منتدى إنما المؤمنون إخوة (2019 - 2010) The Believers Are Brothers
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 The conquest of Makkah

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn
مؤسس ومدير المنتدى
أحمد محمد لبن Ahmad.M.Lbn

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مُساهمةموضوع: The conquest of Makkah    The conquest of Makkah  Empty12/02/18, 09:30 am

The conquest of Makkah
Book 19
“Verily We have granted thee a manifest Victory: That Allah may forgive thee thy faults of the past and those to follow; fulfill His favour to thee; and guide thee on the Straight Way.” (TMQ, Al-Fateh:1-2)

(Scene: 1)
The Hudaibiyah treaty stated that whoever wanted to join Muhammad was free to do so, and whoever wanted to join Quraysh was also free to do so. Banu Bakr joined Quraysh and Khoza'a joined the Prophet (Peace be upon him). While the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was sitting inside the mosque, Amr Ibn-Salem from Khoza’a came to him and told him that Quraysh and Banu Bakr had attacked Khoza'a, the tribe that had joined the Prophet (Peace be upon him). He asked the Prophet to support his tribe against the attackers. The Prophet promised Amr Ibn-Salem to bring victory to him and his people because this attack was against the Hudaibiyah treaty.

Abu-Sufyan was afraid that Khoza'a would complain to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) about what Quraysh had done, so he went to Madinah to meet him and to make sure the treaty was still in effect. He went to his daughter Um-Habiba, who was married to the Prophet (Peace be upon him). When Abu-Sufyan tried to sit on the Prophet's blanket, she moved it away, and that made her father very angry. He asked her if she didn't want him to sit on the blanket. So she said, “This is the Prophet's blanket, and you have the taint of being an atheist on you that’s why I don’t want you to sit on his blanket.” Abu-Sufyan was very angry and said, “My daughter, you have changed since you left me.”

Abu-Sufyan left the house and did not come back until the Prophet (Peace be upon him) had come home. He tried to talk to the Prophet (Peace be upon him), but the Prophet (Peace be upon him) refused to see him because he was angry with him. Abu-Sufyan then went to Abu-Bakr and asked him to talk to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) on his behalf, but Abu-Bakr refused. Abu-Sufyan then went to Omar Ibnul-Khattab and asked him to talk to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) on his behalf, but Omar refused too. So he went to Ali Ibn Abu-Taleb and Fatima, the Prophet's daughter, and told Ali, “You are the most merciful to me out of all of your people, and I came here to ask a favor. I do not want to leave your house sad like I was when I came. Talk to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and let him speak to me.”

Ali refused too, so Abu-Sufyan, the leader of Quraysh went back to his house still sad. He found no on was willing to carry his message to the Prophet (Peace be upon him), as the Prophet (Peace be upon him) had promised Khoza'a to support them and give victory to them against those who broke the treaty.

(Scene: 2)
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) ordered the Muslims to get themselves ready to leave, but he did not tell them where they were going. When everything was ready, he told them that they were going to Makkah and he ordered them to move quickly before Quraysh found out so that they would not get the chance to get themselves ready on time. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) wanted to enter Makkah without any fighting. He kept asking Allah in his Dua’a, “Allah keep them unaware about us just till we manage to take them by surprise.”

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) traveled towards Makkah until he got very close to it. He camped outside it together with 10,000 Muslims. On the way the Prophet (Peace be upon him) met his uncle, Al-Abbas, who came from Makkah to tell the Prophet (Peace be upon him) that he became a Muslim. Al-Abbas went back to Makkah with the Prophet (Peace be upon him). When night came, the Muslims lit their campfires and started glorifying and praising Allah. They were warriors during the day and men of worship during the night.

(Scene: 3)
Al-Abbas rode the Prophet's horse trying to find anyone he could send to Makkah to tell them that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) had arrived with an army they would never be able to defeat, so they’d at least send him someone to ask his forgiveness and avoid this blood-shed. At that time, Abu-Sufyan and some other men had gone out of Makkah in search of news. When they saw the campfires that the Muslims had lit, they kept on looking in wonder and Abu-Sufyan said, “I have never seen a fire or a camp like that ever in my life.”

One of the men who was with Abu-Sufyan said, “This must be Khoza'a.” Abu-Sufyan replied, “Khoza'a is not strong enough to have a fire and camp like those.” In the middle of the night, Al-Abbas recognized Abu-Sufyan's voice and he told him, “Abu-Sufyan! Muhammad is Allah's messenger to the people and he is the hope for Quraysh.” Abu-Sufyan then said, “I beg you to tell me what to do.” Al-Abbas replied, “I swear by Allah, if I get hold of you that I will kill you! Ride behind me and I will take you to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and ask him to spare your life.” Abu-Sufyan did what the Prophet’s uncle said, and they went together to the camp. Whenever they passed a fire, they heard the Muslims sitting around it asking, “Who is that?”

When they noticed that it is the Prophet (Peace be upon him)’s horse and that Al-Abbas was riding it, they said, “It is the Prophet's uncle riding his horse” and they moved out of the way so that he could pass. When Al-Abbas passed by Omar Ibnul-Khattab's fire, and Omar saw that Abu-Sufyan was with him, he yelled, “Abu-Sufyan! Allah's enemy! Thank be to Allah who brought you to us without a deal or a treaty!”

Omar then started running to the Prophet (Peace be upon him), and Al-Abbas made his horse go faster because they both wanted to get to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) before the other one did.

Al-Abbas reached the Prophet (Peace be upon him) first but Omar was right behind him and said to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) as he went in, “This is Abu-Sufyan and Allah has brought him to us without a deal or a treaty, so let me kill him.” Al-Abbas then said, “I have given him safety and protection.” The Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked the three of them to leave him, and told his uncle Al-Abbas, “Take him with you to your tent, and bring him to me in the morning.”

(Scene: 4)
When morning came, Al-Abbas took Abu-Sufyan and went to the Prophet (Peace be upon him). When the Prophet (Peace be upon him) saw Abu-Sufyan, he said, “Abu-Sufyan! Isn't it time for you to know that there is no God but Allah?” Abu-Sufyan replied, “I swear that you are patient and generous and I have thought that if there was a God other than Allah, I no longer have any need for it.” So the Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked him, “Isn't it time for you to know that I am Allah's Prophet?” Abu-Sufyan replied, “I swear that I have started to believe in this.” So Al-Abbas said to him, “Then become a Muslim, and witness that there is no God but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Prophet before you get killed.”

Abu-Sufyan said, “I witness that there is no God but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Prophet.” Al-Abbas told the Prophet (Peace be upon him), “Abu-Sufyan likes to be proud, tell him something to be proud of.” So the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said, “Whoever enters Abu-Sufyan's house will be safe, whoever shuts his door will be safe, and whoever enters the mosque will be safe.”

(Scene: 5)
The Muslims’ army got ready to enter Makkah. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) rode his camel, and Abu-Sufyan yelled, “Whoever enters Abu-Sufyan's house will be safe, whoever shuts his door will be safe, and whoever enters the mosque will be safe.” The Muslims entered Makkah where people were hiding in their houses. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) prostrated on the back of his camel to thank Allah for letting him go into Makkah victoriously, after he had once fled out of it in fear.

The people became sure that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) would not hurt them, so they left their houses to meet him. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) went to the Ka’ba with his companions to circumambulate it, and then he stood in front of the door of the Ka’ba and said, “There is no God but Allah, He kept His promise, and gave victory to His slave, and defeated the enemies all by Himself. People of Quraysh! Allah has saved you from ignorance, and of the conceit you had in you. All people are from Adam and Adam was created from dust. Allah says what can be translated as, “O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you.” (TMQ, al-Hujurat:13).

People of Quraysh! What do you think I will do to you?” They said, “Nothing bad, because you are a noble brother, and the son of a noble brother.” So he forgave them all. He forgave those who had hurt and oppressed him, and those who had turned him away from his home. He said to them, “Go, you are free.”

Then he went into the Ka'ba with his companions and they broke the idols while saying what can be translated as, “And say, “Truth has (now) arrived, and Falsehood perished: for Falsehood is (by its nature) bound to perish.” (TMQ, al-Israa: 81).


When they had taken all the idols out of Ka’ba, Belal stood on top of it calling for prayer, for the first time in Makkah:
Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar!

I witness that there is no God but Allah. I witness that there is no God but Allah.

I witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. I witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.

Come to prayer, come to prayer.
Come to success, come to success.

Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar!
There is no God but Allah!

Since then, the voice of the call for prayer is heard loudly from the Ka'ba five times a day, because the Arabs had stopped praying to idols and started praying to Allah alone.


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The conquest of Makkah
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