me. And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the
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beginning’, the statement is confirmed by Allaah’s noble saying in the Glorious Qur’aan:
وَإِذۡ قَالَ عِيسَى ٱبۡنُ مَرۡيَمَ يَـٰبَنِىٓ إِسۡرَٲٓءِيلَ إِنِّى رَسُولُ ٱللَّهِ إِلَيۡكُم مُّصَدِّقً۬ا لِّمَا بَيۡنَ يَدَىَّ مِنَ ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةِ وَمُبَشِّرَۢا بِرَسُولٍ۬ يَأۡتِى مِنۢ بَعۡدِى ٱسۡمُهُ ۥۤ أَحۡمَدُ‌ۖ فَلَمَّا جَآءَهُم بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ قَالُواْ هَـٰذَا سِحۡرٌ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬ (٦)
(As-Saff 61:6)

“And (remember) when 'Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said: "O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allâh unto you, confirming the Taurât ((Torah) which came) before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed. But when he (Ahmed i.e. Muhammad (peace be upon him)) came to them with clear proofs, they said: "This is plain magic." (As-Saff 61:6)

The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam did, surely, testified of Jesus and deemed him far above things that were falsely been attributed to him. He deemed him far above the insults of the Jews and extremism of the Christians. He affirmed for him the truth with which Allaah described him.1

As for the meaning of ‘Comforter’, interpretations of this word in its original Hebrew language, according to all the sources, revolve around ‘praise’.
---------------------------------------
1 See: Al-Jawaab As-Saheeh 4/9 and 17; and Izhaarul-Haqq 1191-1198

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Al-Qurtubi said, “The word in Roman language means ‘Muhammad’ (the praiseworthy) in Arabic language.”1 Some say it means: ‘Haamid’ or ‘Hammaad’ (which means the one praises Allaah). Some say it means: ‘Ahmad (more praiseworthy). The bottom line is that all the suggested
meanings revolve around ‘praise’ as it has been earlier on pointed out.

Other meanings are: ‘Helper’ and ‘Deliverer’ and both applied to Prophet Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam

Six:
In Matthew, chapter 4 verse and 23, we have the following passages:
“17. From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” And verse 23 read thus: “23. And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people.”

And in Matthew, chapter 3 verses 1 and 2, we read the following:

1. In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, 2. And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
-------------------------------------
1 See: Al-I’laam 2/255

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In Matthew, chapter 10, verse 7 we read the following passage:
 “7. And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.”

The glad tiding about the kingdom of heaven came from Prophet Jesus and Prophet John – peace be upon them. It also came from Jesus’ disciples. This indicates that the appearance of the promised kingdom would not be in the time of any of them. It then follows that what is meant by the kingdom is the news of the approaching prophethood of Muhammad, sallallaahu alayhi wasallam.

The word ‘kingdom’ denotes three things:

1. It will be in form of political authority and domination.
2. He who opposes it shall be killed.
3. It will be the divine law.

And all these denotations apply to the message and the law of Muhammad sallallaahu alayhi wasallam.

The above are just some of the evidences from the sources recognised by the People of the Scripture indicating the imminent appearance of the Prophet of Islaam. I would have cited more if not to avoid prolongation.

In the light of all the above, we can conclude with certainty that the People of the Scripture actually knew that Muhammad is the last Prophet. They possessed more convincing knowledge of this fact but they deliberately conceal the truth.
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Allaah describes them in the Qur’aan:
ٱلَّذِينَ ءَاتَيۡنَـٰهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ يَعۡرِفُونَهُ ۥ كَمَا يَعۡرِفُونَ أَبۡنَآءَهُمۡ‌ۖ وَإِنَّ فَرِيقً۬ا مِّنۡهُمۡ لَيَكۡتُمُونَ ٱلۡحَقَّ وَهُمۡ يَعۡلَمُونَ (١٤٦)
(Al-Baqarah 2:146)

“Those to whom We gave the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognize him (Muhammad (peace be upon him) or the Ka'bah at Makkah) as they recognize their sons. But verily, a party of them conceal the truth while they know it - (i.e. the qualities of Muhammad (peace be upon him) which are written in the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)).” (Al-Baqarah 2:146)
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Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood 2013_110
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Chapter One: Proofs of Muhammad’s Prophethood
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
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