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 How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj, ‘Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Masjid

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مُساهمةموضوع: How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj, ‘Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Masjid   07/09/16, 04:05 pm

How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj, ‘Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Masjid
by:
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Sâlih al-‘Uthaymeen
d. 1421 h.
========
Copyright © Sunday, 24 Rajab 1424 AH / 21st Sept. 2003 CE
This book is not copyrighted. Any or all parts of this book may be used for educational purposes as long as the information used is not in any way quoted out of context or used for profit.


This material has been reviewed and forwarded for publishing and distribution by the English language section of the Department of Islamic Resources.

If you have any corrections, comments, or questions about this publication, please feel free t contact us at:
en@islamhouse.com
www.islamhouse.com
==================
Prologue
In The Name of Allah
The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Universe. May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad, the last of the prophets and messengers, and upon his family and esteemed companions.

Hajj1 is one of the best forms of worship and is one of the most sublime deeds, for it is one of the pillars of Islam with which Allah sent Muhammad (Peace be upon him). A servant’s religion is incomplete without it.

Worship is only acceptable if it meets the following two criteria:


1. One devotes it to Allah alone, desiring the Hereafter.2 It cannot be done with the intention of being seen by others3 or for worldly gain.

2. One follows the Prophet’s (Peace be upon him) example, in words and deeds.

This cannot be accomplished except through knowledge of the Sunnah.4


1 Hajj: The pilgrimage which every able Muslim must make to Makkah once in their lifetime.

2 This is called Ikhlaas, or making one’s worship purely for Allah and seeking the Hereafter.

3 This is known as riyaa’, when someone does an act of worship to be seen by others.

Forms of Pilgrimage
There are three forms of Hajj:
1) Tamattu’

2) Ifraad
3) Qiraan

==================
Tamattu’5
During the months of Hajj, a pilgrim wears the Ihraam6 making his intention for ‘Umrah7 only.
He proceeds to Makkah and makes Tawaaf and Sa’yi for ‘Umrah. He then shaves or clips his hair. On the day of Tarwiyah, which is the eighth of Dhul-Hijjah, he wears his Ihraam again but this time making the intention for
Hajj only, and then he carries out all of its requirements.

4 The Sunnah is the Prophet ‘way’ of doing things, his speech, actions, and tacit approvals. These have been narrated to us through hadeeth, or narrations about the Prophet (Peace be upon him).

5 Tamattu’: This type of Hajj is one in which a person performs an ‘Umrah and then a Hajj, both separately.

6 Ihraam: the state which pilgrims enter, upon which certain things become prohibited for them. Many times, as here, the word is used to denote the clothing worn when performing Hajj or ‘Umrah.

7 ‘Umrah: Minor Hajj: the combination of Tawaaf and Sa’yi.

Ifraad8
A pilgrim wears the Ihraam, making his intention for Hajj only.

He proceeds to Makkah and performs Tawaaf for his arrival9 and Sa’yi for Hajj. He does not shave or clip his hair as he does not disengage from Ihraam. Instead, he remains in his Ihraam till after he stones Jamrah al-‘Aqabah10 on the day of ‘Eid. It is permissible for him to postpone his Sa’yi of Hajj until after his Tawaaf of Hajj.11

Qiraan12
A pilgrim wears the Ihraam, making his intention for both ‘Umrah and Hajj, or he may make intention for ‘Umrah only, then makes the intention for Hajj only, and then adds the intention for Hajj before the Tawaaf of Hajj (Ifaadah). The obligations on one performing Ifraad are the same as those performing Qiraan, except that the latter must slaughter whereas the former is not obligated to do so. 


The best of the three forms is Tamattu’. It is the form that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) encouraged his followers to perform.

8 Ifraad: This type of Hajj is one in which a person performs a Hajj only without an ‘Umrah.

9 This tawaaf is called the ‘Tawaaf-ul-Qudoom’, the Tawaaf performed when one first reaches Makkah. It is not obligatory.

10 Jamrah: the structure at which one throws stones in Minaa.

11 The Tawaaf of Hajj is also called the ‘Tawaaf-ul-Ifaadah’.

12 Qiraan: This type of Hajj is one in which a person combines the rites of Hajj and ‘Umrah, not performing each one separately.

Even if a pilgrim makes intentions to perform Qiraan or Ifraad, he is allowed to change his intentions to Tamattu’; he can do this even after he has performed Tawaaf and Sa’yi.

When the Prophet (Peace be upon him) performed Tawaaf and Sa’yi during the year of the Farewell Hajj with his companions, he ordered all those who had not brought sacrificial animals to change their intentions for Hajj to intentions for ‘Umrah, cut their hair, and disengage from their Ihraam till Hajj.

He said:
“If I hadn’t brought the sacrificial animal, I’d have done what I’ve ordered you to do.”

The ‘Umrah
If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for ‘Umrah, he should take off his clothing and bathe as he would in order to purify himself rom a state of Janaabah13 if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best perfume he can find14. There is no harm in what remains of it on his body after wearing the Ihraam.

Bathing for Ihraam is Sunnah for both men and women, including menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding.

After bathing and preparing himself, a pilgrim, other than those menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, prays the obligatory prayer if it is its time. Otherwise, he makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rak‘ahs of wudoo´.15

When he finishes the prayer, he should say [the Talbiyyah]:
لبيك اللهم عمرة. لبيك اللهم لبيك. لبيك لا شريك لك لبيك. إن الحمد والنعمة لك والملك. لا شريك لك.


13 Janaabah: the state one enters after sexual discharge or upon having sexual intercourse, which requires a complete bath for purification.

14 He should not apply it to his clothes. Also, it is not permissible for women     to do this, as they are in public.

15 One of the Sunnah prayers is the prayer of wudoo´, a prayer consisting of two rak’ahs performed whenever a person makes wudoo´.

“Labbaika ‘Umratan. Labbaik-Allaahumma labbaik. Labbaika laa shareeka laka labbaik.
Inn-al-hamda wanni’mata laka wal-mulk. Laa shareeka lak.”

“Here I am at your service for ‘Umrah. Here I am at your service, Oh Allah, here I am at your service. Here I am at your service. You have no partner. Here I am at your service. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partner.”

A man should raise his voice when saying this, while a woman should only say it loud enough that the person beside her may hear.

One in Ihraam should say the Talbiyyah as often as possible, especially when times and places change, such as when descending or ascending during travel or when day or night approach. He should also ask Allah for His pleasure, for Heaven, and seek refuge in Allah’s mercy from Hellfire.

One should say the Talbiyyah during ‘Umrah, starting from the time he puts on his Ihraam till he starts Tawaaf. During Hajj he should say it starting from the time he puts on his Ihraam till he starts to stone Jamrah al-’Aqabah on the day of Eid.

When a pilgrim enters the Holy Masjid, he puts forth his right foot first and says:
بسم الله، والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله. اللهم اغفر لي وافتح لي أبواب رحمتك. أعوذ بالله العظيم وبوحهه الكريم وبسلطانه القديم من الشيطان الرجيم.


“Bismillahi, was-Salaatu was-Salaamu ‘alaa rasoolillaah. Allahumm-aghfir li, waftahli abwaaba rahmatik.

A‘oodhu billah-il-‘Adheem, wa bi wajhih-il-Kareem, wa bi sultaanih-il-Qadeem min ash-Shaytaan-ir-Rajeem.”

“In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah. Oh Allah, forgive me my sins and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan.”

He should approach the Black Stone, touch it with his right hand and kiss it. If this isn’t possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it [with his hand].

It is best not to push, shove, and crowd, causing harm and being harmed by other people.

When touching the Stone, the pilgrim should say the following:
بِسْمِ اللهِ، اللهُ أكبَرُ. اللَّهُمَّ إِيْمَانًا بِكَ وَتَصْدِيقا بِكِتَابِكَ وَوَفاءً بِعَهْدِكَ  وَاتِّبَاعًا لِسُنَّةِ نَبِيِّكَ مُحَمَّدٌ (Peace be upon him)


“Bismillahi, Allahu Akbar. Allahumma Eemaanan bika wa tasdeeqan bi kitaabik, wa wafaa`an bi ‘ahdik, wattibaa’an li sunnati nabiyyika Muhammad (Peace be upon him).

“In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest. Oh, Allah, with faith in You, belief in Your Book, loyalty to you, and in compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him).

The pilgrim must then walk [around the Ka’bah], keeping it on his left (counter clockwise). When he reaches the Rukn al-Yamani (the Yemeni Corner – the corner before the corner of the Black Stone) he should touch, but not kiss it, saying:
رَبَنَا آتِنَا فيِ الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً، وَفيِ الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً، وَقِنَا عَذابَ النَّارِ. اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أسْألُكَ الْعَفْوَ وَالْعَافِيَة فيِ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ.


“Rabbanaa aatinaa fid-dunyaa hasanah, wa fil-aakhirati hasanah, wa qinaa ‘adhaab-an-naar. Allahumma inni as`aluka al-‘afwa wal-‘aafiyyah fid-dunyaa walaakhirah.”

“Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell fire. Oh Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health and safety in this life and in the Hereafter.”

Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say, “Allahu Akbar.”

During the remainder of his Tawaaf, he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of the Qur`aan.

This is because the Tawaaf, the Sa’yi, and the stoning of the Jamaraat have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allah.
Following that, God willing,


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj, ‘Umrah and Visiting the Prophet’s Masjid   07/09/16, 04:14 pm

[url=http://les-nobles-caracteres.over-blog.com/tag/aquida - manhaj/][/url]
During this Tawaaf it is necessary for men to do two things:
1. Al-Idtibaa’ from the beginning of Tawaaf until the end. Al-Idtibaa’ means placing the middle of one’s Ridaa’16 under his right 16 The cloth of the Ihraam which covers the upper part of the man’s body.

arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder (thus uncovering his right shoulder).

When he is finished performing Tawaaf, he may return his Ridaa’ to its original state because the time for Idtibaa’ is only during Tawaaf.17

2. Ar-Raml during the first three circuits. Ar-Raml means to speed up one’s pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits.

When he completes seven circuits of Tawaaf, he should approach the Maqam Ibraaheem [Station of Ibraaheem] and recite:
﴿واتخذوا من مقام إبراهيم مصلى﴾
“Wat-takhidhu mim-maqaami Ibraaheema Musallaa.”

“And take the station of Ibraaheem as a place of Prayer.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2)]

He prays two short Rak‘ahs, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam Ibraahim. During the first Rak‘ah, he should recite Surah al-Kaafiroon [Surah 109], and during the second Rak‘ah Surah al-lkhlaas [Surah 112].

When he completes the two Rak‘ahs, he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He should then proceed to the Mas‘aa18, and when he nears as-Safaa, he should recite:19

17 A common misconception is that the ridaa’ must be worn in that manner all the time. This is not true, a person must cover both their shoulders, especially during the prayer.
﴿إن الصفا والمروة من شعائر الله﴾
“Innas-Safaa wal-Marwata min Sha‘aa`ir-illah.”
“Verily As-Safaa and Al-Marwah are among the shrines of Allah.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2)]

He should ascend as-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka’bah. Facing the Ka’bah and raising his hands, he should praise Allah and make any supplications he wishes. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) prayed thus:20
لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل » شيء قدير. لا إله إلا الله، أنجز وعده، ونصر عبده، وهزم الأحزاب « وحده
“Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahulmulku wa lahul-hamd, wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shay`in qadeer.

Laa ilaaha ill-Allahu wahdahu, anjaza wa’dah, wa nasara ‘abdah, wa hazam-al-ahzaaba wahdah.”

18 Mas‘aa: Literally the place of Sa’yi. The place where one walks and runs between Safaa and Marwah.

19 In other reports, he should then say:
« أبدأ بما بدأ به الله »
“Abda`u bimaa bada`u bih-illaah.”
“I start with that with which Allah started.”

20 In other reports, he should first make the takbeer three times, saying:
“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.”  “There is no Deity worthy of worship but Allah alone, without any partners, His is all dominion and praise, and He is Able to do all things. 


There is no Deity worthy of worship but Allah alone, without any partners, He fulfilled His promise, brought victory to His slave, and single-handedly defeated the allied forces [who fought against the Prophet (Peace be upon him).”

He would say this three times, supplicating [with what he willed] in between.

He should descend from as-Safaa and head for al-Marwah at a normal pace until he reaches the green marker. He should then run as fast as he is able until he reaches the next green marker.

He continues toward al-Marwah at a normal pace. When he reaches it, he should ascend it, face the Qiblah , raise his hands and repeat what he said on as-Safaa. He should then descend al- Marwah and head towards as-Safaa, taking care to walk where walking is designateds and to run where running is designated.

He continues this procedure until he completes seven circuits.

Going from as-Safaa to al-Marwah is considered to be one circuit and returning is another.

During his Sa’yi, he may recite what he wills of supplications, recitation of Qur`aan, and mentioning of Allah.

Upon completion of the Sa’yi, he should shave his head. A woman should clip her hair the