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 The Book of Hajj and Umrah

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
أحــمــد لــبــن AhmadLbn
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مُساهمةموضوع: The Book of Hajj and Umrah   30/08/16, 05:26 am

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The Book of Hajj and Umrah
Mahmoud Murad
God forgive him
and his parents
and to Muslims
=============
1. The Merits of the Hajj   4

2. The Status of the Hajj in Islam   5
3. Al-Mawaqeet   6
4. The Ihram   8
5. The Purpose of Ihram   9
6. Prohibited Things during Ihram   11
7. The Types of Hajj   16
8. Entering Makkah   18
9. The Procedure of the Umrah   19
10. The Procedure of Hajj   23
11. The Fundamental Rites of the Hajj   31
12. The Obligatory Duties of the Hajj   32
13. The Fundamental Rites of the Umrah   33
14. The Obligatory Duties of the Umrah   34
15. The Udh’hiyah and the Aqiqah   36
16. The Time of Sacrificing the Animal   37
Index

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May Allah reward them for their efforts. If you have any corrections, comments, or questions about this publication, please feel free to contact us at: en@islamhouse.com

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The Book of Hajj and Umrah
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Preface
Verily all the praises are due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. And we seek refuge in Allah from the evils of ourselves and from our wicked deeds.

Whosoever has been guided by Allah, none can misguide him and whosoever has been misguided by Allah, none can guide him.

I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant & messenger.

By His Grace, kindness & help, Allah has made easy the compilation of this book (The Book of Hajj & Umrah) after several references.

It includes several subjects of the Pilgrimage (eg. Merits of the Hajj, Status of the Hajj in Islam, Al-Mawaqeet, The Ihram & other commandments).

This book is, in fact, a part of the other book of the author entitled as (The Concise Book of Islamic Fiqh).

May Allah, Glory be to Him, treat this attempt as entirely pure & sincere for His Sake. May Allah highly benefit, with it, the writer, the reader and all the Muslims. He is the All Hearer, the All Responsive.

In The Name of Allaah, Most Merciful, Most Compassionate

The Book of the Hajj and the Umrah
* The Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. It was prescribed in the ninth year after the Hijrah.

The Hajj, the vistiation to Makkah for performing certain rituals at certain times.*

1. The Merits of the Hajj
1. The Hajj is a practical manifestation of Islamic fraternity whereby a Muslim feels he is the brother of every Muslim in the world.

2. The Hajj is also a practical expression of the unity and equality of the Muslim nation regardless of race, color, or homeland. They all have on Rubb, and one Book, and one Qiblah.

3. The Hajj is a school in which a Muslim learns perseverance,generosity, co-operation, forbearance, and love. He also enjoys the beauty of the submission to Allah, from Whom the Muslim receives forgiveness and benevolence.

4. The Hajj is an Islamic university which gives joy to all Muslims and fills with fear the hearts of the enemies of Islam and Muslims everywhere.

5. The Hajj is a great season for earning rewards. In it the rewards are multiplied and the sins are effaced. The pilgrim returns home after performing it sin-free as the day he was born.

6. The Hajj constitutes a declaration against Satan and his accomplices on one hand, and means opening a new page in dealing with Allah through sincerity and repentance on the other.

2. The Status of the Hajj in Islam
* The Hajj is a duty on every adult, sane, free Muslim who is capable of performing it once in a lifetime. A capable person is the one who can afford the trip financially and health wise.

* If an under-aged performed the Hajj, it would be considered as supererogatory for him, but he still has to perform it once he has reached the age of puberty to fulfill it as and obligatory act of worship.

* If a Muslim is unable to perform the Hajj due to old age, terminal illness or the like, he must deputize someone to perform it on his behalf at his own cost.

* As for a woman, she must have a Mahram to accompany her, such as a husband, a male sibling of hers, a father, a son, a brother, or an uncle, as a precondition for the incumbency of Hajj upon her. Although her Hajj would by valid, yet she would commit a sin if she goes for Hajj by herself.

* A Muslim must first perform Hajj for himself before performing it on behalf of someone else.

* It is praiseworthy for the pilgrim to give out to the poor people in the Haram (The Masjid al-Haram in Makkah) and be charitable more often.

* The provisions and expenses of the Hajj must be earned lawfully.

* It is permissible for a menstruating woman, and a woman in postnatal period to have a bath or shower upon entering the state of Ihram for the purpose of performing the Hajj or the Umrah.

She must remain in her Ihram in Makkah until she becomes clean and have a bath thereafter to complete the Hajj rituals.

3. Al-Mawaqeet
(The Mawaqeet (pl. of Miqat), points at which pilgrims on their way to perform the Hajj or the Umrah assume the state of Ihram, that is, consecration and the ritual dress that marks it).

* Al-Mawaqeet are of two kinds:
a - The Mawaqeet in terms of time: the months of the Hajj season.

b - The Mawaqeet in terms of location. The Muslim intending to perform the Hajj, or the Umrah must enter the state of Ihram before crossing them.

These points are:
1. Dthul-Hulaifah, the Miqat of the residents of Madinah and those passing through it. It is 435 km from Makkah. It is the furthest Miqat from Makkah.
It is also known as Abbyar Ali.

2. Al-Juhfah, the Miqat of the residents of Syria and Egypt as well as of those passing through those two countries. It is a village located near Rabig which is 180 km away from Makkah. Nowadays people enter the Ihram from Rabigh.

3. Yalamlam, the Miqat of the people of Yemen and countries aligned with it, and for those passing through them.

Yalamlam is a valley which is 92 km away from Makkah.

4. Qarn al-Manazil, the Miqat of the people of Najd, Taif, and those passing through them. It is also known as As-Sayl Al-Kabeer, which is 75 km away from Makkah, and the valley of Muhram is the highest point in Qarn al-Manazil.

5. Dthat irq, the miqat of the people of Iraq, Khurasan, middle and nort of Najd, the towns aligned with them, as well as for those passing through them. This Miqat is a valley which is approximately 100 km away from Makkah.

* Those living within the radius of the Mawaqeet may enter the Ihram from the place in which they live.

* A Makkan intending to perform the Hajj may enter the Ihram in Makkah itself, but if he intends to perform Umrah, he may enter the Ihram from any place outside the boundaries of the Haram, such as Masjid Aa’ishah in the Tan’eem, or Al-Ju’ranah.

* If a person traveling to Makkah in a direction other than his town’s Miqat, he may assume his Ihram from any nearest point to a Miqat aligned with his town’s Miqat. This applies to those coming to Makkah by air, sea, or land.

* It is not permissible for anyone intending to perform the Hajj or the Umrah to cross the Miqat without entering the state of Ihram. He who does so must return to the Miqat to assume Ihram, or to assume Ihram from wherever he happens to be, provided he sacrifices a sheep as an expiation. If he assumes his Ihram before arriving at the Miqat, though it is unpraiseworthy, but his Hajj remains valid.
Following that, God willing,


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: The Book of Hajj and Umrah   30/08/16, 05:48 am

4. The Ihram
* The Ihram is the practical intention of beginning the rituals of the Hajj or the Umrah. It is also the name of the towels the pilgrim wraps around himself.

5. The Purpose of Ihram
Allah has made His Inviolable House sacred, and assigned inviolable points of entry as sacred, that no one may cross them before performing certain rituals and certain intention.

It is the Sunnah to have a shower before wearing the Ihram, to shave the armpits, clip the nails, wear perfume, and wrap himself from below the chest with white fabric, and drape another piece over the shoulders. The pilgrim must avoid wearing any sewn garment, socks or shoes, and to perform thereafter, two Rak’aat making intention in his mind of what he is about to perform Hajj or Umrah then to recite in an audible voice: {O Allah! Here I am responding to Your call to perform (naming what he intends to do Hajj or Umrah) and to follow that by saying: “If I am held back by an obstacle I may break my Ihram in the place in which You hold me.”}

Thus, if anything happens to him such as sickness or any reason that may prevent him from performing his rituals, he may break his Ihram without having to expiate for it.

* It is praiseworthy for the pilgrim to say upon commencing the Hajj rites: “O Allah! Here I am responding to You in performing the Hajj.” If he wants to perform the Hajj or to say: “in performing the Umrah” (depending on his intention).

* It is the Sunnah to recite the following Talbiyah after entering the state of Ihram: {Here I am O Allah. Her I am! Here I am O Allah. Her I am! Surely all the praise is Yours, and the Dominion.

There is no associate with You. Here I am!}
A man recites the above in an audible voice, while a woman privately.

* He who performs the Umrah stops Talbiyah once he commences the Tawaf or circumambulation while a person performing Hajj stops it upon throwing the stones at Jamrat al-Aqabah.

6. Prohibited Things during Ihram.
1. Shaving or trimming hair from any part of the body.
2. Clipping finger nails, or toe nails.
3. Covering the head (for male) and covering the face for women if no male strangers are around.
4. Wearing sewn clothes by male (shirts, pants, and the like).
5. Wearing perfume.
6. Hunting.
7. Consummating Marriage.

8. Sexual intercourse, if it took place during the first Ihram then Hajj or Umrah is nullified, and the pilgrim must offer a sacrificial animal and complete the rituals, and must return next year to perform the Hajj or the Umrah all over again. But if it took place during the second Ihram, then the Hajj is not nullified, they must, however, offer a sacrificial animal.

9. The Mubasharah (contacting the woman skin to skin) without insertion.
If a man ejaculates, his Hajj remains valid, but he must offer a camel. If he did not ejaculate, he must offer a sheep.

* Whatever applies to men from the above prohibitions applies to women, except for wearing sewn clothes. A woman may wear any clothes (any clothes that conform with the Islamic dress codes) as long as she does not wear make-up or perfume. She must cover her hair, not her face. Wearing of the Burqu’ (a veil with which a woman covers her face having in it two holes for the eyes) and gloves are prohibited for her. Wearing jewelry is permissible for her.

* The preliminary breaking of the Ihram may be marked by doing two of the following: Tawaf, throwing the stones, or shaving, or shortening the hair.

* If a woman performing Tamattu’ type of Hajj, (to perform Umrah then Hajj breaking the Ihram in between) menstruated before starting the Tawaf and feared she might miss some of the Hajj rites, she may enter the Ihram with the intention of performing the Qiraan type of Hajj (performing both Umrah and Hajj with one Ihram). Both, women in menstruation or in postnatal period, may perform all the rituals except for the Tawaf and prayer.

* It is permissible for a person in Ihram to slaughter domesticated food animals, chicken and the like, but not game animals. It is also permissible for him to catch fish and other sea food. He may kill dangerous wild animals such as lions, tigers, wolves, snakes, scorpions, rats, mice, or any other harmful animals or insects.

* It is prohibited for a Muhrim, or a person who is within the bounds of the inviolable vicinity to cut down its trees or grass except for al-Inthkhir trees (sweet-smelling trees found in Makkah).

Even hunting, or catching game birds or animals in the inviolable vicinity is unlawful. If someone violates this, he must offer a sacrificial animal in return. Likewise, game birds and animals of Madinah are also prohibited to hunt or catch.

* He who is driven by necessity to violate any of the above prohibitions, other than sexual intercourse, such as shaving the hair, or wearing sewn garments, he may do so, but he must expiate by fulfilling one of the following

three choices:
1 - Observing fast of three days; or * If a woman performing Tamattu’ type of Hajj, (to perform Umrah then Hajj breaking the Ihram in between) menstruated before starting the Tawaf and feared she might miss some of the Hajj rites, she may enter the Ihram with the intention of performing the Qiraan type of Hajj (performing both Umrah and Hajj with one Ihram).

Both, women in menstruation or in postnatal period, may perform all the rituals except for the Tawaf and prayer.

* It is permissible for a person in Ihram to slaughter domesticated food animals, chicken and the like, but not game animals. It is also permissible for him to catch fish and other sea food. He may kill dangerous wild animals such as lions, tigers, wolves, snakes, scorpions, rats, mice, or any other harmful animals or insects.

* It is prohibited for a Muhrim, or a person who is within the bounds of the inviolable vicinity to cut down its trees or grass except for al-Inthkhir trees (sweet-smelling trees found in Makkah).

Even hunting, or catching game birds or animals in the inviolable vicinity is unlawful. If someone violates this, he must offer a sacrificial animal in return. Likewise, game birds and animals of Madinah are also prohibited to hunt or catch.

* He who is driven by necessity to violate any of the above prohibitions, other than sexual intercourse, such as shaving the hair, or wearing sewn garments, he may do so, but he must expiate by fulfilling one of the following
 

three choices:
1 - Observing fast of three days; or
2 - feeding six needy people by giving each a Mudd of wheat, rice or the like; or
3 - offering a sheep.

* He who violates any of the prohibitions of Ihram ignorantly, or unmindfully, or is forced into it, there is no sin upon him, nor does he have to offer a sacrificial animal.

Allah says:
 “Our Rabb, do not punish us if we forget, or fall into error.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2):286]

Such person must quit or relinquish the prohibited things which he committed.

* He who kills a game animal which has a match from the domesticated food animals, he either offers the match, or buys food with the cost of that animal and distributes it to the poor and needy, or he must observe a day of fast for each. If the game animal has no match from food animals, he may, then choose between fasting or feeding the poor or needy.

* The expiation for the Mubasharah is similar to the expiation for shaving the hair before the end of the Hajj rituals, that is, either to observe fast, feed needy people, or offer a sheep.

* Expiation for sexual intercourse before the first break of Ihram is to offer a camel, or to observe fasting of ten days, three during the Hajj season, and seven when he returns home.

But if the intercourse took place after the first break of Ihram, he may expiate for it by either fasting, feeding, or offering a sheep.

* Both the Qarin and Mutamatti’ should offer an animal if they are not Makkan residents.
Such animals may be a sheep, one seventh of a camel, or one seventh of a cow.

He who cannot afford it, he may observe fast of three days during the Hajj season, and seven more days when he returns home.

* As for him who is held from accomplishing his Hajj or Umrah, he may observe ten days of fast before breaking his Ihram.

* He who recommits the same violation before offering an animal, he does not have to expiate twice, once would do, but if he commits two different violations, such as shortening his hair, and clipping his fingernail(s), he must make an offering for each.

* The meat of the offering and the food must be given to the poor and needy who are within the radius of the inviolable city of Makkah. As for the expiational offering resulting from shaving hair or the like, or the sacrificial animal killed on account of incompletion of the Hajj; this may be given out to the poor and needy living in the area where the offering is made. Fasting, however, is an acceptable choice in all cases.

* An offering similar to a hunted game animal must be made from the domesticated food animals: a camel for an ostrich, a cow for a wild donkey (zebra), a ram for a hyena, a she-goat for a deer, a goat for a desert lizard, a lamb for a jerboa, a young shegoat for a rabbit, and a sheep for a pigeon.

Two experienced people may decide what offering may be made for other game animals that have no match, the value of which may be given out in charity.
Following that, God willing,


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: The Book of Hajj and Umrah   30/08/16, 06:09 am

7. The Types of Hajj
There are three types of Hajj: Tamattu’, Qiraan, and Ifrad.

1 - The Tamattu’, (an interrupted pilgrimage, Ihram is put on for the Umrah which is performed sometime before the pilgrimage, the state of Ihram is then terminated, to be resumed when the moment comes for the pilgrimage) entering the state of ihram with the intention of performing the Umrah during the month of the Hajj. For the second Ihram, a pilgrim does not have to go to the Miqat, he can do so from his residence in Makkah. The Talbiyah for this type of Hajj is as follows:
{O Allah! Here I am responding to You in performing Umrah during the month of the Hajj.}

2 - The Qiraan, entering the state of Ihram for the purpose of performing the Hajj and the Umrah together without interrupting the state of Ihram. Its Talbiyah is:
{O Allah! Here I am responding to You to perform the Umrah and the Hajj jontly.}

3 - The Ifrad, entering the state of Ihram to perform the Hajj alone. Its Talbiyah is:
{O Allah! Here I am responding to You to perform the Hajj.}

A Muslim is free to choose whichever type of the Hajj he wishes to perform.

Yet the best of which is the Tamattu’ for him who did not bring along wit him a sacrificial animal. Otherwise the Qiraan is the best.

8. Entering Makkah
Once a Muslim puts on the Ihram, he should head for Makkah. It is better to enter it from the upper side during the day, but there is no harm in entering it by night. It is recommended to enter al-Masjid al-Haram (the sacred Masjid) through as-Salam gate. It is also called the gate of Bani Shaibah which is across from the Ka’bah, saying:
{In the name of Allah. May peace and blessings be upon Rasoolullah. O Allah! Open for me the gates of Your mercy.}

Once he sees the Sacred House, he should raise his hands saying: Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest) saying:
{O Allah! You are As-Salam, and as-Salam comes from You. O Allah! Greet us with as-Salam. O Allah! Increase the honor, and the grandeur, and the nobility, and the reverence of this House. And increase those who honor and revere it in honor and nobility and piety.}

Once the pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque, he should start with the Tawaf, or circuiting the Ka’bah.

9. The Procedure of the Umrah
* The Umrah is an act of the Sunnah. It is recommended every year. Its best time is during the Hajj season. 


Performing it in the month of Ramadhan, however, makes it equal to performing the Hajj itself. A Muslim must enter the state of Ihram from the Miqat if he passes through it. As for a person who lives within the radius of the Mawaqeet, he may enter the state of Ihram from his own residence. If he is a resident of Makkah, he should go to at-Tan’eem to put on his Ihram.

Once the Mu’tamir [The person performing the Umrah] enters al- Masjid al-Haram, he should begin with circuiting the Ka’bah starting off with the Black Stone, keeping the House, or the Ka’bah on the left side. In the meantime, he should drape the upper cloth (ridaa’), over the left shoulder, and leave the right shoulder uncovered.

Ever time he reaches the Black Stone, he should grab it with his hands and kiss it, if possible, otherwise, it is enough to point at it saying:
{In the Name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest, O Allah! I am doing this believing in You, and attesting to Your Book, and fulfilling Your covenant, and following the Sunnah of Your Prophet, peace be upon him.}

He then should supplicate and ask Allah of whatever he wishes.

Once he reaches al-Rukn Al-Yamani, he should say: Allahu Akbar, and hold it, if possible without kissing it. The Mu’tamir should say the following between al-Rukn Al-Yamani and the Black Stone:
“Our Rubb! Grant us Hasanah (the reward of good action) in this world and Hasanah in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the Fire.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2):201]

The Mu’tamir must circumambulate the Ka’bah seven rounds behind al-Hijr. Once he is through with the Tawaf, he must perform two Rak’aat prayer behind the Maqam Ibraheem, reciting in the first Rak’ah al-Fatihah and al-Kafiroon, and in the sec