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 The Book of Hajj and Umrah

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مُساهمةموضوع: The Book of Hajj and Umrah   30/08/16, 05:26 am

Rasoulallah.net versions

The Book of Hajj and Umrah
Mahmoud Murad
God forgive him
and his parents
and to Muslims
=============
1. The Merits of the Hajj   4

2. The Status of the Hajj in Islam   5
3. Al-Mawaqeet   6
4. The Ihram   8
5. The Purpose of Ihram   9
6. Prohibited Things during Ihram   11
7. The Types of Hajj   16
8. Entering Makkah   18
9. The Procedure of the Umrah   19
10. The Procedure of Hajj   23
11. The Fundamental Rites of the Hajj   31
12. The Obligatory Duties of the Hajj   32
13. The Fundamental Rites of the Umrah   33
14. The Obligatory Duties of the Umrah   34
15. The Udh’hiyah and the Aqiqah   36
16. The Time of Sacrificing the Animal   37
Index

© Copyright
All rights reserved fro the author.
This book may be reproduced for charitable purposes only.
We would like to express our sincere appreciation to those who contributed to the publication of this book.
May Allah reward them for their efforts. If you have any corrections, comments, or questions about this publication, please feel free to contact us at: en@islamhouse.com

Published by:
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Email: en@islamhouse.com

The Book of Hajj and Umrah
www.rasoulallah.net Free edition, Not for sale 2


Preface
Verily all the praises are due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. And we seek refuge in Allah from the evils of ourselves and from our wicked deeds.

Whosoever has been guided by Allah, none can misguide him and whosoever has been misguided by Allah, none can guide him.

I bear witness that there is no god but Allah alone. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant & messenger.

By His Grace, kindness & help, Allah has made easy the compilation of this book (The Book of Hajj & Umrah) after several references.

It includes several subjects of the Pilgrimage (eg. Merits of the Hajj, Status of the Hajj in Islam, Al-Mawaqeet, The Ihram & other commandments).

This book is, in fact, a part of the other book of the author entitled as (The Concise Book of Islamic Fiqh).

May Allah, Glory be to Him, treat this attempt as entirely pure & sincere for His Sake. May Allah highly benefit, with it, the writer, the reader and all the Muslims. He is the All Hearer, the All Responsive.

In The Name of Allaah, Most Merciful, Most Compassionate

The Book of the Hajj and the Umrah
* The Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. It was prescribed in the ninth year after the Hijrah.

The Hajj, the vistiation to Makkah for performing certain rituals at certain times.*

1. The Merits of the Hajj
1. The Hajj is a practical manifestation of Islamic fraternity whereby a Muslim feels he is the brother of every Muslim in the world.

2. The Hajj is also a practical expression of the unity and equality of the Muslim nation regardless of race, color, or homeland. They all have on Rubb, and one Book, and one Qiblah.

3. The Hajj is a school in which a Muslim learns perseverance,generosity, co-operation, forbearance, and love. He also enjoys the beauty of the submission to Allah, from Whom the Muslim receives forgiveness and benevolence.

4. The Hajj is an Islamic university which gives joy to all Muslims and fills with fear the hearts of the enemies of Islam and Muslims everywhere.

5. The Hajj is a great season for earning rewards. In it the rewards are multiplied and the sins are effaced. The pilgrim returns home after performing it sin-free as the day he was born.

6. The Hajj constitutes a declaration against Satan and his accomplices on one hand, and means opening a new page in dealing with Allah through sincerity and repentance on the other.

2. The Status of the Hajj in Islam
* The Hajj is a duty on every adult, sane, free Muslim who is capable of performing it once in a lifetime. A capable person is the one who can afford the trip financially and health wise.

* If an under-aged performed the Hajj, it would be considered as supererogatory for him, but he still has to perform it once he has reached the age of puberty to fulfill it as and obligatory act of worship.

* If a Muslim is unable to perform the Hajj due to old age, terminal illness or the like, he must deputize someone to perform it on his behalf at his own cost.

* As for a woman, she must have a Mahram to accompany her, such as a husband, a male sibling of hers, a father, a son, a brother, or an uncle, as a precondition for the incumbency of Hajj upon her. Although her Hajj would by valid, yet she would commit a sin if she goes for Hajj by herself.

* A Muslim must first perform Hajj for himself before performing it on behalf of someone else.

* It is praiseworthy for the pilgrim to give out to the poor people in the Haram (The Masjid al-Haram in Makkah) and be charitable more often.

* The provisions and expenses of the Hajj must be earned lawfully.

* It is permissible for a menstruating woman, and a woman in postnatal period to have a bath or shower upon entering the state of Ihram for the purpose of performing the Hajj or the Umrah.

She must remain in her Ihram in Makkah until she becomes clean and have a bath thereafter to complete the Hajj rituals.

3. Al-Mawaqeet
(The Mawaqeet (pl. of Miqat), points at which pilgrims on their way to perform the Hajj or the Umrah assume the state of Ihram, that is, consecration and the ritual dress that marks it).

* Al-Mawaqeet are of two kinds:
a - The Mawaqeet in terms of time: the months of the Hajj season.

b - The Mawaqeet in terms of location. The Muslim intending to perform the Hajj, or the Umrah must enter the state of Ihram before crossing them.

These points are:
1. Dthul-Hulaifah, the Miqat of the residents of Madinah and those passing through it. It is 435 km from Makkah. It is the furthest Miqat from Makkah.
It is also known as Abbyar Ali.

2. Al-Juhfah, the Miqat of the residents of Syria and Egypt as well as of those passing through those two countries. It is a village located near Rabig which is 180 km away from Makkah. Nowadays people enter the Ihram from Rabigh.

3. Yalamlam, the Miqat of the people of Yemen and countries aligned with it, and for those passing through them.

Yalamlam is a valley which is 92 km away from Makkah.

4. Qarn al-Manazil, the Miqat of the people of Najd, Taif, and those passing through them. It is also known as As-Sayl Al-Kabeer, which is 75 km away from Makkah, and the valley of Muhram is the highest point in Qarn al-Manazil.

5. Dthat irq, the miqat of the people of Iraq, Khurasan, middle and nort of Najd, the towns aligned with them, as well as for those passing through them. This Miqat is a valley which is approximately 100 km away from Makkah.

* Those living within the radius of the Mawaqeet may enter the Ihram from the place in which they live.

* A Makkan intending to perform the Hajj may enter the Ihram in Makkah itself, but if he intends to perform Umrah, he may enter the Ihram from any place outside the boundaries of the Haram, such as Masjid Aa’ishah in the Tan’eem, or Al-Ju’ranah.

* If a person traveling to Makkah in a direction other than his town’s Miqat, he may assume his Ihram from any nearest point to a Miqat aligned with his town’s Miqat. This applies to those coming to Makkah by air, sea, or land.

* It is not permissible for anyone intending to perform the Hajj or the Umrah to cross the Miqat without entering the state of Ihram. He who does so must return to the Miqat to assume Ihram, or to assume Ihram from wherever he happens to be, provided he sacrifices a sheep as an expiation. If he assumes his Ihram before arriving at the Miqat, though it is unpraiseworthy, but his Hajj remains valid.
Following that, God willing,


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: The Book of Hajj and Umrah   30/08/16, 05:48 am

4. The Ihram
* The Ihram is the practical intention of beginning the rituals of the Hajj or the Umrah. It is also the name of the towels the pilgrim wraps around himself.

5. The Purpose of Ihram
Allah has made His Inviolable House sacred, and assigned inviolable points of entry as sacred, that no one may cross them before performing certain rituals and certain intention.

It is the Sunnah to have a shower before wearing the Ihram, to shave the armpits, clip the nails, wear perfume, and wrap himself from below the chest with white fabric, and drape another piece over the shoulders. The pilgrim must avoid wearing any sewn garment, socks or shoes, and to perform thereafter, two Rak’aat making intention in his mind of what he is about to perform Hajj or Umrah then to recite in an audible voice: {O Allah! Here I am responding to Your call to perform (naming what he intends to do Hajj or Umrah) and to follow that by saying: “If I am held back by an obstacle I may break my Ihram in the place in which You hold me.”}

Thus, if anything happens to him such as sickness or any reason that may prevent him from performing his rituals, he may break his Ihram without having to expiate for it.

* It is praiseworthy for the pilgrim to say upon commencing the Hajj rites: “O Allah! Here I am responding to You in performing the Hajj.” If he wants to perform the Hajj or to say: “in performing the Umrah” (depending on his intention).

* It is the Sunnah to recite the following Talbiyah after entering the state of Ihram: {Here I am O Allah. Her I am! Here I am O Allah. Her I am! Surely all the praise is Yours, and the Dominion.

There is no associate with You. Here I am!}
A man recites the above in an audible voice, while a woman privately.

* He who performs the Umrah stops Talbiyah once he commences the Tawaf or circumambulation while a person performing Hajj stops it upon throwing the stones at Jamrat al-Aqabah.

6. Prohibited Things during Ihram.
1. Shaving or trimming hair from any part of the body.
2. Clipping finger nails, or toe nails.
3. Covering the head (for male) and covering the face for women if no male strangers are around.
4. Wearing sewn clothes by male (shirts, pants, and the like).
5. Wearing perfume.
6. Hunting.
7. Consummating Marriage.

8. Sexual intercourse, if it took place during the first Ihram then Hajj or Umrah is nullified, and the pilgrim must offer a sacrificial animal and complete the rituals, and must return next year to perform the Hajj or the Umrah all over again. But if it took place during the second Ihram, then the Hajj is not nullified, they must, however, offer a sacrificial animal.

9. The Mubasharah (contacting the woman skin to skin) without insertion.
If a man ejaculates, his Hajj remains valid, but he must offer a camel. If he did not ejaculate, he must offer a sheep.

* Whatever applies to men from the above prohibitions applies to women, except for wearing sewn clothes. A woman may wear any clothes (any clothes that conform with the Islamic dress codes) as long as she does not wear make-up or perfume. She must cover her hair, not her face. Wearing of the Burqu’ (a veil with which a woman covers her face having in it two holes for the eyes) and gloves are prohibited for her. Wearing jewelry is permissible for her.

* The preliminary breaking of the Ihram may be marked by doing two of the following: Tawaf, throwing the stones, or shaving, or shortening the hair.

* If a woman performing Tamattu’ type of Hajj, (to perform Umrah then Hajj breaking the Ihram in between) menstruated before starting the Tawaf and feared she might miss some of the Hajj rites, she may enter the Ihram with the intention of performing the Qiraan type of Hajj (performing both Umrah and Hajj with one Ihram). Both, women in menstruation or in postnatal period, may perform all the rituals except for the Tawaf and prayer.

* It is permissible for a person in Ihram to slaughter domesticated food animals, chicken and the like, but not game animals. It is also permissible for him to catch fish and other sea food. He may kill dangerous wild animals such as lions, tigers, wolves, snakes, scorpions, rats, mice, or any other harmful animals or insects.

* It is prohibited for a Muhrim, or a person who is within the bounds of the inviolable vicinity to cut down its trees or grass except for al-Inthkhir trees (sweet-smelling trees found in Makkah).

Even hunting, or catching game birds or animals in the inviolable vicinity is unlawful. If someone violates this, he must offer a sacrificial animal in return. Likewise, game birds and animals of Madinah are also prohibited to hunt or catch.

* He who is driven by necessity to violate any of the above prohibitions, other than sexual intercourse, such as shaving the hair, or wearing sewn garments, he may do so, but he must expiate by fulfilling one of the following

three choices:
1 - Observing fast of three days; or * If a woman performing Tamattu’ type of Hajj, (to perform Umrah then Hajj breaking the Ihram in between) menstruated before starting the Tawaf and feared she might miss some of the Hajj rites, she may enter the Ihram with the intention of performing the Qiraan type of Hajj (performing both Umrah and Hajj with one Ihram).

Both, women in menstruation or in postnatal period, may perform all the rituals except for the Tawaf and prayer.

* It is permissible for a person in Ihram to slaughter domesticated food animals, chicken and the like, but not game animals. It is also permissible for him to catch fish and other sea food. He may kill dangerous wild animals such as lions, tigers, wolves, snakes, scorpions, rats, mice, or any other harmful animals or insects.

* It is prohibited for a Muhrim, or a person who is within the bounds of the inviolable vicinity to cut down its trees or grass except for al-Inthkhir trees (sweet-smelling trees found in Makkah).

Even hunting, or catching game birds or animals in the inviolable vicinity is unlawful. If someone violates this, he must offer a sacrificial animal in return. Likewise, game birds and animals of Madinah are also prohibited to hunt or catch.

* He who is driven by necessity to violate any of the above prohibitions, other than sexual intercourse, such as shaving the hair, or wearing sewn garments, he may do so, but he must expiate by fulfilling one of the following
 

three choices:
1 - Observing fast of three days; or
2 - feeding six needy people by giving each a Mudd of wheat, rice or the like; or
3 - offering a sheep.

* He who violates any of the prohibitions of Ihram ignorantly, or unmindfully, or is forced into it, there is no sin upon him, nor does he have to offer a sacrificial animal.

Allah says:
 “Our Rabb, do not punish us if we forget, or fall into error.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2):286]

Such person must quit or relinquish the prohibited things which he committed.

* He who kills a game animal which has a match from the domesticated food animals, he either offers the match, or buys food with the cost of that animal and distributes it to the poor and needy, or he must observe a day of fast for each. If the game animal has no match from food animals, he may, then choose between fasting or feeding the poor or needy.

* The expiation for the Mubasharah is similar to the expiation for shaving the hair before the end of the Hajj rituals, that is, either to observe fast, feed needy people, or offer a sheep.

* Expiation for sexual intercourse before the first break of Ihram is to offer a camel, or to observe fasting of ten days, three during the Hajj season, and seven when he returns home.

But if the intercourse took place after the first break of Ihram, he may expiate for it by either fasting, feeding, or offering a sheep.

* Both the Qarin and Mutamatti’ should offer an animal if they are not Makkan residents.
Such animals may be a sheep, one seventh of a camel, or one seventh of a cow.

He who cannot afford it, he may observe fast of three days during the Hajj season, and seven more days when he returns home.

* As for him who is held from accomplishing his Hajj or Umrah, he may observe ten days of fast before breaking his Ihram.

* He who recommits the same violation before offering an animal, he does not have to expiate twice, once would do, but if he commits two different violations, such as shortening his hair, and clipping his fingernail(s), he must make an offering for each.

* The meat of the offering and the food must be given to the poor and needy who are within the radius of the inviolable city of Makkah. As for the expiational offering resulting from shaving hair or the like, or the sacrificial animal killed on account of incompletion of the Hajj; this may be given out to the poor and needy living in the area where the offering is made. Fasting, however, is an acceptable choice in all cases.

* An offering similar to a hunted game animal must be made from the domesticated food animals: a camel for an ostrich, a cow for a wild donkey (zebra), a ram for a hyena, a she-goat for a deer, a goat for a desert lizard, a lamb for a jerboa, a young shegoat for a rabbit, and a sheep for a pigeon.

Two experienced people may decide what offering may be made for other game animals that have no match, the value of which may be given out in charity.
Following that, God willing,


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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: The Book of Hajj and Umrah   30/08/16, 06:09 am

7. The Types of Hajj
There are three types of Hajj: Tamattu’, Qiraan, and Ifrad.

1 - The Tamattu’, (an interrupted pilgrimage, Ihram is put on for the Umrah which is performed sometime before the pilgrimage, the state of Ihram is then terminated, to be resumed when the moment comes for the pilgrimage) entering the state of ihram with the intention of performing the Umrah during the month of the Hajj. For the second Ihram, a pilgrim does not have to go to the Miqat, he can do so from his residence in Makkah. The Talbiyah for this type of Hajj is as follows:
{O Allah! Here I am responding to You in performing Umrah during the month of the Hajj.}

2 - The Qiraan, entering the state of Ihram for the purpose of performing the Hajj and the Umrah together without interrupting the state of Ihram. Its Talbiyah is:
{O Allah! Here I am responding to You to perform the Umrah and the Hajj jontly.}

3 - The Ifrad, entering the state of Ihram to perform the Hajj alone. Its Talbiyah is:
{O Allah! Here I am responding to You to perform the Hajj.}

A Muslim is free to choose whichever type of the Hajj he wishes to perform.

Yet the best of which is the Tamattu’ for him who did not bring along wit him a sacrificial animal. Otherwise the Qiraan is the best.

8. Entering Makkah
Once a Muslim puts on the Ihram, he should head for Makkah. It is better to enter it from the upper side during the day, but there is no harm in entering it by night. It is recommended to enter al-Masjid al-Haram (the sacred Masjid) through as-Salam gate. It is also called the gate of Bani Shaibah which is across from the Ka’bah, saying:
{In the name of Allah. May peace and blessings be upon Rasoolullah. O Allah! Open for me the gates of Your mercy.}

Once he sees the Sacred House, he should raise his hands saying: Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest) saying:
{O Allah! You are As-Salam, and as-Salam comes from You. O Allah! Greet us with as-Salam. O Allah! Increase the honor, and the grandeur, and the nobility, and the reverence of this House. And increase those who honor and revere it in honor and nobility and piety.}

Once the pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque, he should start with the Tawaf, or circuiting the Ka’bah.

9. The Procedure of the Umrah
* The Umrah is an act of the Sunnah. It is recommended every year. Its best time is during the Hajj season. 


Performing it in the month of Ramadhan, however, makes it equal to performing the Hajj itself. A Muslim must enter the state of Ihram from the Miqat if he passes through it. As for a person who lives within the radius of the Mawaqeet, he may enter the state of Ihram from his own residence. If he is a resident of Makkah, he should go to at-Tan’eem to put on his Ihram.

Once the Mu’tamir [The person performing the Umrah] enters al- Masjid al-Haram, he should begin with circuiting the Ka’bah starting off with the Black Stone, keeping the House, or the Ka’bah on the left side. In the meantime, he should drape the upper cloth (ridaa’), over the left shoulder, and leave the right shoulder uncovered.

Ever time he reaches the Black Stone, he should grab it with his hands and kiss it, if possible, otherwise, it is enough to point at it saying:
{In the Name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest, O Allah! I am doing this believing in You, and attesting to Your Book, and fulfilling Your covenant, and following the Sunnah of Your Prophet, peace be upon him.}

He then should supplicate and ask Allah of whatever he wishes.

Once he reaches al-Rukn Al-Yamani, he should say: Allahu Akbar, and hold it, if possible without kissing it. The Mu’tamir should say the following between al-Rukn Al-Yamani and the Black Stone:
“Our Rubb! Grant us Hasanah (the reward of good action) in this world and Hasanah in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the Fire.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2):201]

The Mu’tamir must circumambulate the Ka’bah seven rounds behind al-Hijr. Once he is through with the Tawaf, he must perform two Rak’aat prayer behind the Maqam Ibraheem, reciting in the first Rak’ah al-Fatihah and al-Kafiroon, and in the second Rak’ah, al-Fatihah, and al-Ikhlaas. It is recommended to make du’a during this prayer. He should proceed, thereafter, to the little hillocks of as-Safa and al-Marwah, and recite the following verse while he climbs the first:
“Verily, as-Safa, and al-Marwah are among the rites of Allah, so there is no sin upon him who performs the Hajj or the Umrah to walk back and forth between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily Allah is appreciative and All-Knowing.” [Surah al-Baqarah (2) : 158]

When he stops at as-Safa, he should face the Ka’bah and raise his hands supplicating:
{Allah is the Greatest. There is no true god except Allah alone. He fulfilled His promise, and made His slave prevail, and he defeated the clans all alone.}

He should repeat the above supplication three times, and supplicate Allah.

Then, he should walk down the hill humbly until he reaches the first green light where he starts walking briskly to the second green light after which he should resume his normal pace to reach al-Marwah. Once he is atop it, he should face the Ka’bah and repeat what he recited on as-Safa, then back and forth between the two hills, thus to complete seven rounds ending them on al-Marwah. It is the Sunnah to maintain purity by having ablution while tripping, and to perform Sa’ee starting with as-Safa and ending on al-Marwah.

* After the Sa’ee is over, it should be followed by either shortening all of the hair, or better yet shaving it off. As for women, it is enough to mark the end of Umrah by clipping a tiny part of her hair. By doing so, a Mu’tamir terminates the state of Ihram (i.e. to resume his normal life such as wearing sewn clothes, perfume, marriage, and so forth).

* Whatever applies to men respecting the Tawaf and Sa’ee, applies to women except that she does not have to take a brisk walk in Tawaf or Sa’ee.

10. The Procedure of Hajj
An account of the Prophet’s Hajj procedure which he commanded his companions to follow.

It is recommended for those who are in Makkah to have a shower, and wear perfume on the Day of Tarwiyyah, the 8th of Dthul Hijjah. Having done so, one can enter the state of Ihram from the place in which he is staying. He initiates his Hajj rites with the Talbiyah:
{Here I am responding to You O Allah! To perform the Hajj.}

As for the Qarin (a person performing the Qiraan Hajj), they keep on their Ihram until they complete the Hajj procedure. All those performing the Hajj must keep reciting Talbiyah until they reach Mina before noon and perform Dthuhr prayer in congregation, if possible. The rest of the day’s prayers are shortened and performed each at its time. If it is difficult to attend them in congregation, a person may perform them in is own quarters. He should spend that night in Mina. The next day, after sunrise, hat is, the 9th of Dthul Hijjah, or the Day of Arafah, he should march on from Mina to Arafah reciting Talbiyah, and Takbeer to stop at Namirah till noon, if possible, otherwisem he may stop anywhere in Arafah avoiding a place called Wadi Arinah.

•    When the sun passes the meridian, the pilgrim should march to Masjid Arafah to listen to the Khutbah and join the congregational prayers of the Dthuhr and Asr jointly, two Rak’aat each, performing them in the time of the Dthuhr, having an Adthan and a Iqamah for each prayer.
 
•    It is recommended to go to the Mawqif by Mount Arafah to stand there facing the Qiblah supplicating Allah persistently, humbly, and lowly before Him with his hands raised up. It is recommended for him to recite the du’a of the Prophet, peace be upon him:
{There is no true god except Allah alone. To him belongs the Dominion and all the praise is due to Him. He is capable of doing all things. O Allah! All praise is due to You as we express it and better than what we express.

O Allah! To You belongs my prayer and my offering, my life and death, and to You, my Rubb, is my return. O Allah! I seek refuge with You against the torment of the grave, and against the whispers of the chest, and gainst the disorder of the affairs. O Allah! You hear my words, and see my place, and You are well aware of my private and public affairs. There is nothing hidden from you of my affairs. I am the poor and needy who seeks Your relief, being fearful of You admitting my sins, etc.}

He should be persistent in supplicating and asking Allah’s forgiveness, reciting the Talbiyah, and invoking the blessings of Allah upon the Prophet, peace be upon him. The pilgrim should not feel that the response to his du’a is being slow.

* If the pilgrim was unable to reach that stand on Arafah, near the boulders, he may stand anywhere on the Mount Arafah facing the Qiblah supplicating with his hands raised.

* If a pilgrim manages to stand for even a second on Arafat, during the period between the dawn of the Day of Arafah till the dawn of the next day, his Hajj would be valid.

* If he misses the rite of standing on Arafah, his Hajj would be null and void, but if he stays on Arafah during the day and departs before sunset, and does not return to Arafah, he must, as a result, offer a sheep.

* Once the sun has set on the Day of Arafah, the pilgrim marches on to Muzdalifah in a dignified manner. Upon reaching it, he should perform the Maghrib prayer three Rak’aat following it with the Isha prayer, two Rak’aat, at the time of the Isha prayer.

He should spend the night at Muzdalifah and pray the Fajr prayer(the two Sunnah, and the two Fardh). Once he has prayed the Fajr prayer, he should proceed to al-Mash’ar al-Haram and climb it, if possible, otherwise, he may stand by it facing the Qiblah remembering Allah, the Exalted, praising Him, and declaring His Oneness.

He should keep supplicating until very late that morning.

* If the pilgrim was unable to go to al-Mash’ar al-Haram, he may supplicate wherever he may happen to be.

* It is permissible for the weak men, women, and those accompanying them to move out of Muzdalifah to Mina after midnight.

* The pilgrim should go to Mina before sunrise in a dignified manner. He should pick seven pebbles on his way to Mina. It is permissible, however,  to pick them from Muzdalifah or Mina.
Following that, God willing,


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
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أحــمــد لــبــن AhmadLbn
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: The Book of Hajj and Umrah   30/08/16, 06:26 am

Once, he reaches Wadi Muhassar, he should rush out of it to reach Jamrat al-Aqabah, the furthest from Mina, and keep making Talbiyah until he asts seven pebbles at it.

He should cast the pebbles from a point where the Ka’bah would be on his left, and Mina on his right saying:
‘Allahu Akbar’, every time he throws a pebble. The pebbles must be the size of a chick pea.

It is not permissible for a pilgrim to cast big stones, slippers, shoes, or other objects, nor should he harm people during the course of casting stones, or force his way through for casting, or for any other purpose.

* After casting the pebbles, the pilgrim should slaughter his sacrificial animal, if he has brought it along with him, or he may buy one then kill it. It is praiseworthy for a pilgrim to eat from the eat of his offering, and distribute the rest of it to needy people.

Having slaughtered his sacrificial animal, he may shave off his hair, or cut short all of his hair, not just part of it. Shaving off the hair is better than shortening it. Once the pilgrim has completed the above rites, all things that were prohibited for him during the Ihram become lawful again, except for approaching his wife, even if he has not slaughtered his sacrificial animal.

* Having achieved the above, it is the Sunnah that he should have a shower, clean himself, wear perfume, and put on his best clothes to proceed to Makkah for Tawaf of visitation, or Ifadhah, in case the pilgrim is performing the Hajj Tamattu’, but if he is performing the Qiraan, or Ifrad and did not make Sa’ee, or tripping between the two hills, following the arrival’s Tawaf, then he must make the Sa’ee for the Hajj. At that point, everything becomes lawful for him including approaching his wife. This is called the second breaking of Ihram.

* The visitation Tawaf may begin after mid-night preceding the sacrifice day. The pilgrim may, however, perform the visitation Tawaf on the same day, or he may delay it. It is also the Sunnah to drink the Zamzam water till he feels he is filled with it, and to recite the following upon drinking it:
{O Allah! I ask You beneficial knowledge, and ample provision, and cure from every ailment.}

* He should return, thereafter, to Mina to spend the rest of the Eed day and the two subsequent days and nights, the 11th, 12th and the 13th of Dthul Hijjah. During this period, the pilgrim must perform his daily prayers each on its due time shortening the four Rak’aat prayer into two as long as he remains in Mina.

Casting the pebbles should take place in the afternoon in those days. On the 11th he should cast seven stones at the first Jamrah (post) which is located near Masjid al-Kheef, saying ‘Allahu Akbar’, every time he casts a stone. Having cast the stones, he should step forward keeping the post on his left and face the Qiblah, and supplicate Allah for a long time. He should then move on to cast the second Jamrah, or the middle post with another seven stones, then step aside to keep it on his right, and supplicate for a period shorter than the first. After casting the third Jamrah, he should not stop nor should he supplicate.

On the 12th day of Dthul Hijjah, he should repeat the procedure of the previous day. If a pilgrim wishes to leave early, he may leave Mina before sunset that day, but if he prefers to stay behind until the 13th, which is better, he should cast stones at the three Jamraat as he did before. Such procedure applies to women and men alike. He should go to Makkah, after that, to perform the Tawaf- al Wada’ or the Farewell Tawaf, circuiting of the Ka’bah, if he is not a resident of Makkah. Having performed this Tawaf, the Hajj procedure would thus be completed.

* It is permissible to delay the casting of the stones till the 13th, provided he casts them in order, that is, to cast the first Jamrah, the middle, then the Al-Aqabah, and to repeat the procedure in the two following days.

It is better for the pilgrim to cast the stones in the afternoon, but if he fears the crowds, he may then cast them during the night.

The Prophet, peace be upon him, timed the beginning of casting the stones, but did not time its ending.

* It is preferable to perform the rites of the Eed day, the 10th of Dthul Hijjah, in the following order:
1. Casting the stones at Al-Aqabah,
2. Slaughtering the sacrificial animal,
3. Shaving off, or shortening the hair,
4. Tawaf
5. Sa’ee

This was the procedure which the Prophet, peace be upon him, followed.

There is no harm, however, if the pilgrim performs one rite before the other, such as shaving off the head before slaughtering the sacrificial animal, or performing the Tawaf before casting the stones, or the like.

* It is not permissible for a person intending to perform the Hajj or the Umrah to cross a Miqat before wearing the Ihram, such as arriving in Jeddah, for instance, before wearing the Ihram. Such a person must either go back to the Miqat which he had crossed, if possible, or to sacrifice a sheep in Makkah as a Fidyah, (an offering that is given as a means of effacing the sin which he has committed, as in the case of crossing a Miqat without Ihram) and distribute its meat to poor and needy living around the Haram, The Sacred House, in Makkah.

* Deputation for casting the stones is permissible for the weak men or women. A deputy should cast his stones first, then his principle’s.

* A pilgrim or a Mu’tamir (a person performing the Umrah) must guard his tongue from telling lies, backbiting, or arguing. He must also choose good company, and make sure the funds he brought along to cover his stay are earned through lawful means.

* It is permissible for the Muhrim (a person in a state of Ihram) to have a bath, or a shower, wash his clothes, or put on cleaner set of towels while in Ihram.

If a woman menstruates while in Ihram, it is not lawful for her to perform Tawaf before she is clean again.
Following that, God willing,


الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
http://almomenoon1.0wn0.com/
أحــمــد لــبــن AhmadLbn
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مُساهمةموضوع: رد: The Book of Hajj and Umrah   30/08/16, 06:37 am

* The period of slaughtering the animals extends until the sunset of the 13th of Dthul-Hijjah.

* It is incumbent on the pilgrim, whether he is performing Tamattu’, or Qiraan type of Hajj, who is not a resident of Makkah to offer a sheep, or one seventh of a camel, or one seventh of a cow.

If he cannot afford it, he should observe a fast of three days during the Hajj season, and seven more days when he returns home.

* A child who s incapable of casting the stones, his guardian may cast them on his behalf, after casting his own.

* When the pilgrim, male or female, wants to leave Makkah, he should not do so before performing the Tawaf Al-Wada’, or the Farewell Tawaf.

Menstruating woman, or a woman having postnatal discharge would be exempted from this Tawaf. If the pilgrim did not perform this Tawaf, he should return to Makkah to perform it, or slaughter a sheep as a Fidyah.

* There is no harm if he delays the visitation Tawaf to perform it upon his departure, this Tawaf suffices for the Farewell Tawaf.

11. The Fundamental Rites of the Hajj
1. The Ihram
2. Standing on Arafah
3. Visitation Tawaf
4. The Sa’ee.

12. The Obligatory Duties of the Hajj
1. The Ihram from the Miqat
2. Spending a day in Arafah.
3. Staying in Mina and Muzdalifah overnight for those who are neither water or food wardens.
4. Casting the stones.
5. Shaving off or shortening the hair.
6. Tawaf al-Wada (the Farewell Tawaf).

13. The Fundamental Rites of the Umrah
1. The Ihram
2. The Tawaf
3. The Sa’ee.

14. The Obligatory Duties of the Umrah
1. The Ihram from the Miqat.
2. Shaving off or shortening the hair.

* Missing a fundamental rite of the Hajj renders it incomplete, while missing a duty thereof, does not render the Hajj incomplete, but it entails a Fidyah.

There is no harm in missing a supererogatory rite.

Anything other than a fundamental or obligatory rite is considered a rite which is recommended by the Prophet, peace be upon him.

* He who misses the stay in Arafah, would miss the whole Hajj.

In this case, he may break his Ihram and consider his Hajj as Umrah.

He must perform another Hajj in the future, but must offer a sacrifice if he did not pronounce the Ihram condition. If a person is held by an enemy from proceeding to the Sacred House, he should give an offering before breaking his Ihram. If he is held back by sickness, or lack of funds, and made a condition, he may break his Ihram without having to sacrifice an animal.

But if he did not make such a condition, he may offer whatever sacrificial animal available.

* It is the Sunnah to visit the Prophet’s Masjid, to pray in it and to greet the Messenger at any convenient time.

* It is the Sunnah for a person entering the Prophet’s Masjid, to pray in the Rawdhah (the space between the Prophet’s grave and his pulpit in his Masjid).

the Masjid’s greeting prayer, and to proceed to the grave of the Prophet, peace be upon him, and stand in front of it courteously saying:
“May peace be upon you, O Messenger of Allah, and His blessings”. Then he should step forward to the graves of Abu Bakr and Umar, May Allah be pleased with them, and greet them too.

* It is the Sunnah for the Muslim to perform ablution and go to Masjid Quba’ to perform two Rak’aat. Such prayer is equal in reward to that of Umrah. It is also a Sunnah to visit al-Baqi’, (the graveyard in which companions of the Prophet, peace be upon him, are buried) to greet its people, and to visit the martyrs of the Battle of Uhud to greet them saying:
{May peace be upon you, residents of this land, the believers of you and the Muslims, and we shall Insha’ Allah, follow you. We ask Allah to render sound our conditions and yours.}

15. The Udh’hiyah and the Aqiqah
* The Udh’hiyah, or the sacrificial animals offered for acquiring the pleasure of Allah. An offering may be a camel, a cow, or a sheep. It is an act of worship prescribed by the Prophet, peace be upon him.

16. The Time of Sacrificing the Animal
* Right after the prayer of Eed al-Adha until the last day of Tashriq (13th Dthul Hijjah).

* It is the Sunnah to distribute its meat dividing it into three portions: one to give away as a gift, one to give out to the poor and needy, one to keep. There is a great reward for the Udh’hiyah for it benefits the poor and fulfills their needs.

* The Udh’hiyah is acceptable only if it is a five year old camel, a two year old cow, a six months old sheep, or a one year old goat.

* One sheep may be offered for one person, while a camel, or a cow may be shared by seven people; one seventh each. One may sacrifice a sheep, one seventh of a cow, or of a camel on his behalf, as well as on behalf of his household. A sacrificial animal must be free from imperfections.

* A sacrificial animal is recommended to be offered by a living person. It can be offered also on behalf of a deceased. It is unlawful for a person who intends to offer a sacrificial animal to cut his hair, or clip his finger nails, or toe nails during the first ten days of Dthul Hijjah.

* It is praiseworthy to observe fast in these ten days, and to do more good deeds.

* Al-Aqiqah, a sacrificial animal which is offered on the occasion of a newborn.

It is a practice of the Sunnah to offer two sheep for a baby boy, and one for a girl, on the seventh day of birth.

The baby should be named and his/her hair shaved off, when the baby is seven days old, if possible, otherwise on the fourteenth, the twenty-first day, or any other day after that. Silver weight of the shaven hair should e given out in charity. The Aqiqah signi fies gratitude to Allah for His enewed favors, and for the new comer.

* It is preferable to slaughter a camel, a cow, or a sheep for the occasion.

* It is also preferable that the offered animal be fat and most expensive, for Allah says:
 “And whoever honors the rites of Allah, (such onoring) reflects the righteousness of hearts.” [Surah (22):32]

* It is the Sunnah that the guardian himself slaughters the Aqiqah. If unable, someone else may slaughter it for him. The butcher must not be given a portion of the meat for fee.
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The Book of Hajj and Umrah
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