|أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn|
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
عدد المساهمات : 26850
العمر : 67
|موضوع: Hashem Ibn Abdu-Manaf الإثنين 12 فبراير 2018, 7:22 am|| |
Religious Stories As-Seerah Series
By: Abdel-Hameed Guda As-Sahaar
Translated by: Dar al-Tarjama
– The English Convoy
Table of Contents
HASHEM IBN ABDU-MANAF 5
BOOK 1 5
ABDUL-MUTTALIB THE PROPHET’S (Peace be upon him) GRANDFATHER 9
BOOK 2 9
ABDULLAH AND AMENA 12
BOOK 3 12
BIRTH OF THE PROPHET 15
BOOK 4 15
HALIMA OF BANI-SA’AD 18
BOOK 5 18
THE ORPHAN 21
BOOK 6 21
KHADIJAH BINT-KHOWAYLED 24
BOOK 7 24
THE REVELATION 27
BOOK 8 27
THE EARLIER MUSLIMS 30
BOOK 9 30
BOOK 10 33
IMMIGRATION TO HABASHA (ABYSSINIA) 37
BOOK 11 37
DAYS OF HARDSHIP 40
BOOK 12 40
THE IMMIGRATION 44
BOOK 13 44
THE BATTLE OF BADR 47
BOOK 14 47
THE BATTLE OF UHUD 51
BOOK 15 51
THE BATTLE OF AL-KHANDAQ (THE TRENCH) 55
BOOK 16 55
AL-HUDAIBIYAH TREATY 59
BOOK 17 59
THE CALL TO ISLAM 63
BOOK 18 63
THE CONQUEST OF MAKKAH 67
BOOK 19 67
THE BATTLE OF HONAYN 70
BOOK 20 70
THE BATTLE OF TABOUK 74
BOOK 21 74
THE FAREWELL PILGRIMAGE 77
BOOK 22 77
THE VIRTUOUS PROPHET 81
BOOK 23 81
THE DEATH OF THE MESSENGER 84
BOOK 24 84
Hashem Ibn Abdu-Manaf
Ibrahim (peace be upon him)1 (Abraham) was living with his family in Palstine, when he received Allah's2 order to take his wife Hajar and his son Isma'il (peace be upon him) (Ishmael) and leave to Al-Hejaz. He was to leave them there, in the desert, where Makkah stands today. Allah's aim was to make a great nation out of Isma'il's offspring. Ibrahim (peace be upon him) obeyed the order of Allah (Almighty)3 and took his wife and son to Al-Hejaz, leaving them in a deserted place that did not have water or food. Ibrahim (peace be upon him) then went back to Palestine.
Isma'il (peace be upon him) was very young and he needed a lot of water. However, Hajar soon ran out of it. Therefore, she had to leave her baby, and find some water. She kept going back and forth but with no success. She was very sad that she would have to go back to her baby with no water. Once she got back to her baby, she realized Allah's mercy toward them in that empty place when she saw water coming out of the earth. There was a particular sound to the water (called ‘Zamzama’ in Arabic). So the well was named ‘Zamzam’. She helped her baby take a drink and then she had some. They lived by the well after that.
A while later, Ibrahim (peace be upon him) returned to visit them. When he was there, he and his son got the order from Allah (Almighty) to rebuild the Ka’ba because it had been destroyed. The Ka’ba was the first place on earth to be dedicated to the worship of Allah (Almighty). They obeyed and prayed, ‘Our Lord! Send to them a Messenger of their own.’ Allah had not ordered Ibrahim (peace be upon him) to leave Hajar and Isma'il (peace be upon him) in the desert for no reason. There was a reason, known only to Allah (Almighty). Allah (Almighty) had promised Ibrahim (peace be upon him) that Isma'il (peace be upon him) would have many children. It was destined that a great Prophet would come out of Isma’il’s offspring to guide the people. He was Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)4, son of Abdullah.
By that time, Zamzam became a stop for traders who used to get the water and rest they needed there. Slowly, that place became a great city, famous for its trade; it was called Makkah.
Isma'il's family grew in number, and then they divided into tribes. Quraysh was the most famous tribe. The head of Quraysh was the one who was responsible for ‘Refada’ (hosting the poor and pilgrims). He paid from his own money and the money of the rich to take care of people coming from all over the Arabian Peninsula to visit the noble Ka'ba. He was also in charge of both ‘Seqayah’ (providing pilgrims with water) and ‘Lewaa’ (giving the flag of war to the leader during the wars between tribes, as a signal for starting the war).
1 AS= Alaihy al-Salam- Peace be Upon him.
2 The word Allah is the Arabic term for God. Although the use of the word "Allah" is most often associated with Islam, it is not used exclusively by Muslims; Arab Christians and Arabic-speaking Jews also use it to refer to the One God. The Arabic word expresses the unique characteristics of the One God more precisely than the English term. Whereas the word "Allah" has no plural form in Arabic, the English form does, and the word 'Allah' in Arabic has no connotation of gender. Allah is the God worshipped by all Prophets, from Adam to Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad. (the translator)
3 SWT = Suhanahu wa Ta'ala [Glorified and Exalted Be He].
4 Salla Allah alayhe Wa Salam [All Prayers and Blessings of Allah be upon him]Religions Stories As-Seerah Series 5 by: Adbel-Hameed Guda As-Sahaar
All three, ‘Refada’,’ Seqayah’, and ‘Lewaa’, were signs of honor and power. The tribe of Quraysh was responsible for all three because it was the richest and most honored tribe of all tribes in the Arabian Peninsula.
Eventually, Zamzam became filled with sand and disappeared. Nobody knew where it was. Gradually, the Arabs forgot about worshipping Allah (Almighty). They brought idols from the lands they visited while trading. They placed the idols inside the Ka’ba and worshipped them. They kept bringing more of them until there were 360 idols. The Arabs used to glorify them during their visits at the season of pilgrimage. They forgot about the fact that the Ka’ba was built only for worshipping Allah (Almighty).
Young Abdu-Manaf was the son of Qussay, ruler of Quraysh. Abdu-Manaf was sitting in his house with a worried look on his face, because his wife was in labor. He wished the baby would be a boy, so that his elder son Muttalib would have a brother. Qussay’s house was where all the great ceremonies and decisions used to take place like weddings, meetings to discuss various issues, and even war decisions. Abdu-Manaf grew up in this house. He used to see his father's generosity, so he inherited this generosity. He was also brought up in a place where people hated baby girls. They used to bury their baby girls alive, fearing they would bring them shame and dishonor.
Abdu-Manaf kept waiting in worry, afraid of having a baby girl. At last, the good news came; “your wife has given birth to twin boys!” He was so happy that he could not wait to see them. When he did, he was surprised. The twins were connected; one’s toe was connected to the forehead of the other. He called for someone to separate the twins.
When they did, the twins bled. The Arabs used to think blood was an evil sign. Then someone said, “blood will be shed between these two twins”. As if fate had made its decision, all the people there bowed their heads. Later, the old prediction turned out to be true. One of the twins was surnamed Hashem, though his father named him Amr. The other was Abd-Shams whose son would be Omayyah. No one would have guessed that many wars would be waded between the ‘Omayyads’ and the ‘Hashems’.
Abdu-Manaf and all his brothers became great men to their people. However, Abdul-Dar was weak, despite being the most faithful son of Qussay. Qussay wanted him to be an important man, like his brothers. So he called him and said, “I swear by Allah, I shall help you keep up with those people even though they are more important than you. No man will enter the Ka’ba unless you open it for him. No flag will be raised for Quraysh’s war except by your hands. No man in Makkah will drink except from your water. No one of the visitors will eat except from your food, and Quraysh will take no decisions except in your house”. Then Qussay died and Abdul-Dar received the ‘Hijaba’ (permission to enter the Ka’ba), ‘Refada’,’ Seqayah’, and ‘Lewaa’.
The twins Amr and Abd-Shams grew up and became popular. One night they met with their brother Al-Muttalib to discuss the condition of Abdul-Dar’s sons. They found that Qussay was unfair to them when he gave Abdul-Dar the honors of ‘Refada’, ’Seqayah’, ‘Lewaa’ and the ‘Hijaba’. They then decided to take what the children of Abdul-Dar had.
They thought they deserved these privileges more, since they were more important and respected by their people. They asked the children of Abdul-Dar to give up their privileges but they refused. Hence, Abdu-Manaf’s sons decided to fight them to get back their rights. The children of Abdu-Manaf, and those who followed them, took a bowl full of perfume and put it around the Ka’ba. They washed their hands in it and swore to fight till they take over as rulers. Then the children of Abdul-Dar, and those who supported them, took a bowl of blood, washed their hands in it and swore that they would defend their honor.
After a while they saw that it would be better to come to an agreement, and they agreed that the children of Abdu-Manaf would take the ‘Refada’, ’Seqayah’ and that the children of Abdul-Dar would take the ‘Hijaba’, ‘Lewaa’ and ‘Dar al-Nadwa’, where they got together to talk about important things.
Amr Ibn Abdu-Manaf took over feeding and watering the travelers, since he was rich, and his twin brother Abd-Shams traveled to the Levant (the region comprising Syria, Palestine and Lebanon in the past) since he liked to travel.
Amr, who became the chief of his people, noticed that in the winter, the Arabs used to go to the warm desert to get away from the cold, and search for water and food for their animals, while in the summer they used to go to cooler lands to escape the heat.
Therefore, Amr decided to organize trips for Quraysh. One was in the winter, where the caravans would go to Yemen & Abyssinia, where it was warm. Another one in the summer where the caravans would go to the Levant, where the air is nice and the water is pure.
The roads during these times were not safe. There were thieves all around who would steal all of the goods. Amr wanted to make the road safe so he went to Caesar in the Levant and made a deal with him to protect the caravans. He sent his brother Al-Muttalib to Al-Najashi (Negus the King of Abyssinia) and the kings of Hemear to make a deal with them for having the roads safer. As a result, Makkah grew and became an important trade centre.
After some time, Quraysh suffered a year of famine and the people were unable to find food. They asked for Amr's help. He gave them what he had, but it all disappeared soon. People became too hungry so Amr went to the Levant and bought lots of food.
When he returned to Makkah, people greeted him warmly. He gave them food, fed them bread, which he used to break with his own hands, slaughtered camels for them, and ordered the cooks to cook for them. Quraysh never forgot this favor and that was why they surnamed him Hashem (the breaker), because he used to break the bread and feed them.
Abd-Shams gave birth to a baby boy, whom he named Omayyah. Omayyah grew up to be a rich man. When he learned about the people's love of Hashem, he wanted to do as many good deeds as Hashem so that the people would love him too. Therefore, he started spending his money in charity and feeding the poor. However, the people didn’t love him like they loved Hashem, so they started teasing him, saying, “Are you trying to imitate Hashem? You will never be his equal.”
Omayyah got mad and called Hashem names and claimed to be better than him. He went to Hashem and asked him to go with him to someone who would give the final say about who was better. Hashem did not like the idea because he was old and a very important person. However, Omayyah insisted and Hashem sadly agreed to the challenge on condition that the loser would slaughter 50 camels and give the meat to the poor. Another condition was that the loser would stay out of Makkah for ten years.
Omayyah accepted these two conditions. Both parties went to the man who would decide along with their friends. Upon seeing them, the man said, “Hashem is better (in deeds) than Omayyah.” So, Hashem took the camels from Omayyah, slaughtered them, and fed the poor. Feeling ashamed, Omayyah left for the Levant. That marked the first division between the families of Hashem and Omayyah. It never occurred to Omayyah's mind that his Religions Stories As-Seerah Series 7 by: Adbel-Hameed Guda As-Sahaar family would become great rulers in the Levant because of the revelation of Prophet Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (Peace be upon him), a descendant of Hashem's family.
On one of the summer trade journeys, Hashem led a caravan heading towards the Levant where he would buy some goods and sell them in the markets of Yemen and Abyssinia. On his way, he passed by Yathrib (Madinah) where he found an annual market. He decided to make some trade deals there. While he was trading, he saw a beautiful woman standing in a place overlooking the market. That woman was giving orders for what she wanted to buy and sell. Looking at her, Hashem found before him a woman with a strict nature and a beautiful face. He asked about her and whether she was married or not. Knowing that she was single, he was also told that, because of her high rank among her people, she decided not to marry a man unless she had the right to leave him if she disliked him. Hashem pondered the matter and then made up his mind to ask her hand in marriage.
The lady's name was Salma daughter of Amr Ibn-Zaid, and she knew that the man asking her hand was very important among his people and was a descendant of a noble family. Therefore, she accepted his marriage proposal. Hashem made a banquet and invited 40 friends from the tribe of Quraysh and some men from Madinah. He married Salma and stayed in Madinah for many days. Then, he left to the Levant, leaving Salma carrying a child.
Salma gave birth to a lovely baby boy. The boy's head had some white hairs so he was named Shaibah (an Arabic word meaning, white hair). Hashem used to pass by Madinah whenever he went on a summer trade journey to the Levant. On his last journey and while he was in Gaza, he complained of having some pain. He called some of his friends and asked them to carry his possessions back to his son in Madinah.
Hashem then died in Gaza and his friends did what he had asked them. They gave Hashem's possessions to little Shaibah who had no idea about the great honor fate was hiding for him; and no honor is greater than being one of Allah's Messenger's (Peace be upon him) family, let alone being his grandfather.
5 The Elephant army, which came from Yemen under the command of Abrahah Al-Ashram intending to destroy the Ka‘bah at Makkah